This volume includes over 30 chapters, written by experts from around the world. It examines the environmental aspects of drought such as groundwater and soil contamination, river low-flow, urban water quality, and desertification. It also examines the effects of climate change and variability on drought, and discusses the differences in groundwater, rainfall, and temperatures and their related effects. It presents analytical modeling for better understanding drought in uncertain and changing climates.
Table of Contents
1 Drought Vulnerability
2 Drought Impacts on Urbanization
Shafi Noor Islam and Samina Mazumder Tuli
3 Environmental Impacts of Drought on Desertification Classification
Nicolas R. Dalezios and Saeid Eslamian
4 Climate Parameter Variability
5 Climate Change Impact on Urban Water Deficit
Sara Nazif, Hamed Tavakolifar, and Saeid Eslamian
6 Climate Change Impacts on and Adaptation to Groundwater
Shamsuddin Shahid, Mahiuddin Alamgir, Xiao-jun Wang, and Saeid Eslamian
7 Climate Change Impacts on Precipitation and Temperature
8 Minimizing the Impacts of Drought
Oluwagbenga O.I. Orimoogunje and Saeid Eslamian
9 Climate Change and Drought: Building Resilience for an Unpredictable Future
Hamideh Maleksaeidi, Marzieh Keshavarz, Ezatollah Karami, and Saeid Eslamian
10 Sustainable Agriculture: Building Social-Ecological Resilience
Mohammad Naser Reyhani, Saeid Eslamian, and Alireza Davari
11 Drought and Water Quality
Theodore C. Crusberg and Saeid Eslamian
12 Securing Water Pollution
13 Conjunctive Use of Water Reuse in Drought
Katherine Y. Bell, Robert Bastian, and Jennifer A. Gelmini
14 Criteria for Wastewater Treatment and Reuse under Water Scarcity
Miquel Salgot, Gideon Oron, Giuseppe L. Cirelli, Nicolas R. Dalezios, Amelia Díaz, and Andreas N. Angelakis
15 Drought and Groundwater Quality in Coastal Areas
16 Contamination of Groundwater in Arid and Semiarid Lands
Noureddine Gaaloul, Saeid Eslamian, and Benoit Laignel
17 Sanitation in Drought
Bosun Banjoko and Saeid Eslamian
18 Environmental Flows Assessment in Scarce Water Resources
Alireza Davari, Ali Bagheri, Mohammad Naser Reyhani, and Saeid Eslamian
19 Low Flow and Instream Flow Requirements
Salvatore Alecci and Giuseppe Rossi
20 Streamflow Quality in Low-Flow Conditions
Qin Qian and Saeid Eslamian
21 River Sediment in Low Flow Condition
Nazanin Mohammadzade Miyab, Saeid Eslamian, and Nicolas R. Dalezios
22 Impact of Overexploitation of Water Resources on Ecohydrological Change in China
23 Crop Insurance in Drought Conditions
C. Dionisio Pérez-Blanco, Gonzalo Delacámara, C. Mario Gómez, and Saeid Eslamian
24 Biotechnology for Drought Improvement
Danial Kahrizi, Kasra Esfehani, Ali Ashraf Mehrabi, Matin Ghaheri, Zahra Azizi Aram, Solmaz Khosravi, and Saeid Eslamian
25 Water Issues from a System Dynamics Perspective
Peter Wade and Saeid Eslamian
26 Rainwater Harvesting in Arid Regions of Australia
Ataur Rahman, Evan Hajani, and Saeid Eslamian
27 Water Conservation Techniques
Meysam Malekian Jabali, Saeid Okhravi, Saeid Eslamian, and Saeed Gohari
28 Food Security and Nutrition Policy
Shafi Noor Islam, Sandra Reinstädtler, Maria Aparecida de SáXavier, and Albrecht Gnauck
29 Soil Contaminations in Arid and Semiarid Land
Saumitra Mukherjee, Kamana Yadav, and Saeid Eslamian
30 Water Scarcity and Sustainable Urban Green Landscape
Soleyman Dayani, Mohammad R. Sabzalian, Mahdi Hadipour, and Saeid Eslamian
31 Drought in Lake Urmia
Saeid Okhravi, Saeid Eslamian, and Saleh Tarkesh Esfahany
32 Interbasin Transfers of Water: Zayandeh-Rud River Basin
Alireza Gohari, Mohammad Javad Zareian, Saeid Eslamian, and Rouzbeh Nazari
33 Environmental Evaluation: Lessons Learned from Case Studies
Bosun Banjoko and Saeid Eslamian
34 Paleo-Drought: Measurements and Analysis
Dinara Abbasova, Saeid Eslamian, and Rouzbeh Nazari
Dr. Saeid Eslamian is professor of Hydrology at Isfahan University of Technology, where he heads the Hydrology Research Group in the Department of Water Engineering. His research focuses mainly on statistical and environmental hydrology and climate change. In particular, he is working on modeling and prediction of natural hazards including flood, drought, storms, wind, groundwater drawdown, and pollution for arid and semi-arid zones, particularly in urban areas. He is also a Visiting Professor at Princeton University, and University of ETH Zurich, Switzerland.
He has contributed to more than 300 publications in books, research journals, and technical reports or papers in conferences. He is the Founder and Editor-in-Chief of both the International Journal of Hydrology Science and Technology and the Journal of Flood Engineering. He received ASCE and EWRI awards in 2009 and 2010 for his research.
Faezeh A. Eslamian is a PhD candidate of bioresource engineering and research assistant at McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. She is currently working on the fate and transport of phosphorus through subsurface drained farmlands. Dr. Eslamian completed her bachelor’s and master’s degrees in civil and environmental engineering from Isfahan University of Technology, Iran, where she evaluated natural and low-cost absorbents for the removal of pollutants such as textile dyes and heavy metals. Furthermore, she has conducted research on the worldwide water quality standards, wastewater reuse, and drought guidelines.
"The effect of drought on agricultural productivity is widely recognized, but the social, political, and psychological effects of drought may be just as important, especially in a world that is moving towards greater urbanization. The papers in this book discuss the broader aspects of drought, with a view towards the future in an uncertain world."
—Richard McCuen, University of Maryland, USA
"The three-volume Handbook of Drought and Water Scarcity, edited by Saeid Eslamian, provides a unique synthesis of the recent state of knowledge, which has been fundamental for the development strategies and methodology of achieving the sustainable future we want."
—Maciej Zalewski, University of Lodz, Poland
"This handbook provides a welcome addition to the literature on drought and water scarcity. Each of the 102 chapters in this three-volume handbook addresses a different issue of water resource management during periods of drought and water scarcity. Hence, a water resource manager should be able to find discussion relevant to resolution of their resource management problem. My congratulations on the production of a handbook that is a most welcome addition to the literature on this topic."
— James E Ball, University of Technology Sydney, Australia
"The Handbook of Drought and Water Scarcity includes a wide range of topics that will be an essential addition to professionals regarding the underlying concepts and techniques behind drought occurrence, its characterization, impacts, and consequences, and planning and management aspects. A valuable handbook for libraries worldwide."
—Jose D. Salas, Colorado State University, USA
"This three volume set is a comprehensive treatment on this complex and important subject. It presents the definition of drought and its indices used for various sectors, the effects of a changing climate and ocean oscillations on drought, advanced methods for forecasting its progression, modeling its impacts on environmental, economic, agricultural, and social conditions, and mitigation methods and strategies, including technology, law, policy, and education."
— Emery Coppola Jr., NOAH LLC, Lawrenceville, New Jersey, USA
"This three volume set presents the most current developments in the theoretical and practical aspects of forecasting and monitoring droughts, assessing their consequences in many areas and developing optimal management strategies to lower or even avoid their negative effects in all areas of the environment, economy and our life."
—Ferenc Szidarovszky, The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA