Discussing how to use public policy to improve the quality of life for those at the bottom of the social hierarchy, this text makes the case for policy that expands employment and facilitates jobs, finances education and economic and cultural integration, rewards merit, and encourages voting and political participation. Political scientists from around the world measure the effect of democratization, religion, ethnicity, race, and mass media on internal conflict during the initial post-Cold War period, in Africa, Asia, Europe, and Latin and North America. Some topics include the role of mass communication on Egyptian family planning, Russian nationalism, and the Guatemalan peace process.
Table of Contents
Social policy - an introduction; ethnic nepotism as an explanation for ethnic conflicts; differences in the determinants of internal conflict between the Cold War and post-Cold War periods; religion - for or against democracy; recasting foreign policy analysis using a gender analysis - where to begin?; political rights, electoral system and the legislative representation of women in 73 democracies - a preliminary analysis; ethnicity, democracy and conflict management in Africa; the role of mass communication on Egyptian family planning policy; coexistence of secularism and fundamentalism in India; caste and class relations in Bihar; identity collapse and ethnic conflicts -a Sri Lankan example; politics of agenda-building in South Korea -imperial Japan's military sexual slavery case; public participation in China's urban development; social development amidst economic reform - family policy in a changing Vietnam; nations and minorities - a conceptual comparison between the Western and the Islamic understanding with a case study; Russian nationalism and nation-building in the Russian Federation -implications for Russian foreign policy in the near abroad; forming a new nation-state and the repression or protection of ethnic minorities - the case of Slovenia; freedom versus equality? some thoughts about attitudes towards gender equality politics in Eastern and Central Europe; conceptualizing the German state -putting women's politics in its place; the limits of tolerance in a liberal society - in search of guidelines; back from the edge -rebuilding a public heritage, a case study of Dubrovnik, Croatia; human rights, civil society and the Guatemalan peace process; managing diversity in multiethnic federations - the case of Canada.