543 Pages 454 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    An In-Depth Look at the Outstanding Properties of Graphene

    The Graphene Science Handbook is a six-volume set that describes graphene’s special structural, electrical, and chemical properties. The book considers how these properties can be used in different applications (including the development of batteries, fuel cells, photovoltaic cells, and supercapacitors based on graphene) and produced on a massive and global scale.

    Volume One: Fabrication Methods

    Volume Two: Nanostructure and Atomic Arrangement

    Volume Three: Electrical and Optical Properties

    Volume Four: Mechanical and Chemical Properties

    Volume Five: Size-Dependent Properties

    Volume Six: Applications and Industrialization

    This handbook describes the fabrication methods of graphene; the nanostructure and atomic arrangement of graphene; graphene’s electrical and optical properties; the mechanical and chemical properties of graphene; the size effects in graphene, characterization, and applications based on size-affected properties; and the application and industrialization of graphene.

    Volume four is dedicated to the mechanical and chemical properties of graphene and covers:

    • Mechanical properties using a continuum elastic model introduced to describe graphene’s elastic behavior
    • Results of theoretical investigations of the mechanical properties of graphene structures
    • Mechanical stabilities and properties of graphene under various strains
    • Different types of graphene devices for biomolecule and gas sensing
    • Printed graphene-based electrochemical sensor technology
    • Various types of graphene-based electrochemical sensors
    • The chemical vapor deposition of graphene on copper
    • Strategies covering graphene modification
    • Graphene in solar cells, including transparent electrodes, active layers, and interface layer
    • Changes at the micrometric and nanometric scales, and more


    Mechanical Properties of Graphene
    Tao Chen and Rebecca Cheung

    Effective Elastic Properties of a Novel Continuous Fuzzy Fiber-Reinforced Composite with Wavy Carbon Nanotubes
    M.C. Ray and S. I. Kundalwal

    Effects of Vacancies, Nitrogen Atoms, and sp3 Bonds on Mechanical Properties of Graphene Using Molecular Dynamics Simulations
    Akihiko Ito and Shingo Okamoto

    Mechanical Properties of Graphene Sheets

    O. E. Glukhova

    Mechanical Stabilities and Properties of Graphene and Its Modification by BN Predicted from First-Principles Calculations

    Qing Peng and Suvranu De

    Some Mechanical Properties of Graphene and Their Role in Forming Polymer Nanocomposites

    Kausala Mylvaganam and Liangchi Zhang


    Grain Boundaries in Chemical Vapor Deposition-Grown Graphene

    László P. Biró and Philippe Lambin

    Graphene-Based Biological and Chemical Sensors

    Shirui Guo, Wei Wang, Cengiz S. Ozkan, and Mihrimah Ozkan

    Printed Graphene-Based Electrochemical Sensors

    A. Tuantranont, A. Wisitsoraat, C. Sriprachuabwong, C. Karuwan, P. Pasakon, and D. Phokharatkul

    Chemical Routes to Graphene Quantum Dots: Photoluminescence Mechanism and Novel Applications

    Shoujun Zhu, Xiaohuan Zhao, Yubin Song, Bo Li, Junhu Zhang, and Bai Yang

    Electrochemical Biosensors and Biofuel Cells Based on Graphene and Graphene Derivatives

    Jaroslav Filip, Tomas Bertok, and Jan Tkac

    Chemical Modification of Graphene

    Xiao-Rong Li, Jing-Juan Xu, and Hong-Yuan Chen

    Graphene Synthesis by Chemical Vapor Deposition on Copper

    Kemal Celebi, Ning Yang, Matthew T. Cole, Kenneth B. K. Teo, and Hyung Gyu Park

    Chemically Modified Graphene and Its Applications in Electrochemical Sensing

    Raghu G. Kempegowda and Pandurangappa Malingappa

    Graphene: Electrochemical Exfoliation and Applications

    Quang Duc Truong and Itaru Honma

    Modification of Graphene with Polymers via Addition Chemistry

    Horacio J. Salavagione

    Molecular Theory of Graphene Chemical Modification

    Elena F. Sheka


    Low-Cost and Simple Method for Graphene Synthesis

    Isaiah Owusu Gyan, Haoyu Zhu, and I. Francis Cheng

    Graphene-Based Solar Cells

    Tanvi Upreti, Vinay Gupta, and Suresh Chand

    Graphene Production from Chlorination of Metallocenes

    P. González-García, E. Urones-Garrote, A. Gómez-Herrero, D. Ávila-Brande, and L. C. Otero-Díaz

    Chemical Modification of Graphene with Polymers

    Somayeh Mohamadi and Naser Sharifi-Sanjani

    Charge Carrier Mobility in Graphene: Strain and Screening Effects

    Tariq M. G. Mohiuddin, Raheel Shah, and Ram N. Singh

    Graphene-Based Antibacterial Materials

    Van Hoa Nguyen and Jae-Jin Shim

    Nanofluidics in Graphene-Based Material Systems

    Ling Liu and Lin Zhang

    Nanoporous Graphene Sheets for Gas Separation

    Andreas W. Hauser and Peter Schwerdtfeger

    Photorefractive Properties of Graphene-Based Organic Systems

    N. V. Kamanina

    Applications of Graphene and Its Derivatives in Electrochemical Sensors and Comparison Study of Graphene as a Modifier with Other Modifiers

    Majid Arvand, Navid Ghodsi, and Tahereh M. Gholizadeh


    Mahmood Aliofkhazraei is an assistant professor in the Materials Engineering Department at Tarbiat Modares University. Dr. Aliofkhazraei's research interests include nanotechnology and its use in surface and corrosion science. One of his main interests is plasma electrolysis, and he has published more than 40 papers and a book in this area. Overall he has published more than 12 books and 90 journal articles. Aliofkhazraei has received numerous awards, including the Khwarizmi award, IMES medal, INIC award, best-thesis award, best-book award, and the best young nanotechnologist award of Iran. He is on the advisory editorial board of several nanotechnology journals.Nasar Ali is a visiting professor at Meliksah University in Turkey. Earlier he held the post of chief scientific officer at CNC Coatings Company based in Rochdale, UK. Prior to this Dr. Ali was a faculty member (assistant professor) at the University of Aveiro in Portugal where he founded and led the Surface Engineering and Nanotechnology group. He has over 120 international refereed research publications, including a number of book chapters. Dr. Ali serves on a number of committees for international conferences based on nanomaterials, thin films, and emerging technologies (nanotechnology), and he chairs the highly successful NANOSMAT congress. William I. Milne , FREng, FIET, FIMMM, was head of the Electrical Engineering Division of the Engineering Department at Cambridge University from 1999 until 2014 and was Director of the Centre for Advanced Photonics and Electronics (CAPE) from 2004 until 2015. He earned a BSc at St. Andrews University in Scotland in 1970 and later earned a PhD in electronic materials at the Imperial College London. In 2003 he was awarded a DEng (honoris causa) by the University of Waterloo, Canada. His research interests include large area silicon-and carbon-based electronics, thin film materials, and, MEMS and carbo

    "This book [summarizes] the state-of-art knowledge of the structure-property relationship of graphene, as well as relevant applications they lead to. The first three chapters provide a multi-scale description of mechanical properties of graphene, from the role of defects at atomic scale, the effective models capturing micro-structural features, to the macroscopic performance. Details of theoretical models and experimental techniques are explained in detail, and Literature data are collected in tables with references listed, which are easy to follow up and thus informative for students and researchers on this topic."
    —Zhiping Xu, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China

    "So far, books on graphene covered mainly its electronic properties and applications, and other aspects were relatively overlooked. This book (or volume) deals with those relatively untouched aspects of graphene research like mechanical and chemical properties and applications, which is, I judge, actually very important because the first generation commercial products of graphene are composites for structure and energy storage devices. It contains in-depth details of theoretical and experimental studies. Because of the comprehensive coverage of those fields, I believe that it will be useful for those who want to obtain fundamental knowledge as students or novices and those who are considering practical applications as professionals."
    —Changgu Lee, Mechanical Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea

    "… truly a valuable resource for any researcher trying to unlock the many potential applications this miracle material may offer."
    —Amro Satti, Leitat Technological Center, Barcelona, Spain

    "I am confident in the materials … The wide scope of information covered and the qualifications of the contributors projects a positive image of the potential quality of the publication."
    —Albert V. Tamashausky, Asbury Carbons Inc.

    "This book is a result of an impressive project to collect views from experts in every aspect of graphene science. All popular topics in the research of this impressive material are covered. This is the best and most complete presentation that has been published so far for the hottest material of our times. A must-have reference."
    —Ioannis Remediakis, Department of Materials Science and Technology, University of Crete, Greece

    "…this set of volumes represents a complete handbook showing the state of the art of science and technology related with graphene. This set of books is written by great specialists and competent experts. For someone who works in this field, this set of volumes is an essential reference for the characterization and application of graphene."
    — Dr. Alex Axelevitch, Holon Institute of Technology (HIT)