1st Edition

Groundwater Modeling and Management under Uncertainty Proceedings of the Sixth IAHR International Groundwater Symposium, Kuwait, 19 - 21 November, 2012

Edited By Khaled Hadi, Nadim Copty Copyright 2013

    Groundwater is a vital resource of water, in some regions of the world the only source of fresh water. Its use for domestic use and agriculture dates back thousands of years. In recent decades the over-exploitation and unabated use of this resource has lead to severe environmental problems such as resource depletion, land subsidence and groundwater contamination. To mitigate these adverse impacts and protect this valuable resource, it is imperative that rational groundwater management practices and policies as well as robust modeling and analysis tools be developed.

    This volume and the accompanying USB memory card include the abstracts and full papers that were presented at the 6th International Groundwater Symposium that was held in Kuwait between 19 and 21 of November, 2012. The Symposium was jointly organized by the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research and the Groundwater Hydraulics and Management Committee of the International Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research (IAHR). More than 100 researchers, engineers, geologists and water specialists from more than 20 countries attended the Symposium to exchange ideas and expertise relating to the latest developments in the fi eld. The papers presented at the Symposium were organized under the following themes: modeling and management under uncertainty, sustainable groundwater management in arid and semiarid environments, Aquifer Storage and Recovery (ASR) as a groundwater management tool, management solutions for groundwater rise problems, fl ow and transport modeling, and subsurface contamination and remediation.

    This volume provides a state-of-the-art discussion of the latest issues relating to groundwater exploration, management and protection, with an emphasis on bridging the gap between research practice and policy. The volume will serve as an important reference to students, researchers, modelers as well as practitioners and policy makers.


    Modeling and management under uncertainty

    Forecasting groundwater level of Shahrood plain in Iran with stochastic and artificial neural network models
    S. Emamgholizadeh, M. Rahimian, M. Kiani & M.A.N. Rekavandi

    Estimation of groundwater recharge using various methods in Neishaboor Plain, Iran
    T. Ahmadi, A.N. Ziaei, K. Davary, A. Faridhosseini, A. Izadi & A. Rasoulzadeh

    Water resources and human health (fluoride toxicity)
    K.L. Narasimha Rao, S.V.L. Rao & V.P. Kumari

    Multi-objective optimization using differential-evolution for the site selection of groundwater production wells
    A. Elçi & M.T. Ayvaz

    Identifying the origin of nitrogen pollutant in groundwater in the North China Plain using monitoring data and IGESF model
    A.Y. Jia, B.X. Wang, C.C. Niu, J. You & C. Lu

    Propagating conceptual and parametric uncertainty from regional to local groundwater models
    M.A. Awad, A.E. Hassan & H.M. Bekhit

    Groundwater management in the presence of uncertainty using artificial neural networks and genetic algorithms
    M.G. Hafiz, A.E. Hassan & H.M. Bekhit

    Well capture zone delineation under uncertainty: The value of information for risk assessment
    X. Sanchez-Vila, F.P.J. de Barros, A. Guadagnini, D. Fernàndez-Garcia & M. Riva

    Hydro-chemical study of underground waters of Urmia plain, using statistical methods, fuzzy logic and hydro-chemical diagrams
    S.E.H. Mobara & J. Behmanesh

    A stochastic optimization framework for the evaluation of hydraulic conductivity uncertainty on the sustainable management of an over-exploited aquifer
    N. Mylopoulos & P. Sidiropoulos

    Sustainable groundwater management in arid and semiarid environments

    Quantifying arid zone groundwater recharge with environmental tracers (Keynote speech)
    P.G. Cook

    Impacts of urbanization on groundwater recharge and water quality in semi-arid basins (Keynote speech)
    J.C. McIntosh

    Qanat, a source of sustainability in arid and semi-arid regions
    F. Yazdandoost

    Identifying the major sources of groundwater contaminants and estimating their pollutions potential in the Mashhad plain aquifer
    A.A. Ghezelsofloo & R.V. Ardalan

    Prediction of groundwater table under changing water utilisation in the North China plain
    Y. Jinjun, W. Lin, L. Chuiyu & J. Ling

    Evaluation of the effect of runoff in contact with contaminated ground surfaces on the groundwater quality
    A. Al-Haddad & T. Rashid

    Comparison study of rainwater quality of an arid and a semiarid region
    T. Rashid & A. Al-Haddad

    KISR’s successful experience: Production of high quality bottled water using beach well
    M. Al-Tabtabaei, A. Al-Odwani & A. Al-Saffar

    Development of a protection plan for the coastal aquifer of Gaza and assessment of the level of salinity in the West Bank and Gaza Aquifers
    A. Aliewi

    Adopting numerical approach for groundwater management in Eocene Aquifer, West Bank-Palestine
    D. Abdel-Ghafour & A. Aliewi

    Groundwater flow modelling in arid and semi-arid regions using modflow: Case of Miocene aquifer of Zéramdine-Béni Hassen (East Central Tunisia)
    F. Lachaal, M. Bédir, J. Tarhouni, A.B. Gacha & C. Leduc

    Establishment of a groundwater monitoring network in Kuwait: A conceptual model
    A. Akber, A. Mukhopadhyay & A. Fadlelmawla

    Monitoring groundwater level and total dissolved solids around sabkha nabkha deposits in Kuwait
    A.M. Al-Dousari, M. Ahmed & M. Al-Senafy

    Aquifer Storage and Recovery (ASR) as groundwater management tool

    Reclaimed water use optimization in the Middle East
    F.P. Winslow, S.M. Ancheril & R.G. Maliva

    Optimization of ASR implementation for groundwater management: Experiences from the United States
    R.G. Maliva

    Evaluation of groundwater recharge experience with treated wastewater effluents in Oman
    M.S. Baawain & A. Sana

    Feasibility of artificial recharge at the Az-Zaqlah depression in Kuwait
    A. Mukhopadhyay, A. Al-Haddad, V. Kotwicki, M. Al-Senafy, T. Rashid & H. Al-Qallaf

    Feasibility of treated wastewater application for aquifer recharge to defy saline water intrusion
    M.S. Baawain & A. Sana

    Management solutions for groundwater rise problems

    Integrating geophysical and hydrogeological investigations into a three dimensional model of the Sphinx area, Egypt
    A.E. Hassan & H.M. Bekhit

    Effect of urban development, limestone dissolution and preventive mechanisms on the groundwater levels at the Sphinx archaeological area, Egypt
    H.M. Bekhit, A.E. Hassan & M.A. Abd-Elmegeed

    Study of the phenomenon of groundwater level rise in South el Qantara Shark area, Ismailia, Egypt
    A.E. El Sheikh, M.M. El Osta & M.A. El Sabri

    Simulation of potential dewatering system for managing high water table
    M. Al-Senafy, A. Mukhopadhyay & E. Azrag

    Flow and transport modeling

    Physically based modeling in surface water-groundwater interaction: How numerical tools help understand hydrological processes (Keynote speech)
    P. Brunner

    Quantification of methanogenesis-dominated natural attenuation processes in a carbonate aquifer
    A. King, G.B. Davis, H. Prommer & C. Hinz

    Coupling of unsaturated and saturated soil zone models to estimate groundwater recharge in mining areas
    J. Sallwey, M. Meyer, P.-W. Gräber & R. Blankenburg

    Stochastic modeling of conservative transport in dual porosity media using finite cell method
    M.A. Abd-Elmegeed, H.M. Bekhit & A.E. Hassan

    Modeling analysis for Mexico City aquifer based on measured data
    G. Ruiz & R. Ruiz

    An efficient solution technique for coupled simulating reactive transport in heterogeneous aquifers using mixed random walk/finite element method
    A.H. Messameh

    A comparison of body-fitted and immersed boundary methods for pore-scale modeling of fully saturated flow in synthetic porous media
    M. Siena, A. Guadagnini, M. Riva, P. Gouze, P.K. Smolarkiewicz, C.L. Winter, J.D. Hyman, F. Inzoli, G. Guédon & E. Colombo

    Dynamics of time variable infiltration, drainage, and water table fluctuations in layered soils and sloping sand beaches (numerical modeling)
    K. Alastal, R. Ababou, D. Astruc & N. Mansouri

    Partially saturated oscillatory flow under tidal conditions in porous column: Experimental results
    K. Alastal, R. Ababou & D. Astruc

    Modeling transport of hydrocarbon contaminants in the groundwater of North Kuwait
    A. Akber & A. Mukhopadhyay

    Groundwater vulnerability and quality of Dezful plain
    A.A. Abdeh Kolahchi & B.M. Karimzadeh

    Simultaneous pollution source and hydraulic conductivity zone identification with linked simulation-optimization
    M.T. Ayvaz & A. Elçi

    Optimization of flow modeling in fractured media with discrete fracture network via percolation theory
    Y. Pardo, L.D. Donado & C. Murillo

    Characterization of heterogeneous subsurface environments

    A new approach to hydrological scaling (Keynote speech)
    A. Guadagnini, M. Riva, S.P. Neuman & M. Siena

    Nuclear magnetic resonance and high density resistivity method in near-surface groundwater exploration
    L. Wei, Z. Zhi-fu & W. Yong-fu

    Subsurface contamination and remediation

    Removal nitrate, arsenic and cadmium pollution by iron nano particles in groundwater
    M. Kholghi, S.M. Hosseini, M. Janbaz, S. Lotfi & M. Taheri

    Chromium contamination in groundwater in Kanpur Dehat and its environs, Uttar Pradesh, India: A case study
    P.K. Tripathi, R. Prakash & D.S. Pandey

    An experimental study on the denitrification of leachate continuously loaded from a municipal waste landfill
    K. Michioku, K. Tanaka, M. Yagi, T. Nakamichi & N. Wada

    Detection of groundwater contamination by solid waste leachate using electrical resistivity method and geochemical analysis
    M. Mathiazhagan, S. Mahanthiran & M. Ganesan

    Modeling of nanoparticle fate and transport in saturated porous media
    N.K. Copty

    Modeling the local effective dispersivity to deal with the limitations of the Advection-Dispersion Equation
    J.E. Capilla & I. Sánchez-Fuster

    Sustainability of irrigation with Barapukuria coal-mine drainage, NW Bangladesh: An environmental impact study
    J.K. Dutta, C.S. Jahan, Q.H. Mazumder, M. Motin, S. Jaman, N. Sultana & M.A. Ahasan

    Groundwater bioremediation using solid oxygen sources
    M.M.A. Mohamed

    Author index


    Dr. Khaled Hadi is the Manager of the Hydrology Department in the Water Resources Division since March 2008. He obtained his PhD in Groundwater Geochemistry from the  University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK in 1997. Dr. Hadi is specialized in groundwater geochemistry.  He joined KISR in 1987 as a Research Associate. He has led several contract projects and is responsible for water resources project at the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research (KISR) with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), respectively.  He published more than 20 articles in refereed journals and 30 in international conferences. He also participated in publishing 35 reports including final, progress and interim reports either as main author or co-author in governmental contract projects.

    Prof. Nadim Copty is a professor at the Institute of Environmental Sciences at Bogazici University, Istanbul, Turkey.  Prof. Copty has more than 20 years of experience working on groundwater related issues. He received his doctoral degree in 1995 from the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of California, Berkeley.  Subsequently, he worked for 5 years as a senior hydrogeologist at Bechtel Corporation in San Francisco, USA.  His research interests include stochastic modelling of groundwater flow and contaminant transport, characterization of heterogeneous subsurface formations, and groundwater remediation. He is the co-author of more than 40 refereed international journal articles and conference proceedings.