This title was first published in 2003. This insightful work examines institutional formation and change as evidence of the major re-shaping of government internationally over the last two decades. It is based on a series of case studies of institutional reform and ranges across institutions in countries including the UK, China, Australia and the USA. Each case study considers questions concerning the establishment of institutions, such as: what have been the objectives of institutional changes? What are the principles and values on which new institutions are founded? In addition to looking at broad hypotheses regarding the state and new institutions, the book also draws together practical lessons regarding institutional reform. Thus the cases are analysed as a group to throw light on a number of issues: are there patterns discernible in the formation of new political institutions? What do the cases reveal about what works, and what does not work, in forming new institutions? What predictions can be made about the relationship between values and governance structures?
Table of Contents
Contents: Values, institutions and the state, Ian Holland. Reforming Institutions: Great ideas of central banking: values, ideas and the transformation of central banking and monetary policy in Australia, Stephen Bell; Reforming China's power industry: an institutional explanation, Xu Yi-chong; Beliefs and institutional change: the UK National Health Service, Brian Hardy and R.A.W. Rhodes; Rural policy in Australia: the farm family and the farm business, Linda Courtenay Botterill. New Institutions: International institutions and food safety regulation: values in conflict, Grace Skogstad; Political values, reflexivity and environment protection institutions, Michael Howes; Institutional innovation in natural resource management, Ian Holland; The everyday politics of value conflict: external independent oversight bodies in Australia, Colleen Lewis and Jenny Fleming; ATSIC: autonomy or accountability?, Michele Ivanitz and Ken McPhail. Society-Centred Institutions: Internet content, mandated self-regulation and institutionalizing values, Geoff Airo-Farulla; Regulating relationships: marriage and the state, Elizabeth van Acker. Conclusions: Changing institutions: pluralism, traditions and the contradictions of reform, Jenny Fleming; Bibliography; Index.
'The case studies are diverse and include the British National Health Service, Australian rural policy, international food safety regulation, controls over Internet content and the rebulation of marriage...making for a book that continues to reward the reader as further case studies are revealed.' Public Administration