This book tests the model of civil-military dualism to explain People's Liberation Army's (PLA) political engagement and its loyalty to the party in Maoist China. It explores how the party maintained its control— through penetration of the armed forces or non-intervention and civilian control.
1. Introduction 2. Civil-Military Dualism 3. Military Regionalism and the Gao-Rao Incident 4. Crisis on Lushan 5. Launching the Cultural Revolution 6. Resistance to Power Seizure 7. The Lin Biao Incident 8. The Fall of the Gang of Four 9. Conclusion