Environmental Enforcement Authorities (EEAs), sometimes called Environmental Protection Agencies (EPAs), are the regulatory, monitoring and enforcement agencies of national, state/provincial and local governments worldwide responsible for implementing, monitoring and enforcing environmental legislation. This one-of-a-kind, authoritative handbook offers a comprehensive assessment of the principles and best practice of EEAs throughout the world with a focus on Europe, the USA, Canada, Australia, east and south-east Asia and various other OECD, transition and developing countries. The book assesses structures, expertise and capacity, financing, permitting, monitoring, inspection, enforcement and EEA performance and future directions. It also identifies best practice for creating or improving EEAs. It offers substantial information for industry on the nature of compliance with environmental regulations as well as vital information for professionals, consultants, NGOs and researchers working at the interface between government EEAs and industry.
'Prescient and highly useful tool for regulators and practicians. Guides the reader through a detailed, careful and well-organized study. To be recommended.' Susanne Mieth Andersen, environmental lawyer, Danish Environmental Protection Agency
'Environment policy is implemented and enforced in many different ways - and at many different levels! Sometimes it is government itself and its civil service, sometimes local or regional government is responsible, and sometimes the work is done by agencies with varying amount od independence from government. The fact is that there is very little comparative, or comprehensive, literature in this field and yet it is vitally important for regulators and regulated alike to be able to make trans-frontier comparisons. This Handbook is a welcome attempt to enable this to be done and I expect it to be on the shelves of everyone with an interest in the efficient implementation and enforcement of environmental law.' Sir Ken Collins, Chairman, Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA) and former member of the European Parliament
'This Handbook provides an excellent, practical overview of one of the most important aspects of any environmental regulatory system, namely the processes and practice of enforcement. It is highly recommended to anyone interested in the day to day enforcement of environmental regulation. The use of interesting case studies and comparative analysis of different regimes makes it both accessible and authoritative. Most of all, it is a book to be used in the real world and not just left on the book shelf.' Stuart Bell, Professor of Environmental Law, Nottingham Law School
Introduction: The Principles and Nature of Regulation The Nature of Environment Enforcement Authorities Permitting Monitoring and Inspection Action in Response to Non-compliance Compliance Promotion Financing Environmental Enforcement Authorities Management of Environmental Enforcement Authorities