Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics, Volume One Overview and Fundamentals
With major implications for applied physics, engineering, and the natural and social sciences, the rapidly growing area of environmental fluid dynamics focuses on the interactions of human activities, environment, and fluid motion. A landmark for the field, the two-volume Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics presents the basic principles, fundamental flow processes, modeling techniques, and measurement methods used in the study of environmental motions. It also offers critical discussions of environmental sustainability related to engineering.
The handbook features 81 chapters written by 135 renowned researchers from around the world. Covering environmental, policy, biological, and chemical aspects, it tackles important cross-disciplinary topics such as sustainability, ecology, pollution, micrometeorology, and limnology.
Volume One: Overview and Fundamentals provides a comprehensive overview of the basic principles. It starts with general topics that emphasize the relevance of environmental fluid dynamics research in society, public policy, infrastructure, quality of life, security, and the law. It then discusses established and emerging focus areas. The volume also examines the sub-mesoscale flow processes and phenomena that form the building blocks of environmental motions, with emphasis on turbulent motions and their role in heat, momentum, and species transport.
As communities face existential challenges posed by climate change, rapid urbanization, and scarcity of water and energy, the study of environmental fluid dynamics becomes increasingly relevant. This volume is a valuable resource for students, researchers, and policymakers working to better understand the fundamentals of environmental motions and how they affect and are influenced by anthropogenic activities.
Part I Overview and General Topics: Environmental Fluid Dynamics. Research in EFD and Its Policy Implications. Interdisciplinary Dynamics in EFD Research. Climate Change and Its Effects on Environmental Fluid Systems. Sustainability Implications. Air Quality and Management. Forecasting and Management of Coastal Water Quality. Soil and Aquifer Management. Security and Environmental Fluid Dynamics. Large-Scale Disasters. Risk Assessment. Environmental Law. Part II Focus Areas for Study of Natural Systems: Physical Limnology. Microbial and Ecological Fluid Dynamics. Micro- and Nano-Scale Flows Relevant to the Environment. Volcanic Flows. Buoyant Outflows to the Coastal Ocean. Hydrodynamics of Coastal Circulation. Ice Dynamics and Transport. Part III Fundamental Flow Phenomena and Turbulence: Turbulence in the Environment. Turbulent Dispersion. Stratified Hydraulics. Hydraulics of Vegetated Canopies. Canopy Turbulence. Jets and Plumes. Stratified Wakes and Their Signatures. Gravity Currents and Intrusions. Internal Gravity Waves. Rotation Effects in Environmental Flows. Vortex Dynamics. Surface Waves in Coastal Waters. Drops and Bubbles in the Environment. Particle-Laden Flows. Sediment Transport. Flows Involving Phase Change. Turbulent Gas Transfer across Air–Water Interfaces. Convection. Convection (Rotating Fluids). Double-Diffusive Instabilities. Shallow Shear Flows in Surface Water. Shallow Granular Flows. Turbidity Currents and Powder Snow Avalanches. Mechanics of Debris Flows and Rock Avalanches. Index.