Coastal communities depend on the marine environment for their livelihoods, but the common property nature of marine resources poses major challenges for the governance of such resources. Through detailed cases and consideration of broader global trends, this volume examines how coastal communities are adapting to environmental change, and the attributes of governance that foster deliberate transformations and help to build resilience of social and ecological systems.
Governance here reflects how communities, societies and organisations (e.g. fisher cooperatives, government agencies) choose to organise themselves to make decisions about important issues, such as the use and protection of coastal commons (e.g. fishery resources). The book shows how a governance approach generates insights into the specific forms and arrangements that enable coastal communities to steer away from unsustainable pathways. It also provides an analytical lens to consider important questions of power, knowledge and legitimacy in linked social-ecological systems. Chapters highlight examples in which communities are engaging in deliberative transformations to build resilience and enhance their well-being. These transformations and efforts to build resilience are emerging through multi-level collaboration, shared learning, innovative policies and institutional arrangements (such as new property rights regimes and co-management), methodologies that engage with indigenous cultural practices, and entrepreneurial activities, including income and livelihood diversification.
Case studies are included from a range of countries including Canada, Japan, Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico, South Africa, Thailand, the South Pacific and Europe. The authors integrate theory with practical examples to improve coastal marine policy and governance, and draw upon emerging concepts from social-ecological resilience and transformations, adaptive governance and the scholarship on the commons.
Table of Contents
1. Toward Transformative Change in the Coastal Commons
Derek Armitage, Anthony Charles and Fikret Berkes
2. Turning the Tide: Strategies, Innovation and Transformative Learning at the Olifants Estuary, South Africa
3. Emergence of Community Science as a Transformative Process in Port Mouton Bay, Canada
Laura Loucks, Fikret Berkes, Derek Armitage and Anthony Charles
4. Rights-based Coastal Ecosystem Use and Management: From Open Access to Community Managed Access Rights
A. Minerva Arce-Ibarra, Juan Carlos Seijo, Maren Headley, Karla Infante-Ramírez, and Raúl Villanueva-Poot
5. Transformations of the Reef, Transformations of the Mind: Marine Aquarium Trade in Bali, Indonesia
Jack Frey and Fikret Berkes
6. The Path to Sustainable Fisheries in Japan and the Transformative Impact of the Shiretoko World Natural Heritage Site
Eirini Ioanna Vlachopoulou and Mitsutaku Makino
7. Community Participation and Adaptation to Change in Biosphere Reserves: A Review and a Mediterranean European Coastal Wetland Case Study (Rhone Delta Biosphere Reserve, Southern France)
Meriem Bouamrane, Raphael Mathevet, Harold Levrel, Heather Huntington and Arun Agrawal
8. Navigating the Transformation to Community-Based Resource Management
Jessica Blythe, Philippa Cohen, Kirsten Abernethy and Louisa Evans
9. Navigating from Government-centralized Management to Adaptive Co-management in a Marine Protected Area, Paraty, Brazil: Turbulence, Winds of Opportunity, and Progress Towards Transformation
Cristiana Simão Seixas, Ana Carolina Esteves Dias and Rodrigo Rodrigues de Freitas
10. Koh Pitak: A Community-Based, Environment and Tourism Initiative in Thailand
Philip Dearden, Dachanee Emphandhu, Supawinee Songpornwanich and Amnat Ruksapol
11. Sasi Laut In Maluku: Transformation and Sustainability of Traditional Governance in the Face of Globalization
Ahmad Mony, Arif Satria and Rilus A. Kinseng
12. The Messy Intertidal Zone: Transformation of Governance Thinking for Coastal Nova Scotia
Jennifer Graham and Anthony Charles
13. Communities, Multi-level Networks and Governance Transformations in the Coastal Commons
Derek Armitage, Steve Alexander, Mark Andrachuk, Samantha Berdej, Shandel Brown, Prateep Nayak, Jeremy Pittman and Kaitlyn Rathwell
14. Synthesis: Governing Coastal Transformations
Derek Armitage, Fikret Berkes and Anthony Charles
Derek Armitage is Professor in the School of Environment, Resources and Sustainability, University of Waterloo, Canada, where he leads the Environmental Change and Governance Group.
Anthony Charles is Professor in the School of the Environment and the School of Business, Saint Mary’s University, Halifax, Canada, and is Director of the Community Conservation Research Network.
Fikret Berkes is Distinguished Professor Emeritus and former Tier 1 Canada Research Chair in Community-based Research Management at the Natural Resources Institute, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.