Governing Uncertainty Environmental Regulation in the Age of Nanotechnology
Nanotechnology promises to transform the materials of everyday life, leading to smaller and more powerful computers, more durable plastics and fabrics, cheap and effective water purification systems, more efficient solar panels and storage batteries, and medical devices capable of tracking down and killing cancer cells or treating neurological diseases. Policy analysts predict a radical change in the industrial sector; at present, the U.S. government spends nearly $2 billion annually on nanotechnology research and development. Yet the nanotechnology revolution is not straightforward. Enthusiasm about nanotechnology‘s future is tempered by recognition of the hurdles to its responsible development, including the capacity of government to support technological innovation and economic growth while also addressing potential environmental and public health impacts. This is the first volume to engage scholarly perspectives on environmental regulation in light of the challenges posed by nanotechnology. Contributors focus on the overarching lessons of decades of regulatory response, while posing a fundamental question: How can government regulatory systems satisfy the desire for scientific innovation while also taking into account the direct and indirect effects of 21st century emerging technologies, particularly in the face of scientific uncertainties? With perspectives from economics, history, philosophy, and public policy, this new resource illuminates the various challenges inherent in the development of nanotechnology and works towards a reconceptualization of government regulatory approaches.
'This book makes a significant contribution to the issues it sets out to address, namely how government confronts conditions of acute uncertainty about environmental and health risks, and how, given such uncertainty, government structures its regulatory policy. Students and scholars of science and technology policy will find the work interesting and relevant, particularly in its treatment of the EPA and the federal scene.' Albert H. Teich, Director, Science and Policy Programs, American Association for the Advancement of Science 'The future context for dealing with risk will be unlike anything we have known, and the policies of the past will not provide the protection we need. The authors of Governing Uncertainty have made an important contribution to getting the discussion started.' From the Foreword by J. Clarence (Terry) Davies 'Christopher Bosso has assembled a group of outstanding researchers to examine in depth what government must do to investigate and, when required, regulate the effect of nanotechnology on the environment. This volume provides numerous insights into the challenges legislators and environmental policymakers will face in this new century as they try to manage this new technology.' Sheldon Kamieniecki, University of California, Santa Cruz and President, Public Policy Section, American Political Science Association 'A superb collection that explores nanotechnology and its largely unknown but significant societal risks. The authors' thoughtful assessment of these risks and of the institutions, policies, and procedures necessary to manage them merits serious attention by both scholars and policymakers.' Michael E. Kraft, University of Wisconsin-Green Bay