In a relatively short period of time, the study of China’s international relations has gone from being a topic that interested a fairly small group of scholars and analysts to one that is close to – if not actually at – the centre of academic and policy agendas. Moreover, it is not just the importance of these relations that have changed, but also their type and scale. China’s relations with the USA and questions of ‘great power’ politics may continue to dominate, with relations with the rest of Asia coming a close second; but economic interactions, and their political consequences, with countries in Latin America, the Middle East and Africa are also becoming increasingly important, and have implications far beyond the price and distribution of key commodities.
Following an introductory overview of the nature of China’s international relations and diplomacy, this handbook is divided into three main sections:
Part I: Ideas and Interests – changes in theoretical thinking on international relations in China; how ideas are transmitted into the policy-making community; the role of public opinion.
Part II: Issues – major concerns and objectives that shape China’s international relations; historical legacies; sovereignty; energy; human rights; peace-keeping and international responsibility; military modernization.
Part III: Relations – case studies of relations with the USA, Japan, East Asia, Europe, the Shanghai Co-operation Organization, the Middle East, Africa, Latin America, South Asia and Australasia.
For some, China’s rise suggests an inexorable momentum towards instability and conflict. Conversely, others (including most of the authors in this handbook) point to the steps China has taken to conform to existing norms and expectations of ‘great power’ responsibility. In spite of these disagreements, there seems to be a growing consensus that how China defines and pursues its national interests will become the key determinant of how the global system evolves in the future.
1 Introduction: China’s new diplomacy: old wine in a new bottle? Jean-Pierre Cabestan PART I Ideas and interests 2 Researching international relations in China: from security to international political economy Wang Zhengyi 3 Policy-making processes of Chinese foreign policy: the role of policy communities and think tanks Quansheng Zhao 4 Popular participation: civil society, diverse publics and internet in response to Chinese diplomacy Simon Shen PART II Issues 5 Keeping the past alive: the use of history in China’s foreign relations Christian A. Hess 6 On being sovereign during a time of increased interdependence: China’s evolving approach to sovereignty and its implications for Chinese foreign relations Allen Carlson 7 Oiling the wheels of foreign policy? Energy security and China’s international relations Zha Daojiong and Shaun Breslin 8 Human rights and China’s international relations Rosemary Foot 9 China’s soft power diplomacy in the 21st century Kerry Brown 10 China and global governance: status quo power or challenge to the global order? Giovanni B. Andornino 11 Integrating into the international community? Chinese peace-keeping operations Shogo Suzuki 12 Modernizing the People’s Liberation Army: aims and implications Tai Ming Cheung PART III Relations 13 Less beautiful, still somewhat imperialist: Beijing eyes Sino-US relations Gregory J. Moore 14 China and Japan: between co-operation and competition Reinhard Drifte 15 China’s ‘backyard’: relations with the Korean Peninsula and Southeast Asia Robert G. Sutter 16 China’s relations with Europe: towards a ‘normal’ relationship? Chen Zhimin and John Armstrong 17 Security, strategy and the former USSR: China and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Marc Lanteigne 18 Playing by the rules? Sino-Middle Eastern relations Muhamad Olimat 19 A challenge to the global liberal order? the growing Chinese relationship with Africa Ian Taylor 20 China’s deepening ties with Latin America: a work in progress Riordan Roett 21 South Asia in China’s strategic calculus David Scott 22 Looking south: China’s Oceanic relations Nicholas Thomas Bibliography Index