Graphene Science Handbook: Mechanical and Chemical Properties, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Graphene Science Handbook

Mechanical and Chemical Properties, 1st Edition

Edited by Mahmood Aliofkhazraei, Nasar Ali, William I. Milne, Cengiz S. Ozkan, Stanislaw Mitura, Juana L. Gervasoni

CRC Press

527 pages | 454 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781466591233
pub: 2016-04-25
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pub: 2016-04-27
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An In-Depth Look at the Outstanding Properties of Graphene

The Graphene Science Handbook is a six-volume set that describes graphene’s special structural, electrical, and chemical properties. The book considers how these properties can be used in different applications (including the development of batteries, fuel cells, photovoltaic cells, and supercapacitors based on graphene) and produced on a massive and global scale.

Volume One: Fabrication Methods

Volume Two: Nanostructure and Atomic Arrangement

Volume Three: Electrical and Optical Properties

Volume Four: Mechanical and Chemical Properties

Volume Five: Size-Dependent Properties

Volume Six: Applications and Industrialization

This handbook describes the fabrication methods of graphene; the nanostructure and atomic arrangement of graphene; graphene’s electrical and optical properties; the mechanical and chemical properties of graphene; the size effects in graphene, characterization, and applications based on size-affected properties; and the application and industrialization of graphene.

Volume four is dedicated to the mechanical and chemical properties of graphene and covers:

  • Mechanical properties using a continuum elastic model introduced to describe graphene’s elastic behavior
  • Results of theoretical investigations of the mechanical properties of graphene structures
  • Mechanical stabilities and properties of graphene under various strains
  • Different types of graphene devices for biomolecule and gas sensing
  • Printed graphene-based electrochemical sensor technology
  • Various types of graphene-based electrochemical sensors
  • The chemical vapor deposition of graphene on copper
  • Strategies covering graphene modification
  • Graphene in solar cells, including transparent electrodes, active layers, and interface layer
  • Changes at the micrometric and nanometric scales, and more


"This book [summarizes] the state-of-art knowledge of the structure-property relationship of graphene, as well as relevant applications they lead to. The first three chapters provide a multi-scale description of mechanical properties of graphene, from the role of defects at atomic scale, the effective models capturing micro-structural features, to the macroscopic performance. Details of theoretical models and experimental techniques are explained in detail, and Literature data are collected in tables with references listed, which are easy to follow up and thus informative for students and researchers on this topic."

—Zhiping Xu, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China

"So far, books on graphene covered mainly its electronic properties and applications, and other aspects were relatively overlooked. This book (or volume) deals with those relatively untouched aspects of graphene research like mechanical and chemical properties and applications, which is, I judge, actually very important because the first generation commercial products of graphene are composites for structure and energy storage devices. It contains in-depth details of theoretical and experimental studies. Because of the comprehensive coverage of those fields, I believe that it will be useful for those who want to obtain fundamental knowledge as students or novices and those who are considering practical applications as professionals."

—Changgu Lee, Mechanical Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea

"… truly a valuable resource for any researcher trying to unlock the many potential applications this miracle material may offer."

—Amro Satti, Leitat Technological Center, Barcelona, Spain

"I am confident in the materials … The wide scope of information covered and the qualifications of the contributors projects a positive image of the potential quality of the publication."

—Albert V. Tamashausky, Asbury Carbons Inc.

"This book is a result of an impressive project to collect views from experts in every aspect of graphene science. All popular topics in the research of this impressive material are covered. This is the best and most complete presentation that has been published so far for the hottest material of our times. A must-have reference."

—Ioannis Remediakis, Department of Materials Science and Technology, University of Crete, Greece

"…this set of volumes represents a complete handbook showing the state of the art of science and technology related with graphene. This set of books is written by great specialists and competent experts. For someone who works in this field, this set of volumes is an essential reference for the characterization and application of graphene."

— Dr. Alex Axelevitch, Holon Institute of Technology (HIT)

Table of Contents


Mechanical Properties of Graphene

Tao Chen and Rebecca Cheung

Effective Elastic Properties of a Novel Continuous Fuzzy Fiber-Reinforced Composite with Wavy Carbon Nanotubes

M.C. Ray and S. I. Kundalwal

Effects of Vacancies, Nitrogen Atoms, and sp3 Bonds on Mechanical Properties of Graphene Using Molecular Dynamics Simulations

Akihiko Ito and Shingo Okamoto

Mechanical Properties of Graphene Sheets

O. E. Glukhova

Mechanical Stabilities and Properties of Graphene and Its Modification by BN Predicted from First-Principles Calculations

Qing Peng and Suvranu De

Some Mechanical Properties of Graphene and Their Role in Forming Polymer Nanocomposites

Kausala Mylvaganam and Liangchi Zhang


Grain Boundaries in Chemical Vapor Deposition-Grown Graphene

László P. Biró and Philippe Lambin

Graphene-Based Biological and Chemical Sensors

Shirui Guo, Wei Wang, Cengiz S. Ozkan, and Mihrimah Ozkan

Printed Graphene-Based Electrochemical Sensors

A. Tuantranont, A. Wisitsoraat, C. Sriprachuabwong, C. Karuwan, P. Pasakon, and D. Phokharatkul

Chemical Routes to Graphene Quantum Dots: Photoluminescence Mechanism and Novel Applications

Shoujun Zhu, Xiaohuan Zhao, Yubin Song, Bo Li, Junhu Zhang, and Bai Yang

Electrochemical Biosensors and Biofuel Cells Based on Graphene and Graphene Derivatives

Jaroslav Filip, Tomas Bertok, and Jan Tkac

Chemical Modification of Graphene

Xiao-Rong Li, Jing-Juan Xu, and Hong-Yuan Chen

Graphene Synthesis by Chemical Vapor Deposition on Copper

Kemal Celebi, Ning Yang, Matthew T. Cole, Kenneth B. K. Teo, and Hyung Gyu Park

Chemically Modified Graphene and Its Applications in Electrochemical Sensing

Raghu G. Kempegowda and Pandurangappa Malingappa

Graphene: Electrochemical Exfoliation and Applications

Quang Duc Truong and Itaru Honma

Modification of Graphene with Polymers via Addition Chemistry

Horacio J. Salavagione

Molecular Theory of Graphene Chemical Modification

Elena F. Sheka


Low-Cost and Simple Method for Graphene Synthesis

Isaiah Owusu Gyan, Haoyu Zhu, and I. Francis Cheng

Graphene-Based Solar Cells

Tanvi Upreti, Vinay Gupta, and Suresh Chand

Graphene Production from Chlorination of Metallocenes

P. González-García, E. Urones-Garrote, A. Gómez-Herrero, D. Ávila-Brande, and L. C. Otero-Díaz

Chemical Modification of Graphene with Polymers

Somayeh Mohamadi and Naser Sharifi-Sanjani

Charge Carrier Mobility in Graphene: Strain and Screening Effects

Tariq M. G. Mohiuddin, Raheel Shah, and Ram N. Singh

Graphene-Based Antibacterial Materials

Van Hoa Nguyen and Jae-Jin Shim

Nanofluidics in Graphene-Based Material Systems

Ling Liu and Lin Zhang

Nanoporous Graphene Sheets for Gas Separation

Andreas W. Hauser and Peter Schwerdtfeger

Photorefractive Properties of Graphene-Based Organic Systems

N. V. Kamanina

Applications of Graphene and Its Derivatives in Electrochemical Sensors and Comparison Study of Graphene as a Modifier with Other Modifiers

Majid Arvand, Navid Ghodsi, and Tahereh M. Gholizadeh

About the Editors

Mahmood Aliofkhazraei is an assistant professor in the Materials Engineering Department at Tarbiat Modares University. Dr. Aliofkhazraei’s research interests include nanotechnology and its use in surface and corrosion science. One of his main interests is plasma electrolysis, and he has published more than 40 papers and a book in this area. Overall he has published more than 12 books and 90 journal articles. Aliofkhazraei has received numerous awards, including the Khwarizmi award, IMES medal, INIC award, best-thesis award, best-book award, and the best young nanotechnologist award of Iran. He is on the advisory editorial board of several nanotechnology journals.

Nasar Ali is a visiting professor at Meliksah University in Turkey. Earlier he held the post of chief scientific officer at CNC Coatings Company based in Rochdale, UK. Prior to this Dr. Ali was a faculty member (assistant professor) at the University of Aveiro in Portugal where he founded and led the Surface Engineering and Nanotechnology group. He has over 120 international refereed research publications, including a number of book chapters. Dr. Ali serves on a number of committees for international conferences based on nanomaterials, thin films, and emerging technologies (nanotechnology), and he chairs the highly successful NANOSMAT congress.

William I. Milne, FREng, FIET, FIMMM, was head of the Electrical Engineering Division of the Engineering Department at Cambridge University from 1999 until 2014 and was Director of the Centre for Advanced Photonics and Electronics (CAPE) from 2004 until 2015. He earned a BSc at St. Andrews University in Scotland in 1970 and later earned a PhD in electronic materials at the Imperial College London. In 2003 he was awarded a DEng (honoris causa) by the University of Waterloo, Canada. His research interests include large area silicon-and carbon-based electronics, thin film materials, and, MEMS and carbon nanotubes, graphene, and other 1-D and 2-D structures for electronic applications.

Cengiz S. Ozkan is a professor of mechanical engineering and materials science at the University of California, Riverside. He received his PhD in materials science and engineering at Stanford University in 1997. He has been elected as the Distinguished Engineering Educator of 2016 by the Engineers' Council. His research areas include energy storage technologies, renewable energy, design and processing of 2D and 3D nanomaterials, nanopatterning and nanoelectronics. He has more than 200 technical publications including journal papers and conference proceedings; 10 book chapters; five edited books, nearly 300 abstracts and 80 patent disclosures; he organized/co-organized more than 30 scientific and international conferences worldwide. Among his important contributions include: the first time growth of hierarchical three dimensional graphene nanostructures; development of a high-throughput metrology method for large-area graphene sheets; and high performance supercapacitors based on three-dimensional graphene nanostructures.

Stanislaw F. Mitura has been a professor in biomedical engineering at Koszalin University of Technology since 2011. He is a visiting professor at the Technical University (TU) of Liberec and was awarded a doctor honoris causa from TU Liberec. He was professor of materials science at Lodz University of Technology from 2001 to 2014. He earned an MSc in physics at the University of Lodz (1974), a PhD in mechanical engineering at the Lodz University of Technology (1985), a DSc in materials science at the Warsaw University of Technology (1993). He has contributed to numerous papers and to seven books.

Juana L. Gervasoni is head of the Department of Metal Materials and Nanostructures, Applied Research of Centro Atomico Bariloche (CAB), Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, CNEA (National Atomic Energy Commission). She is also a member of the Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas (National Council of Scientific and Technological Research, CONICET, Argentina). She has been a member of the Coordinating Committee of the CNEA Controlled Fusion Program since 2013. Her area of scientific research involves the interactions of atomic particles of matter, electronic excitations in solids, surfaces, and nanosystems, the absorption of hydrogen in metals, and the study of new materials under irradiation. She has published over 100 articles in international journals. Her teaching at the Instituto Balseiro includes directing graduate and postdoctoral students. Along with her academic and research work, Dr. Gervasoni is heavily involved in the gender issues of scientific communities, especially in Argentina and Latin America.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Solid State Physics