Handbook of Estimation Methods in Ecotoxicology and Environmental Chemistry  book cover
1st Edition

Handbook of Estimation Methods in Ecotoxicology and Environmental Chemistry

ISBN 9781566702119
Published December 29, 1997 by CRC Press
240 Pages

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Book Description

Slightly more than 100,000 chemicals are produced in such an amount that they are threatening to the environment. These include common chemicals such as household cleaners, detergents, cosmetics, medicines, and pesticides. The Handbook of Estimation Methods in Ecotoxicology and Environmental Chemistry presents estimation methods for determining a number of physicochemical, biological, and toxicological parameters for these chemicals. Included is WinTox software, an estimation tool that is quick and easy to use; it provides a good initial estimate that can be further refined. Through the estimation methods demonstrated in this book, the following urgent questions can be answered:

Table of Contents

Estimation of Physical-Chemical Parameters
Estimation of Critical Temperature, Boiling and Melting Points, Vapour Pressure, and Evaporation Rate
Estimation of Solubility and Partition Coefficient
Estimation of Henry's Constant, Adsorption Coefficients, and Exchange Coefficients
Estimation of Rate Coefficients of Hydrolysis and Photolysis
Application of Molecular Connectivity Index for Estimation of Physical-Chemical Parameters
Estimation of Biological Parameters
Estimation of Biodegradation Rate
Estimation of Bioconcentration, Bioaccumulation, and Biomagnification Factor
Estimation of Uptake Rate, Uptake Efficiency, and Excretion Rate
Application of Structural Similarity by Estimation of Biological Properties of Chemical Compounds
Application of Allometric Principles
Estimation of Toxicological Parameters
Estimation of LC50 and LD50 Values
Estimation of EC, MAC, and NEC Values
Estimation of Other Toxic Parameters
Estimation of Toxicological and Biological Parameter by Use of Molecular Connectivity Indices
Estimation of Toxicological Parameters by Structural Similarity
The Application of Estimation Methods in Practice
A Network of Estimation Methods
The Accuracy of WINTOX Estimations
Ecotoxicological Management
Appendix 1: Definitions
Appendix 2: Properties and Characteristics of Benchmark Chemicals
Appendix 3: Tables for Estimation of Physical-Chemical Parameters
Appendix 4: Parameters for Various Photochemical Processes and Lw = F(latitude)

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"Such methods are necessary because data cannot be obtained on many of the 100,000 potentially threatening synthetic chemicals. As a single source of this kind of information, the book is excellent... An excellent resource for graduate students, faculty, researchers, and professionals."