The rise of manufacturing intelligence is fuelling innovation in processes and products concerning a low environmental impact over the product’s lifecycle. Sustainable intelligent manufacturing is regarded as a manufacturing paradigm for the 21st century, in the move towards the next generation of manufacturing and processing technologies. The manufacturing industry has reached a turning point in its evolution and new business opportunities are emerging. With sustainable development arises the immense challenge of combining innovative ideas regarding design, materials and products with non-polluting processes and technologies, conserving energy and other natural resources. On the other hand, sustainability has become a key concern for government policies, businesses and the general public. Model cities are embracing novel ecosystems, combining environmental, social and economic issues in more inclusive and integrated frameworks.

    Green Design, Materials and Manufacturing Processes includes essential research in the field of sustainable intelligent manufacturing and related topics, making a significant contribution to further development of these fields. The volume contains reviewed papers presented at the 2nd International Conference on Sustainable Intelligent Manufacturing, conjointly organized by the Centre for Rapid and Sustainable Product Development, Polytechnic Institute of Leiria, and the Faculty of Architecture, Technical University of Lisbon, both in Portugal. This event was held at the facilities of the Faculty of Architecture, Lisbon, from June 26 to June 29, 2013. A wide range of topics is covered, such as Eco Design and Innovation, Energy Efficiency, Green and Smart Manufacturing, Green Transportation, Life-Cycle Engineering, Renewable Energy Technologies, Reuse and Recycling Techniques, Smart Design, Smart Materials, Sustainable Business Models and Sustainable Construction.

    Green Design, Materials and Manufacturing Processes is intended for engineers, architects, designers, economists and manufacturers who are actively engaged in the advancement of science and technology regarding key sustainability issues, leading to more suitable, efficient and sustainable products, materials and processes.

    Eco design and innovation
    New visions in the manufacturing design—jewels as multiples
    C. Scarpitti
    Communicating effectively in writing: Issues and strategies for engineers
    L. Nazarenko & G. Schwarz-Peaker
    Sustainable design for furniture and wood products
    P. Browne & P. Tobin
    Door’s design for people with mobility impairments and service dogs
    C.P. Carvalho, A.B. Magalhães, J.B. Pedro & L. de Sousa
    Self-building process: Living the crisis in a sustainable way
    F. Pugnaloni, E. Bellu & M. Giovanelli
    Eco-design concept manual as a web tool to reduce the impact of a product
    on the environment
    Z. Toncíková
    The meaning of public spaces
    M. Hanzl
    Designing innovation with craft-evolution to develop sustainability
    E. Aparo, L. Soares & H. Santos-Rodrigues
    In direction to sustainable eco resorts
    C. Alho & J.C. Pina
    Disruptive innovation and learning to create architectural forms
    L.S. Leite, A.T.C. Pereira & R. Pupo
    Additive manufacturing as a social inclusion tool
    G.M. Bem, R.T. Pupo & A.T.C. Pereira
    The Olivetti factory as a paradigm of sustainable growth
    F. Castanò & A. Gallo
    Avieiro Boat — its recovery as a strategic factor for a sustainable development process
    C. Barbosa
    Patterns of sustainability in textile design use of traditional technologies
    A. Rusu
    A visual impaired children photography’s catalogue as an inclusive tool
    A.P.P. Demarchi, B.M. Rizardi, G. Pires & C.B.R. Fornasier
    Back to craft
    E. Karanastasi, M. Moelee, S. Alexopoulou, M. Kardarakou, M. Nikolakaki, A. Papadopoulou, X. Papatriantafyllou & A. Terezaki
    Urban Nomads—smart and flexible design strategies for a sustainable future
    N. Loeper & M. Ott

    Energy efficiency
    Daylighting and ventilation in energy efficient factories
    K. Klimke, T. Rössel, P. Vohlidka & H. Riemer
    Improving sustainability in healthcare with better space design quality
    M.F. Castro, R. Mateus & L. Bragança
    A linear reciprocating thermomagnetic motor powered by water heated
    using solar energy 107
    L.D.R. Ferreira, C.V.X. Bessa, I. Silva & S. Gama
    Environmental quickscans as a decision supporting tool: Scanning the embodied
    energy of different fibre treatments in the development of biocomposite building products
    E.E. Keijzer
    A bottom-up perspective upon climate change—approaches towards the local scale
    and microclimatic assessment
    A. Santos Nouri
    Energy price differential and industrial production growth in Mexico: A wavelet approach
    G.S. Uddin, S. Chakraborty, R. Hossian & B. Sjö
    Electrical energy analysis and potential environmental improvements of sheet metal punching processes
    G. Ingarao, K. Kellens, R. Renaldi, W. Dewulf & J.R. Duflou
    Prototypelab 2012: Mass-customization of energy self-sufficient prototypes and less environmental impact through improved parametric tools, sensors and CNC technology
    J. Ballesteros & P. Ferreiro
    Energy utilization and output dynamics in Bangladesh
    G.S. Uddin, S. Razin, A.T. Muzaffar & P. Kyophilavong
    Spectral shifters for an enhanced indoor environment 149
    G.R. Mitchell & F.J. Davis
    Optimalmould: Energy consumption in injection moulding optimization
    C. Ramos, P. Carreira, P. Bártolo, I. Reis, L. Durão & N. Alves

    Green and smart manufacturing
    Sustainable work for human centred manufacturing
    M. Santochi & F. Failli
    Influencing variables on sustainability in additive manufacturing
    S. Junk & S. Côté
    Compressed air system assessment for machine tool monitoring
    A. Gontarz, P. Bosshard, K. Wegener & L. Weiss
    Crop rotation and association design for N budgeting in organic dairy farms
    G. Bukvic, R. Gantner, Z. Steiner & K. Karalic
    Environmental aspects of lightweight construction in mobility and manufacturing
    S. Albrecht, M. Baumann, C.P. Brandstetter, R. Horn, H. Krieg, M. Fischer & R. Ilg
    A step towards sustainable machining through increasing the cutting tool utilization
    F. Schultheiss, J.M. Zhou, E. Gröntoft & J.-E. Ståhl
    Natural aspect of sustainable food and cosmetics manufacturing
    K. Kyriakopoulou, S. Papadaki & M. Krokida
    Cobalt and manganese recovery from spent industrial catalysts by hydrometallurgy
    D. Fontana & F. Forte
    Strategic sustainability through a product development tool
    P.K. Saha
    Set up planning for automatic generation of inspection plan
    E.A. Nasr, A. Al-Ahmari, O. Abdulhameed & S.H. Mian
    Intelligent fixture planning system for prismatic parts
    A. Al-Ahmari, E.A. Nasr, A.A. Khan & A. Kamrani
    A study of injection moulding with bismuth alloy
    A. Kus, E. Unver, B. Jagger & I. Durgun
    Automated feature extraction from cylindrical parts based on STEP
    H.M.A. Hussein, E.A. Nasr & A. Khan
    Computer aided feature recognition in free form parts
    H.M.A. Hussein & H.M. Mousa
    Package design for frozen foods—principles for sustainability
    R.A. Delfino, L.C. Paschoarelli & R. Frazão
    Synthetic manufacturing—Resilient Modular Systems (RMS)
    W.W. Fok
    System-based analysis of environmental effects of liquid food packaging
    Zs. Bogóné-Tóth & Z. Lakner

    Green transportation
    An innovative six sigma and lean manufacturing approach for environmental friendly shipyard
    L. Bilgili, D. Deli & U.B. Celebi
    Life cycle assessment approach of waste management for ship operation
    L. Bilgili & U.B. Celebi
    An innovative method establishment for a green shipyard concept
    L. Bilgili & U.B. Celebi
    Social sustainability: A key concern for the recovery of urban roads
    A. Annunziata
    Recovery of roads in urban areas: From an indistinct feature to a specific function
    A. Annunziata & F. Annunziata
    Systematic approach of upscaling aircraft parts and sub-modules to aircraft level
    R. Ilg
    Modeling complex aviation systems—the Eco-Design tool EcoSky
    R. Ilg
    New York City blue network: Water as liquid state of earth
    M. Louro & F. Oliveira

    Life-cycle engineering
    Environmental management and use of the water in Food Service Segment: The Life Cycle Assessment as a tool for a sustainable development
    M.S. Lourenço, S.R.R. Costa, M.L. Nunes, L.S. Xavier & J.A.A. Peixoto
    Life-cycle management of high-performance and sustainable buildings based on enterprise modeling method
    Y.M. Shao
    Manufacturing renaissance: Return of manufacturing to western countries
    B. Kianian, T.C. Larsson & M.H. Tavassoli
    Process chain analysis of lightweight metal components—a case study
    R. Ilg & D. Wehner
    Objective monetization of environmental impacts
    H. Krieg, S. Albrecht, M. Jäger & J. Gantner
    Assessment tool for building materials
    S. Vasconcelos, C. Alho & B. Müller
    Set up of a European LCA building rating methodology within the open house project
    J. Gantner, K. Lenz & H. Krieg
    Evaluating the impact of glass and PET packaging for bottled water
    H.A. Almeida, C.A. Ramos, H. Bártolo & P.J. Bártolo

    Renewable energy technologies
    Analysis of the ethanol production chain in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil: A study based on system’s dynamics with a view for exploring scenarios
    A. Longhi, G.L.R. Vaccaro, T. Fleck, K. Roos, D.C. Azevedo & M.H.C. Moutinho
    Use of Jathropha biomass for adsorption of glyphosate in water
    H. Nacke, A.C. Gonçalves Jr., D. Schwantes, G.F. Coelho, M.R. Silva & A. Pinheiro
    Removal of cadmium from aqueous solutions by adsorption on Jatropha biomass
    H. Nacke, A.C. Gonçalves Jr., G.F. Coelho, L. Strey, D. Schwantes & A. Laufer
    Guidelines for redesign a commercially available product: The case of a split air conditioning unit
    P.N. Botsaris
    To develop a framework for the implementation of Miscanthus-fuelled ESCOs for non-domestic heat in Ireland—state of the art report
    E. Stilwell & D. O’Sullivan
    Modeling of multi-assortment production of CO2-extracts
    E.P. Koshevoy, V.S. Kosachev, V.U. Chundyshko & N.N. Latin
    Natural ventilation potential on thermal comfort of a light-steel-framing residential building
    A. Craveiro, A. Gameiro Lopes, P. Santos & L.S. da Silva
    Investigation of the feasibility of constructing a biofuel plant in the region of North Evros
    A.N. Papadopoulos & M. Tsatiris
    Comparison of working (operating) efficiency of electric and gas heat pump regarding to renewable heat source
    D. Rajkovic & M. Sentic
    System of thermal energy accumulation in a soil layer in a combination with wind energy
    A.V. Bunyakin

    Reuse and recycling techniques
    Design of experimental composting of animal carcasses in universitary unit of treatment aimed a correct final disposition and soil improve
    J.C.L. Fonseca, M.R.R. Marchi, L.T. Braz, A.A. Cecílio & L.V.S. Sacramento
    Kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamics of the adsorption process of lead using cassava industry wastes
    D. Schwantes, A.C. Gonçalves Jr., L. Strey, V. Schwantes & H. Nacke
    Equilibrium of the adsorption process of glyphosate using wastes from the cassava industry
    D. Schwantes, A.C. Gonçalves Jr., G.F. Coelho, J. Casarin, J.R. Stangarlin & A. Pinheiro
    Use of bark of Pinus elliottii as a biosorbent in the removal of glyphosate from aqueous solutions
    L. Strey, A.C. Gonçalves Jr., G. Coelho, D. Schwantes, H. Nacke & C.R.T. Tarley
    Kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamics of cadmium adsorption by a biosorbent from the bark of Pinus elliottii
    L. Strey, A.C. Gonçalves Jr., D. Schwantes, G.F. Coelho, H. Nacke & D.C. Dragunski
    Adaptation of the creativity tool ASIT to support eco-ideation phases
    B. Tyl, J. Legardeur, D. Millet & F. Vallet
    Reducing packaging waste by GIS applications
    A. Horváth, Á. Mojzes & G. Takács
    EIA implementation and follow up: A case study of Koga irrigation project—Ethiopia
    W.B. Abebe & M. McCartney
    Waste prevention and reuse of synthetic textiles: A case study in a Brazilian garment industry
    I.S.B. Martins, C.P. Sampaio & U. Perez
    Controlling the properties of materials manufactured using recycled PVC
    C.M. Pratt, F.J. Davis & G.R. Mitchell

    Smart design
    Mass customization of ceramic tableware through digital technology
    E. Castro e Costa & J.P. Duarte
    Robotically controlled fiber-based manufacturing as case study for biomimetic digital fabrication
    N. Oxman, M. Kayser, J. Laucks & M. Firstenberg
    Freeform 3D printing: Towards a sustainable approach to additive manufacturing
    N. Oxman, J. Laucks, M. Kayser, E. Tsai & M. Firstenberg
    How to design smart-buildings without smart-people?
    M.-C. Zélem
    An irregular discretization process for climate-responsive façades
    E. Vermisso, M. Thitisawat & M. Feldsberg
    Designing a sustainable and healthy living environment with smart technology
    J.H. Lan
    Climate change adaptation and strategies: An overview
    A. Santos Nouri & M. Matos Silva
    Digital fabrication and rapid prototyping as a generative process
    F. Coutinho, M. Kruger & J.P. Duarte
    Architectural fabrication of tensile structures with flying machines
    A. Mirjan, F. Gramazio, M. Kohler, F. Augugliaro & R. D’Andrea
    Space time information on display: Smart devices and spatial cognition
    D.P. Henriques
    Fabricating selective elasticity
    M.P. Gutierrez
    Digital manufacture: Robotic CAD/CAM protocol for low cost housing
    V. Portugal
    The haptic/visual image as an inclusive tool
    A.P.P. Demarchi, B.S. Pozzi & C.B.R. Fornasier
    The limits of inclusive design in the current design practice
    E. Zitkus, P. Langdon & P.J. Clarkson
    Rapid construction with functionally graded designs
    F. Craveiro, H. Almeida, L. Durão, H. Bártolo & P. Bártolo

    Smart materials
    New patent on nanomaterials for preserving stone and wood structures
    S. Di Salvo
    Transparent and sustainable materials
    A. Lanza Volpe
    Photocatalytic degradation of textile effluent using ZnO/NaX and ZnO/AC under solar radiation
    T.M.P. Schimidt, F.R. Soares, V. Slusarski-Santana, F.F. Brites-Nóbrega & N.R.C. Fernandes-Machado
    Comparison of residue of cassava industry modified and “in natura” for adsorption of methylene blue dye
    R.B. Pardinho, J. Caetano, J. Casarin, A.C. Gonçalves Jr., L.F. Bonfim Jr. & D.C. Dragunski
    Use of films based starch and casein for conservation of guavas (Psidium guajava)
    L.F. Bonfim Jr., A.R. Lopes, D.C. Dragunski, J. Casarin, A.C. Gonçalves Jr. & J. Caetano
    Biomimetic materials for design
    L. Pietroni & J. Mascitti
    Particle model for orange peel pyrolysis
    J.A. Rodríguez, J.A. Loredo & R.C. Miranda
    Advanced smart polymer/nanographite composites for environmental pollution control
    M. Knite, J. Zavickis, G. Sakale, K. Ozols & A. Linarts
    Behavior of high strength concrete with raw rice husk exposed to high temperature effect
    B. Ucarkosar, N. Yuzer & N. Kabay
    Novel plastics for sustainable building design
    G.R. Mitchell
    Phase change materials as a tool for climate change mitigation
    A.P. Viera, H. Bártolo, G.R. Mitchell & P. Bártolo

    Sustainable business models
    Assessment of the costs and benefits of environmental investment
    M.E. Hussein, G.S. Seow & K. Tam
    Managerial decision support tools for sustainable actions
    M. Dolinsky & V. Dolinska
    Exploring Green IT and Green IS: Insights from a case study in Brazil
    T.A. Viaro & G.L.R. Vaccaro
    Sustainable supply chain and collaboration: What is the link and what are the benefits?
    Y. Dwi, I. Nouaouri, H. Allaoui & G. Goncalves
    Collaborative actions, technology and smart design
    I.S.L. Xavier & P.J. Silva Junior
    Eco-efficiency in six small and medium enterprises in Mexico
    L. Iturbide, P. Lozoya & P. Baptista
    A method to select best nuggets from eco-innovation sessions
    F. Vallet, B. Tyl, D. Millet & B. Eynard
    Implementing concurrent engineering in the construction industry: A different approach for a better consideration of users
    X. Latortue & S. Minel
    Sustainable supply chain management: A systematic literature review about sustainable practices taken by focal companies
    A.M. Nascimento & R.L.C. Alcantara
    Multi-criteria evaluation of reaction to the economic recession in modernization of multi-apartment buildings
    L. Kelpsiene & M.L. Matuseviciene
    Integrated environmental and economic assessment in the construction sector
    H. Krieg, S. Albrecht, J. Gantner & W. Fawcett
    Sustainable development and business: Past and Future
    M. Lešcevica
    Corporate sustainability measurement in Portuguese manufacturing organizations
    P. Mamede & C.F. Gomes
    An economic approach on the urban development of squatter settlements in hillsides high-risk areas
    S.R. Soares & S.T. Moraes
    Secure e-Manufacturing: Here there and everywhere
    D. Meehan
    Parametric places 22@: Smart urban analysis tools and place branding value
    P. Speranza

    Sustainable construction
    Sustainable design of prefabricated solutions for the rehabilitation of ancient buildings
    A.C. Coelho, J.M. Branco, P.B. Lourenço & H. Gervásio
    Smart Technology for the passive house
    S. Vattano
    On-demand post-disaster emergency shelters
    M. Tafahomi
    Towards zero energy house integrated design: Parametric formwork for capillary
    systems in precast concrete panels
    C. Beorkrem & M. Azarbayjani
    Architectural rehabilitation and NZEB: The expansion of the Library of FDUL
    A.P. Pinheiro
    New paradigms in post-hydrological disaster shelter practice; hydrological disasters & informal urban settlements - an insoluble problem?
    J. Lacey & A. Read
    Improving urban environment with green roofs
    G. Darázs & I. Hajdu
    Self-sustaining home: Design liaises technology
    J.-M. Werner
    Harnessing advances in eco-innovation to achieve resource efficient cities
    P. Vandergert, S. Sandland, D. Newport & P. van den Abeele
    Opportunity to complement Vitoria-Gasteiz’s green network, using the roofs of public facility buildings
    E.B. Carmona
    3 Scales of repurposed disposability—Construction, Renovation, and Demolition (CRD)
    W.W. Fok


    Helena Bartolo Centre for Rapid and Sustainable Product Development, Polytecnic Institute of Leiria, Leiria, Portugal.