This book familiarizes the English-speaking reader with the debate on the originality of Gramsci’s thought and its importance for the development of Marxist theory. The contributors present the principal viewpoints regarding Gramsci’s theoretical contribution to Marxism, focussing in particular on his advances in the study of the superstructures, and discussing his relation to Marx and Lenin and his influence in Eurocommunism. Different interpretations are put forward concerning the elucidation of Gramsci’s key concepts, namely: hegemony, integral state, war of position and passive revolution.
Introduction: Gramsci Today Chantal Mouffe Part 1: Structure, Superstructure and Civil Society 1. Gramsci and the Conception of Civil Society Norberto Bobbio 2. Gramsci, Theoretician of the Superstructures Jacques Texier 3. Gramsci and the Problem of the Revolution Nicola Badaloni Part 2: Hegemony, Philosophy and Ideology 4. Gramsci’s General Theory of Marxism Leonardo Paggi 5. Hegemony and Ideology in Gramsci Chantal Mouffe Part 3: State, Politics and Revolutionary Strategy 6. State, Transition and Passive Revolution Christine Buci-Glucksmann 7. Gramsci and the PCI: Two Conceptions of Hegemony Massimo Salvadori 8. Lenin and Gramsci: State Politics and Party Biagio de Giovanni