This Handbook looks at how China is governed, how its domestic political system functions and the critical issues that it currently faces. Governed by the world’s largest political party in the world’s longest-ruling Communist regime, China is undergoing a transitional period of rapid economic and social development. How this period is managed will have significant implications for the Chinese state and its population concerning China’s governance structures and economy, as well as the country’s justice, public health, education and internal/external security concerns. This transition to a modern state is not without its challenges – particularly in terms of how the Chinese state deals with diverse issues such as social inequality, corruption, separatism, increasing individualism and political reform. China’s governance and domestic politics also have possible major global consequences, especially in the context of China's continued rise within the international system. This Handbook will improve understandings of the core national dynamics of this rise and, as levels of international interdependence with China increase, can offer vital insights concerning China's domestic attributes. Gaining a better knowledge of China's internal workings can also help readers to better appreciate the multiple and varied problems that China’s leaders will face in the coming decades. Critically, many of the core internal issues facing China also have potential external repercussions, principally in terms of rising social unrest, nationalism, environmental degradation, resource shortages and attitudes towards globalization. This book covers these issues and will help readers to fully comprehend China’s ongoing contemporary global significance.
List of Tables and Figures List of Contributors Abbreviations Preface: The Importance of China Chris Ogden Part 1: Organizational Principles 1. The CCP and the One-Party State Kerry Brown 2. State Conceptions & Governance Structures Bo Zhiyue 3. The Role of the PLA Dennis J. Blasko Part 2: Policy Areas 4. Economics Hongyi Lai 5. Justice Margaret Woo – NorthEastern University 6. Public Health and Social Policy Jane Duckett 7. Education and Culture Janette Ryan 8. Internal Security Murray Scot Tanner 9. Defence and Foreign Affairs Jingdong Yuan Part 3: Political Processes 10. Political Representation Tony Saich 11. Political Participation Baogang He 12. Political Opposition Merle Goldman 13. Centre-Local Relations Linda Li 14. Nationalism Elena Barabantseva Part 4: Contemporary Issues 15. Social Change and Inequality Kun-Chin Lin and Tao Ran 16. Corruption Andrew Wedeman 17. Human Rights Robert Weatherley 18. Environmental Degradation Elizabeth C. Economy 19. Social Unrest Marie-Eve Reny and Bill Hurst 20. Separatism Michael E. Clarke 21. Resource Shortages Lei Shen, Tian-Ming Gao and Li Gao 22. Media and the Internet Gary Tang and Simon Shen 23. Globalization and Individualism Doug Guthrie Conclusions: China’s Transition and the World Chris Ogden Bibliography