Handbook of Emergent Methods (Hardback) book cover

Handbook of Emergent Methods

Edited by Sharlene Nagy Hesse-Biber, Patricia Leavy

© 2008 – Guilford Press

740 pages

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About the Book

Social researchers increasingly find themselves looking beyond conventional methods to address complex research questions. The Handbook of Emergent Methods is the first book to comprehensively examine emergent qualitative and quantitative theories and methods across the social and behavioral sciences. Providing scholars and students with a way to retool their research choices, the volume presents cutting-edge approaches to data collection, analysis, and representation. Leading researchers describe alternative uses of traditional quantitative and qualitative tools; innovative hybrid or mixed methods; and new techniques facilitated by technological advances. Consistently formatted chapters explore the strengths and limitations of each method for studying different types of research questions and offer practical, in-depth examples.


"A 'must read' for anyone interested in remaining current with developing research techniques. The book provides a wealth of information regarding innovative approaches that will permit the investigation of novel research questions."--Larry Christensen, Chair, Department of Psychology, University of South Alabama

"In the rapidly changing domain of qualitative methods, this comprehensive handbook places qualitative inquiry in context and provides a much-needed, in-depth view of the latest developments. The book describes the 'roots' of the major qualitative methods and how they are developing, outlines innovations in research design and analysis, and explores the impact that these developments are having on methods per se. Hesse-Biber and Leavy are to be congratulated for bringing together leaders in the field to create this seminal work, which will have a profound impact on qualitative methods."--Janice M. Morse, Professor and Barnes Presidential Endowed Chair, College of Nursing, University of Utah

"Methods determine not only how we see, but also what we can see. This comprehensive handbook details creative new approaches to asking and exploring questions within the social sciences. These approaches offer liberation from the narrowing straits of logical positivistic measurement and quantification, and chart the paths to addressing more socially meaningful questions. They provide means for examining social reality with fresh tools. The range of chapters on different emergent methods will be enlightening to both new and experienced researchers."--Ruthellen Josselson, School of Psychology, Fielding Graduate University

"With contributions from both emerging and established methodological scholars, this innovative, engaging work articulates a view of research less as a linear series of stages than as an unfolding and evolving process. This orientation is in tune with changes in theoretical underpinnings of research that underline many contemporary methodological approaches, including participatory, feminist, and other inclusive approaches. Readers are offered fodder for beginning to think outside of the traditional methodological box and for revitalizing such methods as focus group interviewing and oral history. This book will be of value to both novice and more well-established investigators who wish to pursue their research endeavors more flexibly, reflectively, and inclusively."--Bruce L. Berg, Department of Criminal Justice, California State University, Long Beach

"Hesse-Biber and Leavy's timely and constructive response to the collapse of disciplinary authority and the postmodern challenge in the social sciences does not take an 'anything goes' position. The editors and their collaborators argue for a principled and rational approach to orchestrating research that welcomes and evaluates a bewildering array of emergent methods in the social sciences. This handbook both provides invaluable, specific guidance to researchers and frames the notion of methodological emergence as a theoretical challenge in its own right."--Davydd J. Greenwood, Goldwin Smith Professor of Anthropology, Cornell University

"This is a powerful and valuable work for anyone involved in social science research. Hesse-Biber and Leavy have called together many experienced writers in qualitative methods to explore the emergent methods so critical to the current time. Whether deconstructing document research, arts-based approaches, or historical methods, or extending our understanding of interviewing, performance ethnography, and participatory approaches, all of the chapters provide greater clarity about how we do what we do in the qualitative research community. If their goals were to illuminate, transform, and inspire, these editors and contributors have certainly hit their mark. This book is a gift to both students and teachers of emergent methods."--Valerie J. Janesick, Department of Educational Leadership and Policy Studies, University of South Florida

Table of Contents

Introduction: Pushing on the Methodological Boundaries—The Growing Need for Emergent Methods within and across the Disciplines, Sharlene Nagy Hesse-Biber and Patricia Leavy

I. Historical Context of Emergent Methods and Innovation in the Practice of Research Methods

Introduction to Part I, Patricia Leavy and Sharlene Nagy Hesse-Biber


1. History of Methods in Social Science Research, Karen M. Staller, Ellen Block, and Pilar S. Horner

2. Gender Inclusion, Contextual Values, and Strong Objectivity: Emergent Feminist Methods for Research in the Sciences, Sue V. Rosser

3. A Post-Newtonian, Postmodern Approach to Science: New Methods in Social Action Research, Lisa Cosgrove and Maureen McHugh

4. Emergence in and from Quasi-Experimental Design and Analysis, Melvin M. Mark

Document Research

5. Researching Documents: Emergent Methods, Lindsay Prior

6. Emergent Qualitative Document Analysis, David Altheide, Michael Coyle, Katie DeVriese, and Christopher Schneider

Grounded Theory

7. Grounded Theory as an Emergent Method, Kathy Charmaz


8. New Frontiers in Standardized Survey Interviewing, Frederick G. Conrad and Michael F. Schober

9. Emergent Approaches to Focus Group Research, David Morgan, Collin Fellows, and Heather Guevara

10. Emergent Issues in International Focus Group Discussions, Monique M. Hennink

11. Three Dimensions and More: Oral History Beyond the Paradoxes of Method, Michael Frisch


12. Narrative Ethnography, Jaber F. Gubrium and James A. Holstein

13. Public Ethnography, Carol A. Bailey

14. Emergent Methods in Autoethnographic Research: Autoethnographic Narrative and the Multiethnographic Turn, Christine S. Davis and Carolyn Ellis

15. New Critical Collaborative Ethnography, Himika Bhattacharya

Arts-Based Practice

16. Visual Research Methods: Where Are We and Where Are We Going?, Gunilla Holm

17. Performance-Based Emergent Methods, Patricia Leavy

II. Innovations in Research Methods Design and Analysis

Introduction to Part II, Sharlene Nagy Hesse-Biber

18. Mixing Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches: An Introduction to Emergent Mixed Methods Research, Vicki L. Plano Clark, John W. Creswell, Denise O'Neil Green, and Ronald J. Shope

19. Emergent Techniques in the Gathering and Analysis of Mixed Methods Data, Charles Teddlie, Abbas Tashakkori, and Burke Johnson

20. Data Analysis and Interpretation: Emergent Issues in Linking Qualitative and Quantitative Evidence, Sarah Irwin

21. Longitudinal Research: An Emergent Method in the Social Sciences, Elisabetta Ruspini

22. Categorizing and Connecting Strategies in Qualitative Data Analysis, Joseph A. Maxwell and Barbara A. Miller

23. Metaphor Analysis, Zazie Todd and Simon J. Harrison

24. Hearing Voices: Listening for Multiplicity and Movement in Interview Data, Lynn Sorsoli and Deborah L. Tolman

III. The Impact of Emergent Technologies on Research Methods

Introduction to Part III, Sharlene Nagy Hesse-Biber

25. Internet Research as Emergent Practice, Christine Hine

26. Internet-Mediated Research as an Emergent Method and Its Potential Role in Facilitating Mixed Methods Research, Claire Hewson

27. Hypermedia Methods for Qualitative Research, Bella Dicks & Bruce Mason

28. Mixed Emotions, Mixed Methods: The Role of Emergent Technologies in Studying User Experience in Context, Ingrid Mulder and Joke Kort

29. Emergent Methods in Feminist Geography, Mei-Po Kwan

30. Neural Networks an Emergent Method in Quantitative Research: An Example of Self-Organizing Maps, Natalia Sarkisian

31. User-Centered Perspectives on Qualitative Data Analysis Software: The Impact of Emergent Technologies and Future Trends, Sharlene Nagy Hesse-Biber and Christine Crofts

32. The Role of Computer-Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis: Impact on Emergent Methods in Qualitative Research, Nigel Fielding

About the Editors

Sharlene Nagy Hesse-Biber is Professor of Sociology and Director of Women's Studies at Boston College. She is also the founder and former Executive Director of the National Association for Women in Catholic Higher Education. She has published widely on the impact of sociocultural factors on women's body image, as well as on feminist and qualitative research methods. She is codeveloper of the software program HyperRESEARCH, a computer-assisted program for analyzing qualitative data, and of the new transcription tool HyperTRANSCRIBE. Her article "Qualitative Approaches to Mixed Methods Practice" was the most downloaded article of 2010 in the journal Qualitative Inquiry.

Patricia Leavy, PhD, is an independent sociologist and former Chair of Sociology and Criminology and Founding Director of Gender Studies at Stonehill College in Easton, Massachusetts. She is the author, coauthor, or editor of over 20 books. She is also the creator and editor of seven book series. Known for her commitment to public scholarship, she is frequently contacted by the U.S. national news media and has regular blogs for The Huffington Post, The Creativity Post, and We Are the Real Deal. Dr. Leavy has received numerous awards for her work in the field of research methods, including the New England Sociologist of the Year Award from the New England Sociological Association, the Special Achievement Award from the American Creativity Association, the Egon Guba Memorial Keynote Lecture Award from the American Educational Research Association Qualitative Special Interest Group, and the Special Career Award from the International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry. In 2016, Mogul, a global women's empowerment platform, named her an “Influencer.” Dr. Leavy delivers invited lectures and keynote addresses at universities and conferences. Her website is www.patricialeavy.com.

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