Gum Printing: A Step-by-Step Manual, Highlighting Artists and Their Creative Practice (Paperback) book cover

Gum Printing

A Step-by-Step Manual, Highlighting Artists and Their Creative Practice

By Christina Z Anderson

© 2017 – Routledge

306 pages

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pub: 2016-09-01
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About the Book

Gum Printing: A Step-by-Step Manual Highlighting Artists and Their Creative Practice is a two-part book on gum bichromate written by the medium’s leading expert, Christina Z. Anderson. Section One provides a step-by-step description of the gum printing process. From setting up the "dimroom" (no darkroom required!) to evaluating finished prints, it walks the reader through everything that is needed to establish a firm gum practice with the simplest of setups at home. Section Two showcases contemporary artists’ works, illustrating the myriad ways gum is conceptualized and practiced today. The works in these pages range from monochrome to colorful and from subtle to bold, representing a variety of genres, including still lifes, portraits, nudes, landscapes, urbanscapes and more. Featuring over 80 artists and 400 full-color images, Gum Printing is the most complete overview of this dynamic and expressive medium that has yet appeared in print.

Key topics covered include:

  • The history of gum
  • Simple digital negatives for gum, platinum, and cyanotype
  • Preparing supplies
  • Making monochrome, duotone, tricolor, and quadcolor gum prints
  • Printing gum over cyanotype
  • Printing gum over platinum
  • Troubleshooting gum
  • Advice on developing a creative practice

Table of Contents


Section 1: Gum Printing Step-by-Step

Ch 1 The History of Gum Printing

Ch 2 Setting Up the Gum Dimroom

Ch 3 Digital Negatives for Gum

Ch 4 Preparing Supplies

Ch 5 Making the Gum Print

Ch 6 Combining Gum Cyanotype

Ch 7 Combining Gum with Platinum

Ch 8 Troubleshooting Gum

Ch 9 Advice on Creative Practice

Section 2: Artists and Their Creative Practice

Ch 10 Contemporary Artists



About the Author

Christina Z. Anderson’s work focuses on the cultural and spiritual landscape expressed in 19th century photographic techniques, primarily gum and casein bichromate. Her work has shown nationally and internationally in over 100 shows and 40 publications. She has authored several books, two of which—The Experimental Photography Workbook and Gum Printing and Other Amazing Contact Printing Processes—have sold worldwide in 40 countries. She is co-author with Samuel Wang, S. Carl King, and Zhong Jianming of Handcrafted: The Art and Practice of the Handmade Print, now in its third printing. Anderson is Associate Professor of Photography at Montana State University, Bozeman. To see her work, visit

About the Series

Alternative Process Photography

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
PHOTOGRAPHY / Techniques / Darkroom
PHOTOGRAPHY / Techniques / General