Groundwater Lowering in Construction: A Practical Guide to Dewatering, 3rd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Groundwater Lowering in Construction

A Practical Guide to Dewatering, 3rd Edition

By P. M. Cashman, Martin Preene

CRC Press

856 pages

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Hardback: 9780367504748
pub: 2020-08-04
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Description

Praise for the Second Edition:

"This is the book that the dewatering sector really needs – it is reliably based on sound theory and profound understanding of the physical processes, yet is presented in a very accessible and user-friendly manner. It draws on many, many decades of experience, and yet is utterly up to date. . . . It is a one-stop shop for the dewatering practitioner – who can nonetheless rest assured that the theoretical basis of the methods presented is flawless."

— Professor Paul L. Younger, FGS, FICE, C.Geol., C.Eng., FREng, University of Glasgow, Scotland, UK

 

"The best reference on this topic available . . . and will prove useful to a wide variety of readers ranging from junior construction engineers or dewatering contractors to theoretical hydrogeologists and environmental managers. It is rare that a book is able to bridge the gap between theoretical design guidance and practical application."

— S.N. Sterling, University of Waterloo, Canada

The extensively updated Groundwater Lowering in Construction: A Practical Guide to Dewatering, 3rd Edition offers practical advice on all phases of groundwater control systems, from planning and design, through installation and maintenance, and ultimately decommissioning. The expertise provided in this book can help you improve working conditions, increase project viability, save time and reduce excavation costs.

Designers and managers of construction and engineering projects are given the tools necessary to effectively control groundwater. The content is divided into three sections – Principles, Design and Construction. The Principles section explains the fundamentals of groundwater flow as it relates to civil engineering excavations. The Design section explores in extensive detail site investigation, permeability assessment methods and groundwater control strategies. Chapters in the Construction section describe dewatering and exclusion techniques, and examine the complete life cycle of a groundwater control scheme, including monitoring, maintenance and decommissioning. This section incorporates eleven case histories from the authors’ casebook.

The 3rd edition has been greatly revised and updated, and contains more than 200 new illustrations. The new content covers:

  • Permeability of soils and rocks
  • Groundwater problems for excavations in rock
  • Groundwater control for tunnelling projects, such as shafts and cross passages
  • Methods for assessing permeability
  • Decommissioning of dewatering systems
  • Optimisation of groundwater control schemes.

The new, expanded content offers valuable direction that can give you a true competitive advantage in the planning and execution of temporary and permanent dewatering works for excavation and tunnelling. Written for practising engineers, geologists and construction managers, as well as postgraduate engineering students, this revamped manual on design and practice presents numerous case studies and extensive references to enhance understanding. 

Martin Preene is a groundwater consultant, based in the UK. He has more than 30 years’ experience working on dewatering and groundwater control projects worldwide.

The late Pat Cashman was the leading British exponent of groundwater control for his generation, championing a practical and straightforward approach for more than forty years.

Reviews

Praise for the Second Edition

"This is the book that the dewatering sector really needs—it is reliably based on sound theory and profound understanding of the physical processes, yet is presented in a very accessible and user-friendly manner. It draws on many, many decades of experience, and yet is utterly up to date, even including an intriguing glimpse into the future at the end of the book…It is a one-stop shop for the dewatering practitioner—who can nonetheless rest assured that the theoretical basis of the methods presented is flawless."

— Professor Paul L. Younger, FGS, FICE, C.Geol., C.Eng., FREng, University of Glasgow, Scotland, UK

"An essential and highly practical tool for all hydrogeologists and geotechnical and civil engineers involved in the quantified design and planning, construction, monitoring, operation, decommissioning, regulation and assessment of environmental impacts of groundwater lowering and dewatering systems."

–– Trevor Muten in Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology

"The main difference from the previous edition is the introduction of a chapter on the environmental effects of dewatering, reflecting increased societal and regulatory focus on these aspects. However, new sections on cutoff methods, long-term systems and contaminated land all reflect developments in the industry over this period."

–– Mike Streetly in Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeolog

"The best reference on this topic available…and will prove useful to a wide variety of readers ranging from junior construction engineers or dewatering contractors to theoretical hydrogeologists and environmental managers. It is rare that a book is able to bridge the gap between theoretical design guidance and practical application."

— S.N. Sterling, University of Waterloo, Canada

"The book provides an excellent and practical account of many aspects of dewatering in construction, usefully including a detailed discussion of permanent groundwater control systems. It provides a good account of basic hydrogeology and the history of the development of the science, and includes a thorough chapter on site investigations for dewatering design. Dewatering design and the installation and operation of various types of dewatering system are described in detail, making the book an excellent resource, both for practical purposes and for training. Each chapter has a good reference list for further, more detailed reading. I certainly recommend the book for both practitioners and teaching institutions."

— John Waterhouse, Golder Associates Pty Ltd, West Perth, Australia

"[This second edition] takes a well received and respected book on this niche subject and brings it fully up to date."

— David Richards, University of Southampton, UK

Table of Contents

1. Groundwater Lowering: A Personal View and Introduction by P M Cashman

Section 1. Principles

2. This History of Groundwater Theory and Practice

3. Principles of Groundwater Flow

4. Permeability of Soils and Rocks

5. Groundwater Models

6. Objectives of Groundwater Control

7. Groundwater Problems for Excavations in Soils

8. Groundwater Problems for Excavations in Rock

Section 2. Design

9. Methods for Control of Surface Water and Groundwater

10. Methods for Groundwater Control for Tunnelling Projects

11. Site Investigation for Groundwater Lowering

12. Assessment of Permeability

13. Design of Groundwater Lowering Systems

Section 3. Construction

14. Sump Pumping

15. Wellpoint Systems

16. Deep Well Systems

17. Other Dewatering Systems

18. Methods for Exclusion of Groundwater

19. Pumps for Groundwater Lowering Duties

20. Permanent Groundwater Control Systems

21. Environmental Impacts from Groundwater Control

22. Monitoring of Groundwater Control Systems

23. Maintenance of Groundwater Control Systems

24. Decommissioning of Groundwater Control Systems

25. Safety, Contracts and Environmental Regulation

26. Optimisation of Groundwater Control Systems

27. Case Histories

28. The Future by T O L Roberts

 

Appendices:

1. Estimation of permeability by correlations with particle size distribution (PSD) of soil

2. Execution and analysis of variable head permeability tests in boreholes

3. Execution and analysis of packer permeability tests in boreholes in rock

4. Execution of well pumping tests

5. Design examples

6. Estimation of flow rate using V-notch weirs

About the Authors

The late Pat Cashman was the leading British exponent of groundwater control for his generation, championing a practical and straightforward approach for more than forty years.

Dr. Martin Preene draws on thirty years’ experience of groundwater control and groundwater management gained with contractors and consultants in more than forty countries worldwide. He currently operates as an independent groundwater specialist via Preene Groundwater Consulting.

About the Series

Applied Geotechnics

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TEC005000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Construction / General
TEC009020
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / General
TEC009110
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / Dams & Reservoirs
TEC009150
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / Soil & Rock
TEC010030
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / Water Supply