Handbook of Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction
The Handbook provides a comprehensive statement and reference point for hazard and disaster research, policy making, and practice in an international and multi-disciplinary context. It offers critical reviews and appraisals of current state of the art and future development of conceptual, theoretical and practical approaches as well as empirical knowledge and available tools.
Organized into five inter-related sections, this Handbook contains sixty-five contributions from leading scholars. Section one situates hazards and disasters in their broad political, cultural, economic, and environmental context. Section two contains treatments of potentially damaging natural events/phenomena organized by major earth system. Section three critically reviews progress in responding to disasters including warning, relief and recovery. Section four addresses mitigation of potential loss and prevention of disasters under two sub-headings: governance, advocacy and self-help, and communication and participation. Section five ends with a concluding chapter by the editors.
The engaging international contributions reflect upon the politics and policy of how we think about and practice applied hazard research and disaster risk reduction. This Handbook provides a wealth of interdisciplinary information and will appeal to students and practitioners interested in Geography, Environment Studies and Development Studies.
Table of Contents
Foreword Salvano Briceño 1. Challenging Risk: We Offer the Reader a Left Foot Book The Editors Section I: Big Picture Views – Hazards, Vulnerabilities and Capacities 2. Introduction to Section I: Big Picture Views – Hazards, Vulnerabilities and Capacities The Editors 3. Framing Disaster: Theories and Stories Seeking to Understand Hazards, Vulnerability and Risk Ben Wisner, JC Gaillard and Ilan Kelman 4. Historical Concepts of Disasters and Risk Greg Bankoff 5. Politics of Disaster Risk Adolfo Mascarenhas and Ben Wisner 6. Human Rights, Disasters and State Obligations Claudine Haenni Dale and Jean Connolly Carmalt 7. Violent Conflict, Natural Hazards and Disaster Ben Wisner 8. Culture, Hazard and Disaster Kenneth Hewitt 9. Knowledge and Disaster Risk Reduction Jessica Mercer 10. Religious Interpretations of Disaster David Chester, Angus Duncan and Heather Sangster 11. Hazards and Disasters Represented in Film Greg Berger and Ben Wisner 12. Hazards and Disasters Represented in Music Bob Alexander 13. Hazard, Risk and Urbanisation Mark Pelling 14. Disaster Risk and Sustainable Development Chris Bacon Section II: Fine-Grained Views – Hazards, Vulnerabilities and Capacities 15. Introduction to Section II: Fine-Grained Views – Hazards, Vulnerabilities and Capacities The Editors 16. Data Sources on Hazards Julio Serje 17. Tools for Identifying Hazards Keiko Saito, Jane Strachan, Timothy Fewtrell, Nick Rosser, Susanna Jenkins, Aidan Slingsby and Katharine Haynes 18. Hazard, Risk and Climate Change David Simon 19. Coastal Storm Bas Jonkman, Herman Gerritsen and Marcel Marchand 20. Thunderstorm and Tornado David Etkin, Kaz Higuchi and George Platsis 21. Flood Hanna Schmuck 22. Drought Tom Smucker 23. Extreme Heat and Cold Sabrina McCormick 24. Wildfire Alexander Held 25. Landslide and other Mass Movements Danang Sri Hadmoko and Salvatore Engels-DiMauro 26. Earthquake Cinna Lomnitz and Ben Wisner 27. Tsunami Brian McAdoo 28. Volcanic Eruption Susanna Jenkins and Katharine Haynes 29. Soil Erosion and Contamination Salvatore Engels-DiMauro 30. Human Epidemic Chris Dibben 31. Livestock Epidemic Delia Grace and John McDermott 32. Plant Disease, Pests and Erosion of Biodiversity Pascal Girot 33. Hazards From Space Bill McGuire 34. Disability and Disaster David Alexander 35. Gender, Sexuality and Disaster Maureen Fordham 36. Children, Youth and Disaster Agnes Babugura 37. Elderly People and Disaster Ehren Ngo 38. Caste, Ethnicity, Religious Affiliation and Disaster JC Gaillard Section III: Preparedness and Response 39. Introduction to Section III: Preparedness and Response The Editors 40. Early Warning Principles and Systems Juan Carlos Villagran 41. Preparedness, Warning and Evacuation Philip Buckle 42. Emergency Management Principles Alejandro López-Carresi 43. From Damage and Needs Assessments to Relief Claude de Ville de Goyet 44. Health Care and Disaster Mark Keim and Jonathan Abrahams 45. Food Security and Disaster Ian Christoplos 46. Settlement and Shelter Reconstruction Manu Gupta 47. Psycho-Social Recovery Tamman Aloudat and Lene Christensen 48. Socio-Economic Recovery Rohit Jigyasu Section IV: Planning, Prevention and Mitigation 49. Introduction to Section IV: Planning, Prevention and Mitigation The Editors 50. International Planning Systems for Disaster Margaret Arnold 51. National Planning and Disaster Allan Lavell, JC Gaillard, Ben Wisner, Wendy Saunders and Dewald van Niekerk 52. Local Government and Disaster Geoff O’Brien, Mihir Bhatt, Wendy Saunders, JC Gaillard and Ben Wisner 53. Urban and Regional Planning and Disaster Cassidy Johnson 54. Financial Mechanisms for Disaster Risk Joanne Linnerooth-Bayer 55. Economic Development Policy and Disaster Risk Charlotte Benson 56. Protection of Infrastructure Ana Maria Cruz 57. Social Protection and Disaster Walt Peacock and Carla Prater 58. Livelihood Protection and Support and Disaster David Sanderson 59. Community Action and Disaster Zenaida Delica Willison and JC Gaillard 60. Civil Society and Disaster Martha Thompson 61. University Research’s Role in Reducing Disaster Risk Thea Hilhorst and Annelies Heijmans 62. Education and Disaster Emmanuel Luna 63. Media, Communication and Disaster Tim Radford and Ben Wisner 64. Participatory Action Research and Disaster Risk Mike McCall and Graciela Peters-Guari Section V: Conclusion 65. Challenging Risk: Has the Left Foot Stepped Forward? The Editors
Ben Wisner is a retired Professor who has worked on the interface between disaster risk reduction and sustainable human development since 1966. He currently conducts research and advises institutions such as the Global Network of Civil Society for Disaster Reduction.
JC Gaillard is Senior Lecturer at the School of Environment of The University of Auckland, New Zealand.
Ilan Kelman is a Senior Research Fellow at the Center for International Climate and Environmental Research–Oslo (CICERO).
"The take-home message is that to fully understand the implications of the worlds of hazards and disaster risk, people must better understand vulnerabilities and how they create the wicked problems of communities. Undoubtedly the most comprehensive book on these topics to date. Summing Up: Essential" -CHOICE, August 2012