1st Edition

Graphene Science Handbook
Fabrication Methods

ISBN 9781466591271
Published April 25, 2016 by CRC Press
598 Pages 506 B/W Illustrations

USD $275.00

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Book Description

Explores Chemical-Based, Non-Chemical Based, and Advanced Fabrication Methods

The Graphene Science Handbook is a six-volume set that describes graphene’s special structural, electrical, and chemical properties. The book considers how these properties can be used in different applications (including the development of batteries, fuel cells, photovoltaic cells, and supercapacitors based on graphene) and produced on a massive and global scale.

Volume One: Fabrication Methods

Volume Two: Nanostructure and Atomic Arrangement

Volume Three: Electrical and Optical Properties

Volume Four: Mechanical and Chemical Properties

Volume Five: Size-Dependent Properties

Volume Six: Applications and Industrialization

This handbook describes the fabrication methods of graphene; the nanostructure and atomic arrangement of graphene; graphene’s electrical and optical properties; the mechanical and chemical properties of graphene; the size effects in graphene, characterization, and applications based on size-affected properties; and the application and industrialization of graphene.

Volume one is dedicated to fabrication methods and strategies of graphene and covers:

  • Various aspects of graphene device process flows
  • Experimental procedures for graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) from graphene
  • Advances in graphene synthesis routes
  • The fabrication of graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) by different methods
  • The synthesis of graphene oxide, its reduction, and its functionalization with organic materials
  • The electrophoretic deposition (EPD) processing of graphene family materials
  • The preparation of graphene using the solvent dispersion method
  • Methods for the preparation of graphene oxide
  • The fabrication and performance of a gate-free graphene pH sensor
  • Advances in wet chemical fabrication of graphene, graphene oxide (GO) and more

Table of Contents


Key Points for Transferring Graphene Grown by Chemical Vapor Deposition
Elisabet Prats-Alfonso, Philippe Godignon, Rosa Villa, and Gemma Gabriel

Fabrication Considerations for Graphene Devices
Gregory Burwell and Owen J. Guy

Synthesis Methods for Graphene
Kal Renganathan Sharma

Synthesis and Application of Graphene Nanoribbons
Emma Aryee and Ajay K. Dalai

Preparation of Electrically Conductive Graphene-Based Aerogels to Modify the Supercapacitor Electrode Surface
Gianfranco Carotenuto, Valentina Romeo, Michele Meo, and Pietro Russo

Synthesis Strategies for Graphene
Rajesh Kumar, Rajesh Kumar Singh, and Dinesh Pratap Singh

Atomic-Scale Exfoliation and Adhesion of Nanocarbon
Kouji Miura, Makoto Ishikawa, Masaya Ichikawa, and Naruo Sasaki

Fabrication and Applications of Biocompatible Graphene Oxide and Graphene
Qiang Yang and Xuejun Pan

Fabrication Methods of Graphene Nanoribbons
Shazed Md Aziz, Suraya Abdul Rashid, and Saeed Rahmanian

Functionalized Graphene: Synthesis and Its Applications in Electrochemistry
Farnoush Faridbod, Ali Mohajeri, Mohammad Reza Ganjali, and Parviz Norouzi


Electrophoretic Deposition of Graphene-Based Materials and Their Energy-Related Applications
Mani Diba and Aldo R. Boccaccini

Preparation of Graphene by Solvent Dispersion Methods and Its Functionalization through Noncovalent and Covalent Approaches
Xiaoyan Zhang, Wesley R. Browne, Bart J. van Wees, and Ben L. Feringa

Synthesis of Reduced Graphene Oxide Obtained from Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes and Its Electrocatalytic Properties
Michail O. Danilov, Ivan A. Slobodyanyuk, Igor A. Rusetskii, and Gennadiy Ya. Kolbasov

Graphene Grown with Plasma-Enhanced Process and Its Applications in Lithium-Ion Batteries
Qi-Hui Wu, Chundong Wang, Jian-Guo Ren, Bo Qu, Miao-Ling Huang, Guo Hong, and Wenjun Zhang

Wafer-Scale Chemical Vapor Deposition of High-Quality Graphene on Evaporated Cu Film
Li Tao and Deji Akinwande

Novel Graphene Sensors for Chemical and Biological Applications
Oh Seok Kwon, Seon Joo Park, Jyongsik Jang, and Joonwon Bae

New Methods in Aqueous Graphene (Graphene Oxide) Synthesis for Biosensing
Jingfeng Huang, Melanie Larisika, Christoph Nowak, and Alfred Tok Iing Yoong

Graphene Chemiresistors as pH Sensors: Fabrication and Characterization
Nan Lei, Pengfei Li, Ali Hashmi, Wei Xue, and Jie Xu

Wet Chemical Fabrication of Graphene and Graphene Oxide and Spectroscopic Characterization
Yang Yu, Narasimha Murthy Bandaru, Lachlan James Larsen, Joseph George Shapter, and Amanda Vera Ellis


Mechanical Cleavage of Graphite to Graphene via Graphite Intercalation Compounds
Shioyama Hiroshi

Synthesis of Graphene by Pyrolysis of Organic Matter
Boris I. Kharisov and Oxana V. Kharissova

Graphene Nanoribbons Synthesis by Gamma Irradiation of Graphene and Unzipping of Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes
Z. Marković, S. Jovanović, M. Milosavljević, I. Holclajtner-Antunović, and B. Todorović-Marković

High-Quality Graphene Sheets from Graphene Oxide Hot Pressing and Its Applications
Yupeng Zhang, Delong Li, and Chunxu Pan

Exfoliation of Graphite with Yttrium Oxide via Mechanical Alloying and Irradiation with Microwaves
R. Valle Magaña, L. Díaz Barriga-Arceo, E. Palacios G, L. Rendón Vázquez, V. Garibay-Febles, R.D. Morales, and Jacobo Martinez-Reyes


Graphene-Based Field Emission Devices
Matthew T. Cole and William I. Milne

Fabrication of High-Surface-Area Graphene-Based Nanocomposites via a Facile Chemical Route
Jian Xie and Zhe-Fei Li

Hydrogenated Graphene: Preparation, Properties, and Applications
Tandabany C. Dinadayalane and Jerzy Leszczynski

Large-Scale Fabrication of High-Quality Graphene Layers by Graphite Intercalation
Xiumei Geng and Jingbiao Cui

Formation of Graphene Layers by High-Temperature Sublimation of Silicon Carbide in Vacuum
D.I. Cherednichenko and A.N. Dmitriev

Graphene/TiO Nanocomposites: Synthesis Routes, Characterization, and Photocatalytic Performance
Malgorzata Aleksandrzak and Ewa Mijowska

Graphene–Polymer Nanocomposites: Preparation, Characterization, and Applications
Li Qun Xu, Bin Zhang, Yu Chen, Koon-Gee Neoh, and En-Tang Kang

Preparation of Graphene Oxide and Its Metal Composite Materials as Catalysts for Organic Reactions
Yuta Nishina and Naoki Morimoto

Synthesis of Graphene and N-Doped Graphene from Flames
Chunxu Pan, Yupeng Zhang, Chengzhi Luo, and Weiping Li

Fabrication and Characterization of Graphene and Graphene/Metal Oxide Nanocomposites
Tawfik A. Saleh and Mohammed A. Al-Daous

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Mahmood Aliofkhazraei is an assistant professor in the Materials Engineering Department at Tarbiat Modares University. Dr. Aliofkhazraei’s research interests include nanotechnology

and its use in surface and corrosion science. One of his main interests is plasma electrolysis, and he has published more than 40 papers and a book in this area. Overall he has published more than 12 books and 90 journal articles. Aliofkhazraei has received numerous awards, including the Khwarizmi award, IMES medal, INIC award, best-thesis award, best-book award, and the best young nanotechnologist award of Iran. He is on the advisory editorial board of several nanotechnology journals.

Nasar Ali is a visiting professor at Meliksah University in Turkey. Earlier he held the post of chief scientific officer at CNC Coatings Company based in Rochdale, UK. Prior to this Dr. Ali was a faculty member (assistant professor) at the University of Aveiro in Portugal where he founded and led the Surface Engineering and Nanotechnology group. He has over 120 international refereed research publications, including a number of book chapters. Dr. Ali serves on a number of committees for international conferences based on nanomaterials, thin films, and emerging technologies (nanotechnology), and he chairs the highly successful NANOSMAT congress.

William I. Milne, FREng, FIET, FIMMM, was head of the Electrical Engineering Division of the Engineering Department at Cambridge University from 1999 until 2014 and was Director of the Centre for Advanced Photonics and Electronics (CAPE) from 2004 until 2015. He earned a BSc at St. Andrews University in Scotland in 1970 and later earned a PhD in electronic materials at the Imperial College London. In 2003 he was awarded a DEng (honoris causa) by the University of Waterloo, Canada. His research interests include large area silicon-and carbon-based electronics, thin film materials, and, MEMS and carbon nanotubes, graphene, and other 1-D and 2-D structures for electronic applications.

Cengiz S. Ozkan is a professor of mechanical engineering and materials science at the University of California, Riverside. He received his PhD in materials science and engineering at Stanford University in 1997. He has been elected as the Distinguished Engineering Educator of 2016 by the Engineers' Council. His research areas include energy storage technologies, renewable energy, design and processing of 2D and 3D nanomaterials, nanopatterning and nanoelectronics. He has more than 200 technical publications including journal papers and conference proceedings; 10 book chapters; five edited books, nearly 300 abstracts and 80 patent disclosures; he organized/co-organized more than 30 scientific and international conferences worldwide. Among his important contributions include: the first time growth of hierarchical three-dimensional graphene nanostructures; development of a high-throughput metrology method for large-area graphene sheets; and high performance supercapacitors based on three-dimensional graphene nanostructures.

Stanislaw F. Mitura has been a professor in biomedical engineering at Koszalin University of Technology since 2011. He is a visiting professor at the Technical University (TU) of Liberec

and was awarded a doctor honoris causa from TU Liberec. He was professor of materials science at Lodz University of Technology from 2001 to 2014. He earned an MSc in physics at the University of Lodz (1974), a PhD in mechanical engineering at the Lodz University of Technology (1985), a DSc in materials science at the Warsaw University of Technology (1993). He has contributed to numerous papers and to seven books.

Juana L. Gervasoni is head of the Department of Metal Materials and Nanostructures, Applied Research of Centro Atomico Bariloche (CAB), Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, CNEA (National Atomic Energy Commission). She is also a member of the Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas (National Council of Scientific and Technological Research, CONICET, Argentina). She has been a member of the Coordinating Committee of the CNEA Controlled Fusion Program since 2013. Her area of scientific research involves the interactions of atomic particles of matter, electronic excitations in solids, surfaces, and nanosystems, the absorption of hydrogen in metals, and the study of new materials under irradiation. She has published over 100 articles in international journals. Her teaching at the Instituto Balseiro includes directing graduate and postdoctoral students. Along with her academic and research work, Dr. Gervasoni is heavily involved in the gender issues of scientific communities, especially in Argentina and Latin America.


"Since its inception in 2004, graphene research has become so fragmented that keeping up with its progress alone has become a daunting task—yet application of graphene’s extraordinary properties remains as elusive as ever. This handbook focuses on the fabrication of graphene, providing the newest findings on the strategies for obtaining desired structures ranging from large-scale single-layer graphene sheets, to graphene nanocomposites, to atomically precise graphene nanoribbons; for the purpose of future device fabrication. This volume not only reports on the progress of familiar fabrication methods (e.g., chemical vapor deposition, graphene oxide reduction, etc.), but it also reports on more unconventional methods, such as electrochemical and flame syntheses. It is a comprehensive collection of the cutting-edge graphene-fabrication advances to date—an essential reference for anyone interested in the application of graphene’s revolutionary properties."
—Patrick Han, Advanced Institute for Materials Research (AIMR), Tohoku University, Japan

"I am confident in the materials … The wide scope of information covered, and the qualifications of the contributors projects a positive image of the potential quality of the publication."
—Albert V. Tamashausky, Asbury Carbons Inc.

"This book is a result of an impressive project to collect views from experts in every aspect of graphene science. All popular topics in the research of this impressive material are covered. This is the best and most complete presentation that has been published so far for the hottest material of our times. A must-have reference."
—Ioannis Remediakis, Department of Materials Science and Technology, University of Crete, Greece

"… this set of volumes represents a complete handbook showing the state of the art of science and technology related with graphene. This set of books is written by great specialists and competent experts. For someone who works in this field, this set of volumes is an essential reference for the characterization and application of graphene."
—Dr. Alex Axelevitch, Holon Institute of Technology (HIT)