316 Pages
    by CRC Press

    314 Pages
    by CRC Press

    This book provides a review of problems during design and construction on problematic soils. Design methods, site investigation, construction and analysis of the various improvement methods available are explained and discussed. Various regions may have different soils with geotechnical problems that differ from those faced in other regions. For example, in Southeast Asia, the common geotechnical problems are those associated with construction on soft clays and organic soils, while in the arid region of the Middle East, problems are generally associated with the desert soils. In the US, the problems are associated with organic soils, expansive and collapsing soils, and shale. Laterite and lateritic soils are especially problematic in Mexico. Similarly, in Europe, for example, the geotechnical problems are associated with loess (France), and organic soil (Germany). A detailed description of various methods of ground improvement has been provided in 11 chapters. Each chapter deals not only with a description of the method but also focuses on region-specific ground problems and suitable ground improvement techniques. Case studies have also been included. One general chapter is dedicated to site investigation, instrumentation, assessment and control. This book will be of value to students and professionals in the fields of civil and geotechnical engineering, as well as to soil scientists and engineering geologists.

    1 Introduction
    1.1 Introduction
    1.2 Ground improvement techniques – a brief introduction

    2 Earthworks and field compaction
    2.1 Introduction
    2.2 General principles of compaction
    2.3 Laboratory compaction test
    2.4 Field compaction
    2.5 Field specification and control

    3 Vibro-flotation and dynamic compaction
    3.1 Introduction
    3.2 Vibro-flotation
    3.3 Miscellaneous techniques
    3.4 Dynamic compaction

    4 Replacement method, stage construction, preloading and drainage
    4.1 Replacement method (excavation and backfilling)
    4.2 Stage construction
    4.3 Preloading
    4.4 Drainage methods

    5 Fibers and geosynthetics
    5.1 Introduction
    5.2 Fiber-reinforced soil
    5.3 Geosynthetics
    5.4 Geosynthetics usage in civil engineering
    5.5 Use of synthetic reinforcing fabric for construction of embankments on soft ground
    5.6 Factors influencing design of embankment reinforced with fabrics
    5.7 Design method

    6 Shallow stabilisation
    6.1 Introduction
    6.2 General principles of additive stabilisations
    6.3 Types of additives used in soil stabilisation
    6.4 Modified cementitious stabilising agent

    7 Deep stabilisation using chemical additives
    7.1 Introduction
    7.2 Deep mixing method (DMM)
    7.3 Lime columns

    8 Lightweight fills
    8.1 Expanded polystyrene (EPS)
    8.2 Ultra-lightweight (bamboo culm-RPB) foundation
    8.3 Other lightweight materials

    9 Grouting
    9.1 Introduction
    9.2 Chemical and cementation grouts
    9.3 Decision on choosing the grout

    10 Other techniques
    10.1 Ground freezing method
    10.2 Soil nail and micropiles
    10.3 Thermal precompression
    10.4 Alkaline-activated binders
    10.5 Carbonation
    10.6 Biogrouting

    11 Site investigation, instrumentation, assessment and control
    11.1 Introduction
    11.2 Site investigation
    11.3 Investigation report and test methods
    11.4 Field instrumentation
    11.5 Choice of instruments
    11.6 Assessment and control


    Bujang B.K. Huat graduated from the Polytechnic of Central London, UK in 1983, and obtained his MSc and PhD at the Imperial College London and the Victoria University Manchester, UK in 1986 and 1991 respectively. He has spent his professional career as a Professor in Geotechnical Engineering, at the Department of Civil Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, one of Malaysia’s five research universities. Currently he serves as the Director of Bintulu Sarawak Campus of the same university. His special area of interest is in the field of geotechnical and geological engineering, especially peat, and slope engineering; he has authored and co-authored 18 books, edited ten conference proceedings, and published more than 100 journal and conference proceedings papers in the field of soil mechanics and foundation engineering.

    Arun Prasad is Professor of Geotechnical Engineering at the Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), India. He graduated with a B.Sc. in Civil Engineering in 1986 from Utkal University, India, and obtained his M.Sc. and Ph.D. from Sambalpur University and Devi Ahilya University, India in 1989 and 2000 respectively. He worked as Post-Doctoral Researcher at Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM) during 2009–10. He has also worked as Visiting Research Scientist at Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore for one year during 2014-15. His special area of research is the soil stabilization of soils and unsaturated soil mechanics. He has co-authored three books and co-edited a book in the field of Geotechnical Engineering, and has published more than 60 papers in journals and conference proceedings.

    Sina Kazemian is Associate Professor at the Civil Engineering department of Payame Noor University (PNU), I.R. of Iran and Adjunct Associate Professor at Curtin University, Australia. He obtained his PhD (with distinction) in Geotechnical and Geological Engineering from Universit Putra Malaysia (UPM) and achieved recognition of excellence during his PhD viva; his name was inscribed in the 'Hall of Fame’’ at UPM. To date he has co-authored three books and has published more than 100 papers in reputed journals and conference proceedings. He has moved seamlessly between industry and academia, he loves teaching, but he also loves the challenges of real-life geotechnical practice and he is exceptionally well at both. He is fellow member board, Iranian construction engineering organization, registered professional engineer of professional Australia (RPEng _Geotech), and registered professional engineer of Queensland, Australia (RPEQ) as well.

    Vivi Anggraini has a B.Eng (Hons) in Civil Engineering, M.Eng in Geotechnical Engineering and P.hD in Geotechical and Geological Engineering. She is a full-time teaching and research staff at the Monash University (Malaysia campus), She is a registered professional engineer (P.Eng) and member of EIAust. She has been conducting research in the area "Soil reinforcement, geo-materials, soil science, sustainable soil liners and ground improvement". Her experience includes projects in Indonesia, Malaysia and Australia for both private sector and government clients. She is an executive member of International Geosynthetic Society Malaysian Chapter (MyIGS). She is the recipient of Monash University grants and Ministry of higher Education Malaysia grants. She is a technical advisor at the G&P Geotechnics Sdn Bhd.