1st Edition

Handbook of Drought and Water Scarcity Environmental Impacts and Analysis of Drought and Water Scarcity

Edited By Saeid Eslamian, Faezeh Eslamian Copyright 2016
    704 Pages 121 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    This volume includes over 30 chapters, written by experts from around the world. It examines the environmental aspects of drought such as groundwater and soil contamination, river low-flow, urban water quality, and desertification. It also examines the effects of climate change and variability on drought, and discusses the differences in groundwater, rainfall, and temperatures and their related effects. It presents analytical modeling for better understanding drought in uncertain and changing climates.



    1 Drought Vulnerability

    Chandrashekhar Bhuiyan

    2 Drought Impacts on Urbanization

    Shafi Noor Islam and Samina Mazumder Tuli

    3 Environmental Impacts of Drought on Desertification Classification

    Nicolas R. Dalezios and Saeid Eslamian

    4 Climate Parameter Variability

    Marco Casazza

    5 Climate Change Impact on Urban Water Deficit

    Sara Nazif, Hamed Tavakolifar, and Saeid Eslamian

    6 Climate Change Impacts on and Adaptation to Groundwater

    Shamsuddin Shahid, Mahiuddin Alamgir, Xiao-jun Wang, and Saeid Eslamian

    7 Climate Change Impacts on Precipitation and Temperature

    Marina Baldi

    8 Minimizing the Impacts of Drought

    Oluwagbenga O.I. Orimoogunje and Saeid Eslamian

    9 Climate Change and Drought: Building Resilience for an Unpredictable Future

    Hamideh Maleksaeidi, Marzieh Keshavarz, Ezatollah Karami, and Saeid Eslamian

    10 Sustainable Agriculture: Building Social-Ecological Resilience

    Mohammad Naser Reyhani, Saeid Eslamian, and Alireza Davari

    11 Drought and Water Quality

    Theodore C. Crusberg and Saeid Eslamian

    12 Securing Water Pollution

    Marine Nalbandyan

    13 Conjunctive Use of Water Reuse in Drought

    Katherine Y. Bell, Robert Bastian, and Jennifer A. Gelmini

    14 Criteria for Wastewater Treatment and Reuse under Water Scarcity

    Miquel Salgot, Gideon Oron, Giuseppe L. Cirelli, Nicolas R. Dalezios, Amelia Díaz, and Andreas N. Angelakis

    15 Drought and Groundwater Quality in Coastal Areas

    Yohannes Yihdego

    16 Contamination of Groundwater in Arid and Semiarid Lands

    Noureddine Gaaloul, Saeid Eslamian, and Benoit Laignel

    17 Sanitation in Drought

    Bosun Banjoko and Saeid Eslamian

    18 Environmental Flows Assessment in Scarce Water Resources

    Alireza Davari, Ali Bagheri, Mohammad Naser Reyhani, and Saeid Eslamian

    19 Low Flow and Instream Flow Requirements

    Salvatore Alecci and Giuseppe Rossi

    20 Streamflow Quality in Low-Flow Conditions

    Qin Qian and Saeid Eslamian

    21 River Sediment in Low Flow Condition

    Nazanin Mohammadzade Miyab, Saeid Eslamian, and Nicolas R. Dalezios

    22 Impact of Overexploitation of Water Resources on Ecohydrological Change in China

    Tadanobu Nakayama

    23 Crop Insurance in Drought Conditions

    C. Dionisio Pérez-Blanco, Gonzalo Delacámara, C. Mario Gómez, and Saeid Eslamian

    24 Biotechnology for Drought Improvement

    Danial Kahrizi, Kasra Esfehani, Ali Ashraf Mehrabi, Matin Ghaheri, Zahra Azizi Aram, Solmaz Khosravi, and Saeid Eslamian

    25 Water Issues from a System Dynamics Perspective

    Peter Wade and Saeid Eslamian

    26 Rainwater Harvesting in Arid Regions of Australia

    Ataur Rahman, Evan Hajani, and Saeid Eslamian

    27 Water Conservation Techniques

    Meysam Malekian Jabali, Saeid Okhravi, Saeid Eslamian, and Saeed Gohari

    28 Food Security and Nutrition Policy

    Shafi Noor Islam, Sandra Reinstädtler, Maria Aparecida de SáXavier, and Albrecht Gnauck

    29 Soil Contaminations in Arid and Semiarid Land

    Saumitra Mukherjee, Kamana Yadav, and Saeid Eslamian

    30 Water Scarcity and Sustainable Urban Green Landscape

    Soleyman Dayani, Mohammad R. Sabzalian, Mahdi Hadipour, and Saeid Eslamian

    31 Drought in Lake Urmia

    Saeid Okhravi, Saeid Eslamian, and Saleh Tarkesh Esfahany

    32 Interbasin Transfers of Water: Zayandeh-Rud River Basin

    Alireza Gohari, Mohammad Javad Zareian, Saeid Eslamian, and Rouzbeh Nazari

    33 Environmental Evaluation: Lessons Learned from Case Studies

    Bosun Banjoko and Saeid Eslamian

    34 Paleo-Drought: Measurements and Analysis

    Dinara Abbasova, Saeid Eslamian, and Rouzbeh Nazari



    Dr. Saeid Eslamian is professor of Hydrology at Isfahan University of Technology, where he heads the Hydrology Research Group in the Department of Water Engineering. His research focuses mainly on statistical and environmental hydrology and climate change. In particular, he is working on modeling and prediction of natural hazards including flood, drought, storms, wind, groundwater drawdown, and pollution for arid and semi-arid zones, particularly in urban areas. He is also a Visiting Professor at Princeton University, and University of ETH Zurich, Switzerland.

    He has contributed to more than 300 publications in books, research journals, and technical reports or papers in conferences. He is the Founder and Editor-in-Chief of both the International Journal of Hydrology Science and Technology and the Journal of Flood Engineering. He received ASCE and EWRI awards in 2009 and 2010 for his research.

    Faezeh A. Eslamian is a PhD candidate of bioresource engineering and research assistant at McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. She is currently working on the fate and transport of phosphorus through subsurface drained farmlands. Dr. Eslamian completed her bachelor’s and master’s degrees in civil and environmental engineering from Isfahan University of Technology, Iran, where she evaluated natural and low-cost absorbents for the removal of pollutants such as textile dyes and heavy metals. Furthermore, she has conducted research on the worldwide water quality standards, wastewater reuse, and drought guidelines.

    "The effect of drought on agricultural productivity is widely recognized, but the social, political, and psychological effects of drought may be just as important, especially in a world that is moving towards greater urbanization. The papers in this book discuss the broader aspects of drought, with a view towards the future in an uncertain world."
    —Richard McCuen, University of Maryland, USA

    "The three-volume Handbook of Drought and Water Scarcity, edited by Saeid Eslamian, provides a unique synthesis of the recent state of knowledge, which has been fundamental for the development strategies and methodology of achieving the sustainable future we want."
    —Maciej Zalewski, University of Lodz, Poland

    "This handbook provides a welcome addition to the literature on drought and water scarcity. Each of the 102 chapters in this three-volume handbook addresses a different issue of water resource management during periods of drought and water scarcity. Hence, a water resource manager should be able to find discussion relevant to resolution of their resource management problem. My congratulations on the production of a handbook that is a most welcome addition to the literature on this topic."
    — James E Ball, University of Technology Sydney, Australia

    "The Handbook of Drought and Water Scarcity includes a wide range of topics that will be an essential addition to professionals regarding the underlying concepts and techniques behind drought occurrence, its characterization, impacts, and consequences, and planning and management aspects. A valuable handbook for libraries worldwide."
    —Jose D. Salas, Colorado State University, USA

    "This three volume set is a comprehensive treatment on this complex and important subject. It presents the definition of drought and its indices used for various sectors, the effects of a changing climate and ocean oscillations on drought, advanced methods for forecasting its progression, modeling its impacts on environmental, economic, agricultural, and social conditions, and mitigation methods and strategies, including technology, law, policy, and education."
    — Emery Coppola Jr., NOAH LLC, Lawrenceville, New Jersey, USA

    "This three volume set presents the most current developments in the theoretical and practical aspects of forecasting and monitoring droughts, assessing their consequences in many areas and developing optimal management strategies to lower or even avoid their negative effects in all areas of the environment, economy and our life."
    —Ferenc Szidarovszky, The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA