2nd Edition

Handbook for Critical Cleaning Cleaning Agents and Systems, Second Edition

Edited By Barbara Kanegsberg, Ed Kanegsberg Copyright 2011
    560 Pages 160 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    560 Pages 160 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Cleaning Agents and Systems is the first volume in the Handbook for Critical Cleaning, Second Edition.

    Should you clean your product during manufacturing? If so, when and how? Cleaning is essential for proper performance, optimal quality, and increased sales. Inadequate cleaning of product elements can lead to catastrophic failure of the entire system and serious hazards to individuals and the general public.

    Gain a competitive edge with proven cleaning and contamination-control strategies

    A decade after the bestselling original, the Handbook for Critical Cleaning, Second Edition helps manufacturers meet today’s challenges, providing practical information and perspective about cleaning chemistries, equipment, processes, and applications. With 90% new or revised chapters plus supplementary online material, the handbook has grown into two comprehensive volumes: Cleaning Agents and Systems and Applications, Processes, and Controls.

    Helping manufacturers become more efficient and productive, these books:

    • Show how to increase profitability and meet both existing and expected product demand
    • Clarify the sea of print and Internet information about cleaning chemistries and techniques
    • Address challenges of performance, miniaturization, and cost, as well as regulatory and supply chain pressures
    • Offer clearly written guidance from the viewpoints of more than 70 leading industry contributors in technical, management, academic, and regulatory disciplines

    Overview chapters by the editors, industry icons Barbara and Ed Kanegsberg, meld the different viewpoints and compile and critique the options. The result is a complete, cohesive, balanced perspective that helps manufacturers better select, implement, and maintain a quality, value-added cleaning process.

    The first volume, Handbook for Critical Cleaning: Cleaning Agents and Systems, gives manufacturers a practical understanding of the variety and functions of cleaning chemistries and cleaning, rinsing, and drying equipment. Topics include aqueous, solvent, and "non-chemical" approaches. Readers can compare process costs, performance, and regulatory issues, and then choose their best option.

    Part I: Cleaning Agents

    Cleaning Agents: Overview, B. Kanegsberg

    Aqueous Cleaning Essentials, M. Beeks and D. Keller

    Cleaning Agent Chemistry, J. Quitmeyer

    Solvents and Solubility, J. Burke

    Hydrofluoroethers, J.G. Owens

    Hydrofluorocarbons, J.E. Bartelt and A. Merchant

    n-Propyl Bromide, J. Dingess, R. Morford, and R.L. Shubkin

    Vapor Degreasing with Traditional Chlorinated Solvents, S.P. Risotto

    D-Limonene: A Safe and Versatile Naturally Occurring Alternative Solvent, R. Gustafson

    Benzotrifluorides, P.D Skelly


    Part II: Cleaning Systems

    Cleaning Equipment: Overview, B. Kanegsberg

    The Fundamental Theory and Application of Ultrasonics for Cleaning, F.J. Fuchs

    Ultrasonic Cleaning Mechanism, S.B. Awad

    Ultrasonic Cleaning with Two Frequencies, K.R. Gopi and S.B. Awad

    Megasonic Cleaning Action, M. Beck

    Snap, Crackle, or Pop: How Do Bubbles Sound? M. Hodnett

    Principles and Quantitative Measurements of Cavitation, L. Azar

    Equipment Design, E.W. Lamm

    From Laboratory Cleaning to Production Cleaning, R. Baldwin

    Cold and Heated Batch: Solvent Cleaning Systems, P. D. Skelly

    Flushing: A Dynamic Learning Process in Soils, Chemistry, and Equipment, R. Petrulio

    Solvent Vapor Degreasing: Minimizing Waste Streams, J. McChesney

    Vapor Degreaser Retrofitting, A. Gillman

    Enclosed Cleaning Systems, D. Gray and J. Durkee

    Organic Solvent Cleaning: Solvent and Vapor Phase Equipment Overview, W.L. Mouser

    Overview to "Nonchemical" Cleaning, E. Kanegsberg

    Cleaning with Micro Sandblasters, J. Swan

    Cleaning with Carbon Dioxide Snow, R. Sherman

    Cleaning with Dense-Phase CO2: Liquid CO2, Supercritical CO2, and CO2 Snow, W.M. Nelson

    Gas Plasma: A Dry Process for Cleaning and Surface Treatment, K. Sautter and W. Moffat

    Superheated, High-Pressure Steam Vapor Cleaning, M. Friedheim and J. Gonzalez

    Making Decisions About Water and Wastewater Processes, J.F. Russo

    Overview of Drying: Drying After Solvent Cleaning and Fixturing, B. Kanegsberg

    Drying, D.J. VanderPyl

    Liquid Displacement Drying Techniques, P. Dale and R. Polhamus


    Glossary of Terms and Acronyms


    Barbara Kanegsberg is president of BFK Solutions LLC, Pacific Palisades, California, an independent consulting company established in 1994. BFK Solutions is the industry leader in critical cleaning. As a recognized consultant in the areas of critical cleaning, contamination control, surface quality, and process validation, she helps companies optimize manufacturing cleaning processes, improve yield, resolve regulatory issues, and maintain trouble-free production. She has participated in projects that include aerospace/military equipment, electronics assembly, medical devices, engineered coatings, metals, pump repair, and optical and nanotechnological devices. She has also participated in a number of product development- and intellectual property-related projects for manufacturers of cleaning chemicals and industrial equipment. Barbara is a recipient of the U.S. EPA Stratospheric Ozone Protection Award for her achievements in implementing effective, environment-friendly manufacturing processes. She has numerous publications to her credit in the areas of surface preparation, contamination control, critical cleaning, method validation, analytical techniques, and regulatory issues.


    Ed Kanegsberg is the vice president of BFK Solutions, Pacific Palisades, California. He is also a chemical physicist and engineer who troubleshoots and solves manufacturing production problems. Ed is a recognized advisor and consultant in the areas of industrial cleaning process design and process performance. He uses his four decades of practical experience along with his background in physics and engineering to help companies solve production problems and optimize their cleaning and contamination control processes.

    … an excellent resource for the manufacturer and for those researchers and consultants like myself who support the manufacturers. … This Handbook's strongest suit is the presentation of the Kanegsbergs’ philosophy of process development and improvement. … they have produced a very useful resource in these two handbooks.
    —Darren Williams, Controlled Environments Magazine, Mar 1, 2012

    Mazel tov on your new edition!!! I really didn't know what to expect from a ‘cleaning’ book. So surprised—it is an incredible treasure trove of information!! It is really interesting, beautifully written and honestly I can't stop reading it. Thankfully it is two volumes so Scott and I don't have to fight over it. Really, it is the most fascinating technical book I've ever seen so it should fly off the shelves-or the Internet.
    —Debra Kimless-Garber MD, Scott Garber MD, DIFLUOREX

    ... a tour de force, a work written by experts who have worked at the interface between science and industry and who write from that basis, not from an ivory tower. The price of these two formidable volumes is not insignificant. But set against the cost of defective production, just for one hour’s downtime or components having to be re-worked or completely rejected, it is an investment that will pay for itself many times over. On that basis, one is more than happy to strongly recommend it.
    —Anselm Kuhn, Galvanotechnik, July 2011

    There are a number of excellent chapters specific to electronics applications; these include materials, equipment, processes and failure modes. Cleaning printed board assemblies for selected applications is on the increase where no clean has quite rightly dominated the market place for many years since the demise of CFC’s. There are many reasons why cleaning is a hot topic again and a great time for the release of an encyclopaedia on cleaning.
    —Bob Willis, Global SMT & Packaging Magazine, July 2011

    Any firm serious about managing its cleaning operations should have this book available to their staff responsible for that operation. It’s a strong contribution to the technical literature supporting industrial cleaning because of the diversity of its coverage and strengths of many chapters, …. Every chapter is replete with references—something not provided with a Google (or other search engine) Internet search.
    —John Durkee, Metal Finishing Magazine, August 2011

    Industry expert Ed Kanegsberg discusses the necessity for cleaning prior to manufacturing