Handbook of Medicinal Plants  book cover
1st Edition

Handbook of Medicinal Plants

ISBN 9781560229957
Published July 25, 2005 by CRC Press
522 Pages

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Book Description

Stay up-to-date with this important contribution to rationalized botanical medicine

The Handbook of Medicinal Plants explores state-of-the-art developments in the field of botanical medicine. Nineteen experts from around the world provide vital information on natural products and herbal medicines—from their earliest relevance in various cultures to today’s cutting-edge biotechnologies. Educated readers, practitioners, and academics of natural sciences will benefit from the text’s rich list of references as well as numerous tables, figures, and color photographs and illustrations.

The Handbook of Medicinal Plants is divided into three main sections. The first section covers the use of herbal medicines throughout history in China, Australia, the Americas, the Middle East, and the Mediterranean, emphasizing the need for future medicinal plant research. The second section discusses the latest technologies in production and breeding, crop improvement, farming, and plant research. The third section focuses on groundbreaking advances in the medicinal application of therapeutic herbs.

In the Handbook of Medicinal Plants, you will gain new knowledge about:

  • recent research and development in Chinese herbal medicine
  • modern methods of evaluating the efficacy of medicinal plants by “screening”
  • the newest developments of in vitro cultivation
  • prevention and therapy of cancer and other diseases using medicinal plants
  • the challenges and threats to medicinal plant research today
  • trends in phytomedicine in the new millennium
The Handbook of Medicinal Plants demonstrates the global relevance of sharing local knowledge about phytomedicines, and highlights the need to make information on plants available on a worldwide basis. With this book, you can help meet the challenge to find scientifically rationalized medicines that are safer, more effective, and readily available to patients from all walks of life.

Table of Contents

  • About the Editors
  • Contributors
  • Preface
  • Chapter 1. Trends and Challenges in Phytomedicine: Research in the New Millennium (Hildebert Wagner)
  • Introduction
  • Quality Assurance of Medicinal Drugs and Phytopreparations
  • Search for New Bioactive Compounds and Chemical Modifications of Leading Compounds
  • Molecular-Biological Screening: Overall Pharmacological Profiles and Synergistic Effects
  • Clinical Trials, Pharmacokinetic Studies, and Bioavailability Studies
  • Scope and Aim of Phytomedicine in the Near Future
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 2. History of Application of Medicinal Plants in China (Chang-Xiao Liu)
  • Introduction
  • Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs
  • Brief History of Application of Medicinal Plants
  • Medicinal Plants in China in the Past Century
  • Development of Resources
  • Chapter 3. Ethnopharmacology of Traditional Chinese Drugs from Medicinal Plants (Chang-Xiao Liu)
  • Introduction
  • Diaphoretics
  • Antitussive Expectorants and Antiasthmatics
  • Drugs Clearing Heat and Drying Dampness
  • Purgative Drugs
  • Drugs Expelling Wind and Dampness
  • Aromatic Drugs Transforming Dampness
  • Drugs Benefiting Urination and Draining Dampness
  • Drugs Warming the Interior
  • Drugs Regulating Qi
  • Drugs Relieving Food Stagnation
  • Drugs Expelling Parasites
  • Drugs Stopping Bleeding
  • Drugs Regulating Blood Conditions
  • Drugs Tranquilizing the Mind
  • Drugs Pacifying the Liver and Subduing Endogenous Wind
  • Drugs That Open Orifices
  • Tonics
  • Astringent Drugs
  • Chapter 4. Research and Development of New Drugs Originating from Chinese Medicinal Plants (Chang-Xiao Liu and Zohara Yaniv)
  • Introduction
  • Pathway of Research and Development from Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs
  • The Treatment Principles of Chinese Traditional Medicine
  • Valuable Clinical Results of the Application of National Minority Drugs
  • Active Compounds Isolated from Chinese Medicinal Plants
  • Types of Pharmacological Activities
  • The Challenges of Modern Research and the Development of Medicinal Plants
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 5. African Medicinal Plants (Ruth Kutalek and Armin Prinz)
  • Introduction
  • Strophantus spp., Apocynaceae
  • Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don, Apocynaceae
  • Rauwolfia vomitoria Azfel (Apocynaceae)
  • Physostigma venenosum Balf. (Fabaceae)
  • Future Prospects
  • Chapter 6. Dilemmas and Solutions: Native American Plant Knowledge (Daniel E. Moerman)
  • A Mother’s Dilemma
  • A Plant’s Dilemma
  • Two Dilemmas Yield a Solution
  • Case Example: Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)
  • Final Words
  • Chapter 7. Ethnobotany and Ethnomedicine of the Amazonian Indians (Sir Ghillean T. Prance)
  • Introduction
  • The Yanomami
  • Arrow Poisons
  • Narcotics and Stimulants
  • Fish Poisons
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 8. Healers and Physicians in Ancient and Medieval Mediterranean Cultures (Alain Touwaide)
  • Traditional Historiography
  • Two Main Works
  • The Range of Materia Medica
  • Transformations of Texts over Time
  • Plant Representations
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 9. Remedies from the Bush: Traditional Medicine Among the Australian Aborigines (Emanuela Appetiti)
  • Introduction
  • The Dreamtime
  • Plants and People
  • Treatment of Common Ailments
  • Women’s Medicine
  • Two Remarkable Plants
  • Other Uses of Medicinal Plants
  • Nonplant Materia Medica
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 10. Production and Breeding of Medicinal Plants (Éva Németh)
  • Short History of Medicinal Plant Production
  • The Present Situation and Characteristics of Medicinal Plant Cultivation in Europe
  • The Role and Significance of Harvesting from Wild Habitats
  • Characteristics of Breeding Medicinal Plants
  • Chapter 11. Biological Screening of Medicinal Plants (Ming-Wei Wang)
  • Introduction
  • Drug Discovery in Ancient Times
  • Random Drug Screening Using Animal Models
  • High-Throughput Screening Technologies
  • Future Prospects
  • Chapter 12. Biotechnology in Medicinal Crop Improvement (Efraim Lewinsohn and Ya’akov Tadmor)
  • Introduction
  • Utilization of DNA Markers in Medicinal Plants
  • Construction of Genetic Maps Utilizing DNA Markers
  • Utilization of Genetic Engineering in Medicinal Plants
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 13. In Vitro Cultivation of Medicinal Plants (Christoph Wawrosch)
  • Introduction
  • Plant Tissue Culture Techniques
  • In Vitro Plant Propagation
  • In Vitro Production of Secondary Metabolites
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 14. Medicinal Plants in the Prevention and Therapy of Cancer (David Mantle and Richard M. Wilkins)
  • Introduction
  • Mistletoe
  • Ginseng
  • Garlic
  • Chapter 15. Phytochemicals and Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease (D. Francesco Visioli, Simona Grande, and Claudio Galli)
  • Introduction
  • Plant-Derived Phenols
  • Soy
  • Cocoa
  • Tea
  • Wine
  • Olive Oil
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 16. A Modern Look at Folkloric Use of Anti-Infective Agents (Lester A. Mitscher)
  • Introduction
  • Berberine
  • Sanguinarine
  • Quinine
  • Emetine
  • Individual Antimicrobial Medicinal Plants of Lesser Prominence
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 17. Use of Medicinal Plants in CNS Disorders (Peter John Houghton)
  • Introduction
  • Disorders of the CNS
  • Plants and Derived Compounds Used to Treat Neurodegenerative Diseases
  • Plants and Derived Compounds Used As Anxiolytics, Tranquilizers, and Sedatives
  • Plants and Derived Compounds with Narcotic Effects
  • Plants and Derived Compounds Used As CNS Stimulants
  • Plants and Derived Compounds Used in Depression
  • Plants Used for Conditions That Display Excessive Aspects of Normal Function
  • Adaptogens
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 18. Herbal Medicine in Endocrinology and Metabolic Disease (Graham Pinn)
  • Introduction
  • Gout
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Obesity
  • Hyperlipidemia
  • Thyroid Disorder
  • Menopause
  • Toxicity
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 19. Bioactive Saponins from Plants: Recent Developments (Marie-Aleth Lacaille-Dubois)
  • Introduction
  • Anti-Inflammatory Activity
  • Hepatoprotective Activity
  • Cardiovascular Activity
  • Activity on the Central Nervous System
  • Hypoglycemic Activity
  • Antifungal Activity
  • Antiviral Activities
  • Anticancer and Immune System Related Activity
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 20. Natural Products and Herbal Medicines in the Gastrointestinal Tract (Zohar Kerem)
  • Introduction
  • Antimicrobial Activities of Herbal Products
  • GI Immunoregulation
  • Chemical Considerations in the GI Tract
  • Herbal-Induced Drug Interactions in the GI Tract
  • Antioxidant and Reducing Activities of Herbal Products
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 21. Challenges and Threats to Interdisciplinary Medicinal Plant Research (Michael Heinrich)
  • Introduction: Patients’ Dilemmas in 2005
  • Medicinal Plants and Their Modern and Historical Uses
  • New Methodological Developments
  • Medical Applications: Pharmacology and Clinical Use
  • Future Needs: Phytotherapy and the Concept of Ethnopharmacy
  • Conclusion
  • Index
  • Reference Notes Included

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