Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics Methods: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics Methods

1st Edition

Edited by Neville Anthony Stanton, Alan Hedge, Karel Brookhuis, Eduardo Salas, Hal W. Hendrick

CRC Press

764 pages | 144 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780415287005
pub: 2004-08-30
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Research suggests that ergonomists tend to restrict themselves to two or three of their favorite methods in the design of systems, despite a multitude of variations in the problems that they face. Human Factors and Ergonomics Methods delivers an authoritative and practical account of methods that incorporate human capabilities and limitations, environmental factors, human-machine interaction, and other factors into system design. The Handbook describes 83 methods in a standardized format, promoting the use of methods that may have formerly been unfamiliar to designers.

The handbook comprises six sections, each representing a specialized field of ergonomics with a representative selection of associated methods. The sections highlight facets of human factors and ergonomics in systems analysis, design, and evaluation. Sections I through III address individuals and their interactions with the world. Section IV explores social groupings and their interactions (team methods), and Section V examines the effect of the environment on workers. The final section provides an overview of work systems-macroergonomics methods.

An onion-layer model frames each method; working from the individual, to the team, to the environment, to the work system. Each chapter begins with an introduction written by the chapter's editor, offering a brief overview of the field and a description of the methods covered. The Handbook provides a representative set of contemporary methods that are valuable in ergonomic analyses and evaluations.

The layout of each chapter is standardized for ease-of-use, so you can quickly locate relevant information about each method. Content descriptions are brief, and references are made to other texts, papers, and case studies. Standard descriptions of methods encourage browsing through several potential methods before tackling a problem.


"Hanbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics Methods is one of the best resources to identify methods of tackling human factors (neck up) and ergonomics (neck down) problems encountered in greater society."

-Professional Safety, Feb. 2006

Table of Contents

Human Factors and Ergonomics Methods

Neville A. Stanton


Physical Methods

Alan Hedge

PLIBEL - The Method Assigned for Identification of

Ergonomic Hazards

Kristina Kemmlert

Musculoskeletal Discomfort Surveys Used at NIOSH

Steven L. Sauter , Naomi G. Swanson , Thomas R. Waters ,

Thomas R. Hales , and Robin Dunkin-Chadwick

The Dutch Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (DMQ)

Vincent Hilderbrandt

Quick Exposure Checklist (QEC) for the Assessment of Workplace

Risks for Work-Relate Musculoskeletal Disorders (WMSDs)

Guangyan Li and Peter Buckle

Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA)

Lynn McAtamney

Rapid Entire Body Assessment

Lynn McAtamney and Sue Hignett

The Strain Index

J. Steven Moore and Gordon A. Vos

Posture Checklist Using Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) Technology

Karen Jacobs

Scaling Experiences during Work: Perceived Exertion and Difficulty

Gunnar Borg

Muscle Fatigue Assessment: Functional Job Analysis Technique

Suzanne H. Rodgers and Suzanne H. Rodgers

Psychophysical Tables: Lifting, Lowering, Pushing, Pulling, and Carrying

Stover H. Snook

Lumbar Motion Monitor

W. S. Marras and W. G. Allread

The Occupational Repetitive Action (OCRA) Methods: OCRA Index and

OCRA Checklist

Enrico Occhipinti

Assessment Of Exposure to Manual Patient Handling in Hospital Wards:

MAPO INDEX (Movement and Assistance of Hospital Patients)

O. Menoni, M.G. Ricci, D. Panciera and N. Battevi

Psychophysiological Methods

Karel A. Brookhuis

Psycho-Physiological Methods

Electrodermal Measurement

Wolfram Boucsein

Electromyography (EMG)

Matthias Goebel

Estimating Mental Effort Using Heart Rate and Heart Rate Variability

Lambertus (Ben) J.M. Mulder, Dick de Waard and Karel A. Brookhuis

Ambulatory EEG Methods and Sleepiness

Torbjörn Åkerstedt

Assessing Brain Function and Mental Chronometry with Event-Related

Potentials (ERP)

Arthur F. Kramer and Artem Belopolsky

MEG and fMRI

Hermann Hinrichs

Ambulatory Assessment of Blood Pressure to Evaluate Workload

Renate Rau

Monitoring Alertness by Eyelid Closure

Melissa M. Mallis and David F. Dinges

Measurement of Respiration in Applied Human Factors and

Ergonomics Research

Cornelis J.E. Wientjes and Paul Grossman

Behavioural and Cognitive Methods

Behavioral and Cognitive Methods

Neville A. Stanton


Neville A. Stanton, Christopher Baber and Mark Young

Applying Interviews to Usability Assessment

Mark S. Young and Neville A. Stanton

Verbal Protocol Analysis

Guy Walker

Repertory Grid for Product Evaluation

Chris Baber

Focus Groups

Lee Cooper and Chris Baber

Hierarchical Task Analysis (HTA)

John Annett

Allocation of Functions

Philip Marsden and Mark Kirby

Critical Decision Method

Gary Klein and Amelia A. Armstrong

Applied Cognitive Work Analysis (ACWA)

W. C. Elm, E. M. Roth, S. S. Potter, J. W. Gualtieri and J. R. Easter

Systematic Human Error Reduction and Prediction Approach (SHERPA)

Neville A. Stanton

Task Analysis for Error Identification

Neville A. Stanton and Christopher Baber

Mental Workload

Mark S. Young and Neville A. Stanton

Multiple Resource Time Sharing Mode

Christopher D. Wickens

Critical Path Analysis for Multimodal Activity

Chris Baber

Situation Awareness Measurement and the Situation Awareness

Global Assessment Technique

Debra G. Jones and David B. Kaber

Team Methods

Team Methods

Eduardo Salas

Team Training

Eduardo Salas and Heather A. Priest

Distributed Simulation Training for Teams

Dee H. Andrews

Synthetic Task Environments for Teams: CERTT's UAV-STE

Nancy J. Cooke and Steven M. Shope

Event-Based Approach to Training (EBAT)

Jennifer E. Fowlkes and C. Shawn Burke

Team Building

Eduardo Salas, Heather A. Priest and Renée E. DeRouin

Measuring Team Knowledge

Nancy J. Cooke

Team Communications Analysis

Florian Jentsch and Clint Bowers

Questionnaires for Distributed Assessment of Team Mutual Awareness

Jean MacMillan, Michael J. Paley, Eileen B. Entin and Elliot E. Entin

Team Decision Requirement Exercise: Making Team Decision

Requirements Explicit

David W. Klinger and Bianka B. Hahn

Targeted Acceptable Responses to Generated Events or Tasks (TARGETs)

Jennifer E. Fowlkes and C. Shawn Burke

Behavioral Observation Scales (BOS)

David Baker

Team Situation Assessment Training for Adaptive Coordination

Laura Martin-Milham and Stephen M. Fiore

Team Task Analysis

C. Shawn Burke

Team Workload

Clint A. Bowers and Florian Jentsch

Social Network Analysis

James E. Driskell and Brian Mullen

Environmental Methods

Environmental Methods

Alan Hedge

Thermal Conditions Measurement

George Havenith

Cold Stress Indices

Hannu Rintamäki

Heat Stress Indices

Alan Hedge

Thermal Comfort Indices

Jørn Toftum

Indoor Air Quality: Chemical Exposures

Alan Hedge

Indoor Air Quality: Biological/Particulate-Phase Contaminant

Exposure Assessment Methods

Thad Godish

Olfactometry: the Human Nose as Detection Instrument

Pamela Dalton and Monique Smeets

The Context and Foundation of Lighting Practice

Mark S. Rea and Peter R. Boyce

Photometric Characterization of the Luminous Environment

Mark S. Rea

Evaluating Office Lighting

Peter R. Boyce

Rapid Sound-Quality Assessment of Background Noise

Rendell R. Torres

Noise Reaction Indices and Assessment

R.F. Soames Job

Noise and Human Behavior

Gary Evans and Lorraine Maxwell

Occupational Vibration: a Concise Perspective

Jack F. Wasserman, Donald E. Wasserman and David Wilder

Habitability Measurement in Space Vehicles and Earth Analogs

Brian Peacock, Jennifer Blume and Susan Vallance

Macroergonomic Methods

Macroergonomic Methods

Hal W. Hendrick

Macroergonomic Organizational Questionnaire Survey (MOQS)

Pascale Carayon and Peter Hoonakker

Interview Method

Leah Newman

Focus Groups

Leah Newman

Laboratory Experiment

Brian M. Kleiner

Field Study and Field Experiment

Hal W. Hendrick

Participatory Ergonomics (PE)

Ogden Brown, Jr.

Cognitive Walk-Through Method (CWM)

Tonya L. Smith-Jackson

Kansei Engineering

Mitsuo Nagamachi

HITOP Analysis™

Ann Majchrzak, M. Fleischer, D. Roitman, and J. Mokray

TOP-Modeler© 2002

Ann Majchrzak

The CIMOP System© 2002

Waldemar Karwowski and J. Kantola


Philippe Geslin

Systems Analysis Tool (SAT)

Michelle M. Robertson

Macroergonomic Analysis of Structure (MAS)

Hal W. Hendrick

MacroErgonomic Analysis and Design (MEAD)

Brian M. Kleiner

About the Authors/Editors

Professor Neville Stanton, PhD, DSc, is a Chartered Psychologist, Chartered Ergonomist and Chartered Engineer.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Engineering (General)
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Engineering
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Health & Safety