Growth and Mineral Nutrition of Field Crops  book cover
3rd Edition

Growth and Mineral Nutrition of Field Crops

ISBN 9781439816950
Published October 19, 2010 by CRC Press
590 Pages 181 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

By the year 2050, the world’s population is expected to reach nine billion. To feed and sustain this projected population, world food production must increase by at least 50 percent on much of the same land that we farm today. To meet this staggering challenge, scientists must develop the technology required to achieve an "evergreen" revolution—one that increases crop productivity without degrading natural resources.

With 30 percent new material, the updated and revised third edition of Growth and Mineral Nutrition of Field Crops covers all aspects of crop growth and mineral nutrition that contribute to sustainable, high-yield agriculture. Bringing together international scientific knowledge of crop production and the impacts of agriculture on the environment, this book:

  • Includes two new chapters on remediation of heavy-metal contaminated soils and cover crops
  • Covers theoretical and practical aspects of mineral nutrition of field crops
  • Provides recommendations for judicious use of fertilizers, which will reduce cost of crop production and enhance high crop yields without risking environmental pollution
  • Provides growth patterns for annual crops and forages
  • Includes a handful of color pictures of nutrient deficiencies for easy diagnostic purposes

To make the book as practical as possible, each chapter is supported by experimental results and extensive references. A large number of figures and tables are also included to save readers time when researching. The overall emphasis of this reference is on the soil’s ability to sustain high crop yields and a healthy human population.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Field Crops and Mineral Nutrition

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Field Crops

1.3 Mineral Nutrition

1.4 Summary

Chapter 2 Factors Affecting Production of Field Crops

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Environmental Factors

2.3 Summary

Chapter 3 Nutrient Flux in Soil–Plant System

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Nutrient Supply to Plant Roots

3.3 Ion Absorption by Plants

3.4 Summary

Appendix 3.A

3.A.1 Preparation of FeEDDHA Solution

3.A.2 Preparation of FeHEDTA Solution

3.A.3 Preparation of FeEDTA Solution

Chapter 4 Diagnostic Techniques for Nutritional Disorders

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Soil Testing

4.3 Plant Analysis

4.4 Visual Symptoms

4.5 Crop Growth Response

4.6 Correction of Nutrient Disorder

4.7 Summary

Chapter 5 Nutrient Management of Degraded Soils

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Definitions of Soil Degradation and Sustainable Soil Management

5.3 Processes and/or Factors of Soil Degradation

5.4 Summary

Chapter 6 Remediation of Heavy Metal Contaminated Soils

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Adequate and Toxic Levels of Essential and Nonessential Heavy Metals in Soil and Plant Tissues of Principal Food Crops

6.3 Tolerable Levels of Heavy Metals in Soil, Water, and Food Crops

for Human and Animal Consumption

6.4 Heavy Metals Remediation Techniques

6.5 Summary

Chapter 7 The Effects of Essential Nutrients on Plant Diseases

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Nitrogen

7.3 Phosphorus

7.4 Potassium

7.5 Calcium, Magnesium, and Sulfur

7.6 Micronutrients

7.7 Summary

Chapter 8 Wheat and Barley

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Climate and Soil Requirements

8.3 Growth and Development

8.4 Nutrient Requirements

8.5 Summary

Chapter 9 Rice

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Climate and Soil Requirements

9.3 Growth and Development

9.4 Yield and Potential Yield

9.5 Yield Component Analysis

9.6 Grain Harvest Index

9.7 Nutrient Requirements

9.8 Lowland Rice

9.9 Management of Phosphorus in Lowland Rice

9.10 Management of Potassium in Lowland Rice

9.11 Calcium, Magnesium, and Sulfur

9.12 Management of Micronutrients in Lowland Rice

9.13 Nutrient Concentration and Uptake

9.14 Iron Deficiency and Toxicity in Lowland Rice

9.15 Salinity

9.16 Summary

Chapter 10 Corn

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Climate and Soil Requirements

10.3 Growth and Development

10.4 Yield and Yield Components

10.5 Nutrient Requirements

10.6 Summary

Chapter 11 Sorghum

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Climate and Soil Requirements

11.3 Growth and Development

11.4 Yield and Yield Components

11.5 Nutrient Requirements

11.6 Summary

Chapter 12 Soybean

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Climate and Soil Requirements

12.3 Growth and Development

12.4 Yield Components

12.5 Major Yield-Determining Physiological Parameters

12.6 Nutrient Requirements

12.7 Summary

Chapter 13 Common Bean and Cowpea

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Common Bean

13.3 Cowpea

13.4 Summary

Chapter 14 Peanut

14.1 Introduction

14.2 Climate and Soil Requirements

14.3 Growth and Development

14.4 Yield Components

14.5 Nutrient Requirements

14.6 Summary

Chapter 15 Sugarcane

15.1 Introduction

15.2 Climate and Soil Requirements

15.3 Growth and Development

15.4 Crop Culture

15.5 Summary

Chapter 16 Cassava and Potato

16.1 Introduction

16.2 Cassava

16.3 Potato

16.4 Summary

Chapter 17 Cotton

17.1 Introduction

17.2 Climate and Soil Requirements

17.3 Growth and Development

17.4 Yield and Yield Components

17.5 Nutrient Requirements

17.6 Summary

Chapter 18 Forage

18.1 Introduction

18.2 Growth and Development

18.3 Grass–Legume Mixtures

18.4 Nutritive Value

18.5 Nitrogen Fixation

18.6 Nutrient Requirements

18.7 Summary

Chapter 19 Cover Crops

19.1 Introduction

19.2 Climate and Soil Requirements

19.3 Response to Abiotic and Biotic Factors

19.4 Beneficial Effects of Cover Crops

19.5 Strengths and Limitations

19.6 Management and Fertilizer Requirements

19.7 Strategies for Success in Cover Crop Establishment

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... well written and illustrated with excellent figures ... includes a lot of important data ...[and] clear and concise definitions. ... recommended as a first reference. ... would also be an excellent textbook.
Journal of Plant Physiology

The success of the ‘Green Revolution’ has enabled agriculture to keep pace with the relentless growth of human populations through the development of semi-dwarf crops resistant to pests and pathogens, whose yield is maintained through the applications of agrochemicals, mineral fertilizers and irrigation. ... The 19 chapters of this excellent book cover many of the aspects of the growth and mineral nutrition of field crops that will be required to achieve sustainable, high-yield agriculture. It provides a general introduction to the mineral nutrition of field crops, environmental factors affecting crop production and the management of soils for sustainable crop production. Individual chapters describe in detail the growth and development, nutritional requirements and management options for the production of wheat and barley, rice, maize, sorghum, soyabean, common bean and cowpea, peanut, sugarcane, cassava and potato, cotton, forage and cover crops. The book will inform the next generation of academics, students, research scientists and extension workers on whose efforts the next ‘Evergreen Revolution’ will depend. I recommend that they not only read it carefully, but also swiftly put its messages into practice.
—Philip J. White, in Experimental Agriculture, 2011, Vol. 47, Issue 3