Handbook of Military and Defense Operations Research
Operations research (OR) is a core discipline in military and defense management. Coming to the forefront initially during World War II, OR provided critical contributions to logistics, supply chains, and strategic simulation, while enabling superior decision-making for Allied forces. OR has grown to include analytics and many applications, including artificial intelligence, cybersecurity, and big data, and is the cornerstone of management science in manufacturing, marketing, telecommunications, and many other fields.
The Handbook of Military and Defense Operations Research presents the voices leading OR and analytics to new heights in security through research, practical applications, case studies, and lessons learned in the field.
- Applies the experiences of educators and practitioners working in the field
- Employs the latest technology developments in case studies and applications
- Identifies best practices unique to the military, security, and national defense problem space
- Highlights similarities and dichotomies between analyses and trends that are unique to military, security, and defense problems
Table of Contents
Part I: Approaches
Modern Data Analytics for the Military Operations Researcher
Raymond R. Hill
Microsoft Excel: The Universal Tool of Analysis
Joseph M. Lindquist, Charles A. Sulewski
Military Decision Analysis
Roger Chapman Burk
Military Workforce Planning and Manpower Modeling
Nathaniel D. Bastian, Andrew O. Hall
Lynette Arnhart, Marvin King
Threatcasting in a Military Setting
Natalie Vanatta, Brian David Johnson
Analytical Modeling of Stochastic Systems
Roger Chapman Burk
Modern Methods for Characterization of Social Networks Through Network Models
Christine M. Schubert Kabban, Fairul Mohd-Zaid, Richard F. Deckro
Process Optimization Through Structured Problem Solving
David M. Bernacki, Robert E. Hamm, Jr., Hung-da Wan
Shane N. Hall, Brian M. Wade, Benjamin G. Thengvall
Analytical Test Planning for Defense Acquisitions
Darryl K. Ahner, Gina Sigler
Part II: Soft skills and client relations
Why Won’t They Use Our Model?
Walt DeGrange, Wilson L. Price
From BOGSAT to Turbo Teams
F. Freeman Marvin
Part III: Applications
A Model for and Inventory of Cybersecurity Values: Metrics and Best Practices
Natalie M. Scala, Paul L. Goethals
Applying Information Theory to Validate Commanders’ Critical Information Requirements
Mark A. C. Timms, David R. Mandel, Jonathan D. Nelson
Modeling and Inferencing of Activity Profiles of Terrorist Groups
Expert COSYSMO Systems Engineering Cost Model and Risk Advisor
Raymond Madachy, Ricardo Valerdi
Part IV: Perspectives
How Data Science Happens
James P. Howard, II
Modernizing Military Operations Research Education
Chris Arney, Michael Yankovich, Krista Watts
Strategic Analytics and the Future of Military Operations Research
Greg H. Parlier
Natalie M. Scala is an associate professor and director of the graduate programs in supply chain and project management in the College of Business and Economics at Towson University. She earned PhD and MS degrees in industrial engineering from the University of Pittsburgh. Her primary research is in decision analysis, with foci on military applications and cybersecurity. Dr. Scala frequently consults for government clients and has extensive professional experience, including positions with Innovative Decisions, Inc., the United States Department of Defense, the RAND Corporation, and the FirstEnergy Corporation. She is currently serving as the president of the INFORMS Military and Security Society.
James P. Howard II is a scientist at the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory. Previously, he worked for the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System as an internal consultant on statistical computing. He has also been a consultant to numerous government agencies. Additionally, he has taught mathematics, statistics, and public affairs since 2010. He earned a PhD in public policy from the University of Maryland, Baltimore County.
Featured Author Profiles
Listen to Natalie Scala talking about election security and her book Handbook of Military and Defense Operations Research on Problem Solved, a podcast by IISE here.
“Comprised of twenty erudite and informative articles by experts in the field, The Handbook of Military and Defense Operations Research is organized into four major sections (Approaches; Soft Skills and Client Relations; Applications; Perspectives). [. . .], The Handbook of Military and Defense Operations Research is an especially recommended addition to college and university library Military Science and Industrial Production/Management collections”
—Midwest Book Review
“. . .Handbook of Military and Defense Operations Research, by IISE member and Towson University professor Natalie M. Scala and James P. Howard II of the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, provides educators and undergraduate students examples of best practices in research, case studies, practical applications and lessons learned in the ﬁeld. More than three dozen contributors provide expertise from all armed forces branches as well as industry and academia. Articles are in four sections – approaches, soft skills and client relations, applications and perspectives – and range from general to speciﬁc with detailed guidance on applying OR and analytics techniques to military challenges. They are instructive both to students entering defense ﬁelds at military service academies and to service veterans transitioning into the private sector.”
"The Handbook of Military and Defense Operations Research is an excellent introduction to the application of operations research and analytics techniques to current defense related problems."
—Emeritus Professor Steve Horton, United States Military Academy
"The editors and contributors are a 'who’s who' of operations research professionals in the field of applied national security analytics. This Handbook should occupy a prominent location on every analyst’s bookshelf – from undergraduate student to senior practitioner – and its techniques should be in every analyst’s toolkit."
—Brian Morgan, President-Elect, Military Operations Research Society
"This reference book has important papers on all the topics needed for a practitioner of military OR to improve his or her skills toolbox. This book will not collect dust on a shelf. It will be used regularly."
—Professor Robin Dillon-Merrill, Georgetown University
"Scala’s experience and observations inspired her research interests as a professor and recently motivated her decision to write her first book, Handbook of Military and Defense Operations Research[. . . .] The book offers tools and techniques that help transition a person from learning operations research and analytics in school to applying it in a new problem space – namely, defense. Or, it works vice-versa; the same tools and techniques could help a person who has experience in the military but may not have formal education in analytics."
—Jenna Harrity, Business Dialog, Towson University
"The Handbook of Military and Defense Operations Research will make a great addition to any defense analyst’s library. With contributions from some of the most well-known practitioners and researchers in the defense analysis field, this volume provides a great introduction to modern analytic methods and how they apply to critical problems in national defense."
—Andrew Loerch, Professor and Associate Chair, Department of Systems Engineering and Operations Research, George Mason University