Gravitation: From the Hubble Length to the Planck Length, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Gravitation

From the Hubble Length to the Planck Length, 1st Edition

Edited by I. Ciufolini, E. Coccia, V. Gorini, N. Vittorio, R. Peron

CRC Press

198 pages

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Hardback: 9780750309486
pub: 2004-10-31
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Description

Although gravity is the dominant force of nature at large distances (from intermediate scales to the Hubble length), it is the weakest of forces in particle physics, though it is believed to become important again at very short scales (the Planck length). The conditions created in particle accelerators are similar to those at the time of the early universe. While particle physics offers insight to early universe physics, there is a need to understand gravity at extremes of large and short distances to further understand cosmology and the development of the universe. Gravitation: From the Hubble Length to the Planck Length fulfills this need by providing an overview of relativistic astrophysics, early universe physics, cosmology, and their interface with particle physics.

Written by international experts, this reference presents up-to-date information on classical relativity, astrophysics, and theoretical and experimental particle physics. The introduction sets the scene and provides a context for the remaining chapters. Chapters cover an extensive array of topics, from refined experimental techniques in gravitational physics to cosmology and the quantum frontier. The book concludes with a discussion of the connection among particles, fields, strings, and branes.

This compilation shows how gravity plays a fundamental role in astronomy, astrophysics, and cosmology by exploring domains from the microscopic, such as black holes, to superclusters of galaxies that form the large-scale texture of the present-day cosmos. Moreover, with its theoretical and experimental focus on the foundations of gravity, Gravitation proves to be an invaluable resource for current and future research.

Reviews

"…the volume is an interesting collection of articles. The most valuable chapters are those containing the extensive discussions of the experimental tests of relativity. They capture the excitement and recent progress very well."

-Professor R. Ellis, Contemporary Physics

Table of Contents

PREFACE

INTRODUCTION

Gravitation in the Solar System and Beyond

Cosmological Issues

The Other Side: Gravitation in the Quantum Regime

Gravitation as a Universal Phenomenon

PROBING SPACETIME IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM

Introduction

Distance

Angle

Frequency

FRAME-DRAGGING AND ITS MEASUREMENT

Some Historical Background on the Measurement of Gravitomagnetism and the Gravitational Field inside a Rotating Shell

Frame Dragging, the Weak-Field and Slow-Motion Analogy: An Invariant Characterization of Gravitomagnetism

Gravitomagnetic Phenomena on Test Gyroscopes, Test Particles, Clocks, and Photons

Time-Delay Due to Spin of a Central Body and inside a Rotating Shell

Measurement of Gravitomagnetism with Laser-Ranged Satellites

THE SPECIAL RELATIVISTIC EQUIVALENCE PRINCIPLE: GRAVITY THEORY'S FOUNDATION

Introduction

Gravitomagnetic Precession Due to Moving Gravity Source

Geodetic Precession Due to Motion through Gravity

General Consideration of the Observables

Requirements for Equivalent Predictions in Gravity

Periastron Precession

Summary

LUNAR LASER RANGING - A COMPREHENSIVE PROBE OF POST-NEWTONIAN GRAVITY

Introduction

Dynamical Equations for Bodies, Light, and Clocks

LLR's Key Science-Related Range Signals

An Additional Yukawa Interaction?

Gravitomagnetism

Inductive Inertial Forces

THE EARLY UNIVERSE AND THE COSMIC MICROWAVE BACKGROUND

Introduction

The Standard Cosmological Model

The Cosmic Microwave Background

Past, Present and Future of CMB Observation

Conclusions

STRINGS, GRAVITY, AND PARTICLE PHYSICS

Introduction

From Particles to Fields

From Fields to Strings

From Strings to Branes

Some Applications

INDEX

About the Series

Series in High Energy Physics, Cosmology and Gravitation

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI005000
SCIENCE / Astrophysics & Space Science
SCI055000
SCIENCE / Physics