The essays reproduced in this volume analyze the guild system in Byzantium and the West, and investigate for the first time the process of price formation in Byzantium. Innovative approaches are devised to fathom the conceptual basis, institutional parameters, market organization and structures, and market dynamics which shaped price determination. Correlatively, it is persuasively established that the Byzantine guilds, unlike their counterparts in the West, did not fix prices through concerted action as they did not command the requisite market power or institutional support. Fundamentally, these studies argue that the Byzantine economy was market-oriented as the state was quite circumspect in its interventions and pursued market-based policies within a regulatory framework aimed to thwart unfair business practices, protect the consumer, curb the concentration of economic power, and prevent the emergence of monopolistic market structures. The competitive process and market mechanism were buttressed by a panoply of legal and other institutional arrangements aimed to frustrate anti-competitive practices and ensure correct business conduct --- to maintain a level playing field. Even in guild-organized sectors, the authorities did not interfere with the firms' decision-making process relying on the dynamic interaction of market forces and letting the market mechanism take hold. The long-standing notion of a command and control economy is indefensible.
Contents: Introduction; Guild Organizational Structure and Scope of Operations: The domain of private guilds in the Byzantine economy, 10th to 15th centuries; The guild system in Byzantium and medieval Western Europe: a comparative analysis of organizational structures, regulatory mechanisms, and behavioral patterns. The Guild System in Action: Organization, market structure, and modus operandi of the private silk industry in 10th-century Byzantium; The organizational setup and functioning of the fish market in 10th-century Constantinople. Price Formation and the Role of the State: Pricing of the factors of production in the Byzantine economy; Price formation in the Byzantine economy 10th to 15th centuries; Operationalization of the concept of just price in the Byzantine legal, economic and political system. Index.
The first title in the Variorum Collected Studies series was published in 1970. Since then well over 1000 titles have appeared in the series, and it has established a well-earned international reputation for the publication of key research across a whole range of subjects within the fields of history.
The history of the medieval world remains central to the series, with Byzantine studies a particular speciality, but the range of titles extends from Hellenistic philosophy and the history of the Roman empire and early Christianity, through the Renaissance and Reformation, up to the 20th century. Islamic Studies forms another major strand as do the histories of science, technology and medicine.
Each title in the Variorum Collected Studies series brings together for the first time a selection of articles by a leading authority on a particular subject. These studies are reprinted from a vast range of learned journals, Festschrifts and conference proceedings. They make available research that is scattered, even inaccessible in all but the largest and most specialized libraries. With a new introduction and index, and often with new notes and previously unpublished material, they constitute an essential resource.
For further information about contributing to the series please contact Michael Greenwood at Michael.Greenwood@informa.com