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1st Edition

Handbook of Approach and Avoidance Motivation

Edited By

Andrew J. Elliot




ISBN 9780805860191
Published May 20, 2008 by Psychology Press
682 Pages

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Book Description

Of the many conceptual distinctions present in psychology today, the approach-avoidance distinction stands out as one of, if not the, most fundamental and basic. The distinction between approach and avoidance motivation has a venerable history, not only within but beyond scientific psychology, and the deep utility of this distinction is clearly evident across theoretical traditions, disciplines, and content areas. This volume is designed to illustrate and highlight the central importance of this distinction, to serve as a one-stop resource for scholars working in this area, and to facilitate integration among researchers and theorists with an explicit or implicit interest in approach and avoidance motivation.

The main body of this volume is organized according to seven broad sections that represent core areas of interest in the study of approach and avoidance motivation, including neurophysiology and neurobiology, and evaluative processes. Each section contains a minimum of four chapters that cover a specific aspect of approach and avoidance motivation. The broad applicability of the approach-avoidance distinction makes this Handbook an essential resource for researchers, theorists, and students of social psychology and related disciplines.

Table of Contents

Part 1 Introduction; Introduction and Overview; Chapter 01 Approach and Avoidance Motivation, Andrew J. Elliot; Part 03 Neurophysiology and Neurobiology; Brain Systems and Mechanisms; Chapter 02 Emotional Processing and Motivation: In Search of Brain Mechanisms, Christopher K. Cain, Joseph E. LeDoux; Cortical Asymmetry; Chapter 03 Effects of Early Experience on the Development of Cerebral Asymmetry and Approach–Withdrawal, Nathan A. Fox, Bethany C. Reeb; Cortex-Reflex Connections; Chapter 04 Appetitive and Defensive Motivation Is the Substrate of Emotion, Peter J. Lang, Margaret M. Bradley; Subcortical Processes; Chapter 05 Dopamine and SEEKING: Subcortical “Reward” Systems and Appetitive Urges, Jaak Panksepp, Joseph Moskal; Neurotransmitters; Chapter 06 An Accumbens Dopamine–Acetylcholine System for Approach and Avoidance, Bartley G. Hoebel, Nicole M. Avena, Pedro Rada; Hormones; Chapter 07 The Role and Mechanisms of Steroid Hormones in Approach–Avoidance Behavior, Cheryl A. Frye, Madeline E. Rhodes; Olfaction; Chapter 08 Development of Olfactory Modulated Approach and Avoidance Motivated Behaviors, Regina M. Sullivan, Donna J. Toufexis, Donald A. Wilson; Part 11 Basic Dispositions, Goals, and States; Basic Personality Dispositions; Chapter 09 Basic Personality Dispositions Related to Approach and Avoidance: Extraversion/Neuroticism, BAS/BIS, and Positive/Negative Affectivity, Randy J. Larsen, Adam A. Augustine; Basic Dispositions in Nonhuman Animals; Chapter 10 Individual Differences in Approach and Avoidance Motivation in Animals, Amanda C. Jones, Samuel D. Gosling; Behavioral Genetics; Chapter 11 Genetic Influences on Individual Differences in Approach and Avoidance, H. Hill Goldsmith, Kathryn Lemery-Chalfant; Social Motives and Goals; Chapter 12 Making Connections and Avoiding Loneliness: Approach and Avoidance Social Motives and Goals, Shelly L. Gable, Elliot T. Berkman; Achievement Motives and Goals; Chapter 13 Approach and Avoidance Motivation in the Achieve

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Editor(s)

Biography

Andrew J. Elliot

Reviews

'Elliot's Handbook is the A to Z of approach and avoidance. The list of authors reads like a 'who's who' of the very best leaders in psychology and neuroscience today. The topics include brain mechanisms of fear and desire, basic elements of emotion and personality, evaluation and self-regulation, and social and achievement motives. Everything one could want in an up-to-date analysis of motivation and emotion is here. In short, the Handbook is sure to be required reading for anyone who wants to understand feelings or motives.' -- Kent Berridge, Ph.D., Professor of Psychology, University of Michigan, USA

'A clear understanding of the approach-avoidance distinction is as important in setting the scientific course for psychology as determination of the periodic table was for chemistry. This enormously ambitious book, containing work by the leading scholars in the field, is a landmark effort in reaching that goal.' -- Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, Ph.D., Professor of Psychology, Claremont Graduate University, USA

'Approach and avoidance motivation are central to key issues at all levels in the biobehavioral sciences. This Handbook brings all of these levels together for the first time, and does so in impressive fashion. It is a comprehensive, essential resource for all students of motivation in the social sciences, psychology, and neuroscience.' -- Richard J. Davidson, Professor of Psychology and Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA