This handbook presents advanced research and operational information about hard minerals and hydrocarbons. It provides information in an integrated, interdisciplinary manner, stressing case histories. It includes review chapters, illustrations, graphs, tables, and color satellite images that present the results of gravity, geodetic, and seismic surveys and of 3-D sea floor sub-bottom visualizations. The data was obtained using satellites, aircraft, and ships from the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Caribbean Sea.Major topics addressed in these volumes include geophysical methods used to explore for hydrocarbons, advanced radiometric and electrical methods for hard mineral searches, the role of geotechnology and seismic acoustics in overcoming geological hazards in selecting drilling sites and pipeline routes, and remote sensing techniques used to determine the physical properties of hydrocarbons.
Part 1: Multidiscipline and General Methods 1. The Minerals Management Service's Offshore Hard Mlnerals Program on the United States Outer Continental Shelf: Status of Projects and Activities 2. Capabilities of Some Systems Used to Survey the Deep-Sea Floor 3. Geophysical Study of the East African Margin Part 2: Geophysical Methods 4. Airborne Gravimetry 5. Basement Configuration Identified in the Marine Geoid, and Petroleum Exploration of the Seychelles Platform 6. High-Resolution Geophysical Mapping of the Mississippi-Alabama Outer Continental Shelf 7. Very-High-Resolution, Seismic-Reflection Profiling and Other Acoustic Techniques with Examples from Virginia 8. Seismic Stratigraphy and Salt Tectonics of the East Breaks Region, Gulf of Mexico 9. Application of Seismic Profile Methods to Sand Source Studies for Beach Nourishment Part 3: Radiometric 10. Radiometric Sea Floor Exploration Methods 11. Exploration for Submarine Mineral Deposits by Use of Gamma-Ray Radiometric Methods 12. Overview of Nuclear Techniques for Marine Mineral Surveys and Environmental Assessment 13. Resistivity at Sea Part 4: Geotechnical Methods 14. Significance of Pore Pressure in Marine Sediments: Measurements and Derived Properties 15. Summary of Marine Sedimentary Shear Modulus and Acoustic Speed Profile Results Using a Gravity Wave Inversion Technique 16. An Experimental Study for Applying the Spectral Analysis of Surface Waves Method to Offshore Areas 17. Analysis of Preconsolidation Pressure Methods for Fine-Grained Sediments in Nares Abyssal Plain, Mississippi Delta, and Other Selected Areas