This book explains the causes of Haiti's underdevelopment caused by the contradictory dynamic or dialectical interaction of external and internal social relations and forces, including class, race, and color relations and forces, and the conflicts they generate among them since 1700. .
Introduction 1. French Merchant Capital and the Making of a Slave Society in Saint-Dominigue 2. Planter Dependency and the Demise of the Slave Regime 3. From Revolutionary Leaders to Ruling Class 4. The Growth of the Peasantry and the Stalemate of the Bourgeoisie 5. State Power, the Color Question, and Foreign Capital 6. Black Nationalism, U.S. Capital, and Underdevelopment, 1946–1986 7. Conclusion