Guanxi and Local Green Development in China
The Role of Entrepreneurs and Local Leaders
This book examines the factors which contribute to local green development in China and employs political ecology to analyze the relationship between power and the environment. Specifically, it looks at which actors control access to resources and are therefore able to promote environmental progress.
Following the reform and opening-up of China in the 1970s, entrepreneurs and local officials profited economically and politically and formed close relationships, known as guanxi in China. As a result, they have also been criticized as those responsible for the associated ecological damage. This book does not contest this association, but instead argues that the current literature places too much emphasis on their negative influence and the positive influence of their environmental work has been neglected. Building on three case studies where local green development is being pursued, Shanghai Pudong New Area, Baoding, and Wuning, this book shows how local officials and entrepreneurs can also be the crusaders of a greener environment at the local level in China.
This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of Chinese studies, with a particular interest in environmental policy and politics, business and society, as well as those interested in sustainable development more broadly.
Table of Contents
1. The Boom of Local Green Development in China 2. China’s Local Green Development Background 3. A Run-Down City Regains Competence: Shanghai 4. A Polluted City's Path Towards Low-Carbon Pioneering: Baoding 5. A Poor County's Green Leap Forward: "Green Rising-Up" in Wuning 6. A Comparative Analysis of Green Development 7. A Political Ecology of Local Green Development
Chunhong Sheng is a postdoctoral fellow at the China Center for Special Economic Zone Research, Shenzhen University, China.