Hailstorms : Prediction, Control and Damage Assessment, Second Edition book cover
2nd Edition

Prediction, Control and Damage Assessment, Second Edition

ISBN 9781138047778
Published March 30, 2017 by CRC Press
350 Pages

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Book Description

Each year hailstorm damage to human life, property, livestock, and agriculture is appalling in nature. Broadly, there are two problems related with hailstorms i.e. cloud physics problem of the growth of hailstones and the synoptic problem which relates to the thermodynamic investigation of the conditions that produce hailstorms. Thus, present book discusses climatology, physical properties of hail, measurements, prediction, control and damage assessment. Separate chapter discusses the typical features of hailstorm formation. Forecasters in any part of the world could find fair order of similarity in the synoptic models discussed amongst the four regions of India, with their regions, too.

Table of Contents

Climatology of Hailstorm

Geographical Distribution of Hailstorm

Global Climatology of Severe Hailstorm

Regional Climatology of Hailstorms

Hailstorms over India

Seasonal Variation of Hailstorm in India

Hail Path, Hail Streak and Hailswath

Duration of Hail Fall

Duration of Hail Damage


Classification of Hail


The Shapes of Hailstone

Size of the Hailstone


Hail Sampling and Analysis

Hailstone Sampling

Measurement of Shape and Size of Hail

Instruments Related to Hailfall

Hailstone Examination

Storing of Hail Stones

Aerodynamic Forces, Stability and Position during

Free Fall

Method of obtaining thin Sections

The Structure of Air Bubble and their Significance

The Structure of Ice Portion of Hail

Painter and Schaefer Method for Internal Examination

The Structure of Water Caverns

Convection and Thunderstorm Formation


The Concept of Buoyancy

Computation of Ascending Velocity


Parts of Matured Thunderstorm


Types of Thunderstorms

Movement of Thunderstorm

Hail Growth and Hailstorm

Precipitation Process Chain

Mechanism of Hail Growth

Vertical Wind Shear and Tilt

Commonly used Nomenclatures Related to Hailstorms

Hail Size on surface

Numerical Simulations of Hailstorm

Cave Channel Hypothesis

Echoes Associated with Hailstorm on Radar

Satellite observation of Hailstorm

Structure of Hailstorm

Stability Indices

Pressure and Humidity Dip

Hygrograph Dip

Hailstorm over North-East India

Favorable Conditions for Hailstorm Occurrence

Vertical Wind Shear

Humidity Parameter

Radar Study of Hailstorm over Gauhati

Hailstorm over North West India

Favorable Condition for Hailstorm Occurrence

Vertical Wind Shear

Humidity Parameter

Hailstorm over Central India

Favorable Condition for Hailstorm Occurrence

Vertical Wind Shear

Humidity Parameter

Radar Study of Hailstorm over Kamptee

Hailstorm over South Peninsular India

Favorable Conditions for Hailstorm Occurrence

Vertical Wind Shear

Humidity Parameter

Hailstorm Modification and Control

Sulakvelidze Hypothesis of Hail Control

Seeding in Atmosphere

Seeding Strategy

Seeding Technology

Why Success in Hail Control Mostly Eluded

National Initiative on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) on Hail Control

The Environmental Impact of Using Silver Iodide as a Cloud Seeding Agent

Future Prospects

Damage Due to Hail and Risk Cover

Hail Impact Energy

Damage to Property

Loss of Life

Damage to Automobiles

Damage of Aircrafts

Roof Top Damage by Hail Fall

Protection against Hail Damage to the Crops

Assessing the risk of Hail Damage and Insurance Cover

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Prabhat Kumar was conferred Ph.D.(Mathematics) by Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi for his researches in Fluid Mechanics and Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD). As post-doctoral research fellow of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India, he initiated innovative researches in artificial rain making through MHD. He was also commissioned in Meteorological Branch of Indian Air Force (IAF), wherein he served for 22 years. His glorious IAF tenure included Operational Weather Forecasting at various regions of India. He did Theoretical as well as applied researches and modelling in Mountain Waves at Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi. He was also Senior Instructor, and guided M.Phil and Ph.D in Meteorology at Air Administrative College, Coimbatore – affiliated to Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, India. He is recognized Ph. D guide from the Department of Mathematics and also from the Department of Atmospheric and Space Science, University of Pune, India He is recipient of President of India Medal for meritorious services. He was awarded "Best Application Paper Award" at National Systems Conference, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India. He was guest speaker at University of Melbourn, and at CSIRO, Melbourn, Australia and at Estov University, Budapest, Hungary. His key areas of researches include Mountain Waves, Air Pollution, Thunderstorm, Duststorm and Hailstorm, Tropical Storm and Climate Dynamics.