7th Edition

Hammer's German Grammar and Usage

  • Available for pre-order. Item will ship after April 9, 2021
ISBN 9780367150266
April 9, 2021 Forthcoming by Routledge
644 Pages

USD $42.95

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Book Description

Long trusted as the most comprehensive, up-to-date and user-friendly grammar available, Hammer’s German Grammar and Usage provides you with a complete guide to German as it is written and spoken today.

In a revised layout to improve ease of consultation, this new edition includes:

  • concise descriptions of the main grammatical phenomena of German and their use
  • completely reorganized tables of grammatical features
  • examples of grammar taken from contemporary German, helping you to understand the underlying grammatical principles more quickly
  • invaluable guidance on pronunciation and word stress
  • discussion of new words from English roots, helping you to communicate in German as Germans do today
  • clarification on current spellings of German with full detail on the most recent revisions to the rules
  • list of useful internet resources for students, teachers and all learners of German

Praised for its lucid explanations, this new edition explains and clearly distinguishes formal and informal spoken and written usage. Hammer’s German Grammar offers you a combination of reference grammar and manual of current usage that you will find invaluable, whether a student or a teacher, at intermediate or advanced level.

Table of Contents


List of tables

Abbreviations and points for the user

Preface to the seventh edition


The phonetic alphabet

1 Nouns

1.1 Noun gender

1.2 Noun plurals

1.3 The declension of nouns to show case

2 Case

2.1 The nominative case

2.2 The accusative case

2.3 The genitive case

2.4 Genitive case or von?

2.5 The dative case

2.6 Apposition

2.7 Measurement phrases: genitive, von or apposition?

3 Personal pronouns

3.1 The forms of the personal pronouns

3.2 Reflexive and reciprocal pronouns

3.3 Pronouns of address

3.4 Third person pronouns

3.5 The prepositional adverb

3.6 The pronoun es

4 The articles

4.1 The declension of the articles

4.2 The definite article with abstract and similar nouns

4.3 The use of articles in generalizations

4.4 Articles with geographical and other proper names

4.5 The use of articles in time expressions

4.6 Definite article or possessive?

4.7 Other uses of the definite article

4.8 The ‘zero article’

4.9 Article use with phrasal verbs

4.10 Article use with prepositions

5 Other determiners and pronouns

5.1 Demonstratives

5.2 Possessives

5.3 Interrogatives

5.4 Relative pronouns

5.5 Indefinites, quantifiers and other determiners and pronouns

6 Adjectives

6.1 Declension and use of adjectives

6.2 Adjectives used as nouns

6.3 Cases with adjectives

6.4 Adjectives with prepositions

6.5 Comparison of adjectives

7 Adverbs

7.1 Adverbs of place

7.2 Adverbs of direction: hin and her

7.3 Adverbs of time

7.4 Adverbs of manner, viewpoint, attitude and reason

7.5 Adverbs of degree

7.6 Interrogative adverbs

7.7 Comparison of adverbs

8 Numerals

8.1 Cardinal numbers

8.2 Ordinal numbers

8.3 Fractions and decimals

8.4 Other numerical usages

8.5 Times and dates

8.6 Addresses

9 Modal particles

9.1 German modal particles

10 Verbs: conjugation

10.1 Verb conjugation

10.2 The simple tenses, the non-finite forms and the imperative

10.3 The compound tenses

10.4 The werden-passive and the sein-passive

10.5 The subjunctive

10.6 Forms of strong and irregular verbs

11 The infinitive and the participles

11.1 Forms of the infinitive

11.2 The infinitive with zu

11.3 The infinitive without zu

11.4 Infinitives used as nouns

11.5 The present and past participles

11.6 English constructions with the ‘-ing’ form

12 The tenses

12.1 The present tense

12.2 The past and perfect tenses

12.3 The future and future perfect tenses

12.4 The pluperfect tense

12.5 German equivalents for the English progressive tenses

13 The passive

13.1 The werden-passive

13.2 The sein-passive

13.3 von and durch with the passive

13.4 Other passive constructions

14 Mood: the imperative and the subjunctive

14.1 Commands and the imperative

14.2 The subjunctive: forms and uses

14.3 Conditional sentences

14.4 Indirect speech

14.5 Other uses of the subjunctive

15 The modal auxiliaries

15.1 The modal auxiliaries: form and syntax

15.2 dürfen

15.3 können

15.4 mögen

15.5 müssen

15.6 sollen

15.7 wollen

16 Verbs: valency

16.1 Valency, complements and sentence patterns

16.2 The subject

16.3 The accusative object

16.4 The dative object

16.5 Prepositional objects

16.6 Predicate complements

16.7 Genitive objects

16.8 Locative complements

17 Conjunctions and subordination

17.1 Coordinating conjunctions

17.2 Noun clauses

17.3 Conjunctions of time

17.4 Causal conjunctions

17.5 Conjunctions of purpose and result

17.6 Concessive conjunctions

17.7 Conjunctions of manner and degree

18 Prepositions

18.1 Prepositions governing the accusative case

18.2 Prepositions governing the dative case

18.3 Prepositions governing the accusative or the dative case

18.4 Prepositions governing the genitive case

18.5 German equivalents for English ‘to’

19 Word order

19.1 Clause structure and the position of the verb

19.2 Initial position in main clause statements

19.3 The order of other elements in the sentence

19.4 The order of noun and pronoun subject and objects

19.5 The place and order of adverbials

19.6 The position of nicht

19.7 The position of verb complements

19.8 Elements following the final verbal bracket: the Nachfeld

20 Word formation

20.1 Methods of word formation

20.2 The formation of nouns

20.3 The formation of adjectives

20.4 Verb formation: general

20.5 Inseparable verb prefixes

20.6 Separable verb prefixes

20.7 Variable verb prefixes

20.8 Verb formation by means other than prefixes

21 Spelling, pronunciation and punctuation

21.1 Spelling and pronunciation

21.2 Capital letters

21.3 One word or two?

21.4 Other points of spelling

21.5 Commas

21.6 Other punctuation marks

List of sources

Bibliography and references



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Martin Durrell is Emeritus Professor of German at the University of Manchester, UK.