Handbook of Muscle Variations and Anomalies in Humans : A Compendium for Medical Education, Physicians, Surgeons, Anthropologists, Anatomists and Biologists book cover
1st Edition

Handbook of Muscle Variations and Anomalies in Humans
A Compendium for Medical Education, Physicians, Surgeons, Anthropologists, Anatomists and Biologists

  • Available for pre-order. Item will ship after February 15, 2022
ISBN 9780367538620
February 15, 2022 Forthcoming by CRC Press
328 Pages 57 Color Illustrations

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Book Description

Most textbooks and atlases of human anatomy describe only a few cases of variations in the 'normal' human population, or of anomalies of the muscles. These variations and anomalies are also often excluded from the curricula in colleges of medicine and dentistry in the U.S.A. and in many other countries. However, it is known that each person within the 'normal' population has at least a few muscle variations, and there are millions of individuals born globally every year with muscle anomalies. It is highly likely that during their careers, almost all medical professionals working with any aspect related to muscles - including muscle physiology, gross anatomy, physiotherapy, surgery - will be faced with at least a few cases of muscle variations and/or anomalies. There are therefore crucial gaps of knowledge between what teachers of medical and dentistry schools teach, what students learn, what textbooks and atlases show, and the reality that medical professionals will face in practice during their careers. This is the first textbook and anatomical atlas to address this topic in a holistic way by: 1) providing a comparative evolutionary context for the existence of variations and defects in humans, 2) summarizing the major types of variations and anomalies found in the skeletal muscles of humans, and 3) including schematic figures for an easy visualization of these variations and anomalies. The book is therefore of interest to students, instructors, professors, researchers from fields such as biological anthropology, comparative anatomy, functional morphology, zoology, and evolutionary and developmental biology, and health practitioners.

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Related Titles

Table of Contents

Table of Contents with Contributors



Extended table of contents listing individual muscles

1. Introduction

Eve K. Boyle, Vondel Mahon, and Rui Diogo

1.1 Why do humans have anatomical variations and anomalies?

1.2 Towards a more holistic approach to human anatomy and evolution

1.3 Brief notes about our methodology

2. Head and neck muscles

Eve K. Boyle, Vondel Mahon, Rui Diogo, Warrenkevin Henderson, Hannah Jacobson, Noelle Purcell and Kylar Wiltz

2.1 Facial muscles

2.2 Muscles of mastication

2.3 Extrinsic muscles of the ear and middle ear muscles

2.4 Muscles of the tongue

2.5 Muscles of the soft palate

2.6 Pharyngeal muscles

2.7 Laryngeal muscles

2.8 Infrahyoid muscles

2.9 Suprahyoid muscles

2.10 Extraocular muscles

2.11 Scalene, prevertebral, and suboccipital muscles

2.12 Posterolateral neck muscles

3. Upper limb muscles

Eve K. Boyle, Vondel Mahon, and Rui Diogo

3.1 Axial pectoral girdle muscles

3.2 Pectoral girdle and arm muscles

3.3 Anterior forearm muscles

3.4 Posterior forearm muscles

3.5 Muscles of the hand

4. Trunk muscles

Eve K. Boyle, Vondel Mahon, Rui Diogo and Rowan Sherwood

4.1 Muscles of the abdominal region

4.2 Perineal, coccygeal, and anal musculature

4.3 Thorax, spine, and back muscles

5. Lower limb muscles

Eve K. Boyle, Vondel Mahon, Rui Diogo and Malynda Williams

5.1 Gluteal and thigh muscles

5.2 Posterior muscles of the lower leg

5.3 Anterior and lateral muscles of the lower leg

5.4 Muscles of the foot

6. References

7. Index

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Eve K. Boyle is an evolutionary anthropologist with expertise in informal science education, public engagement, project management, and broadening participation initiatives. She received her Ph.D. from the Center for the Advanced Study of Human Paleobiology of George Washington University in 2019. As a postdoctoral fellow at Howard University from 2019 to 2020, she was the first project manager for the Visible Ape Project. She served as an AAAS Science & Technology Policy Fellow at the National Science Foundation from 2020 to 2022.

Vondel S.E. Mahon is a Medical Illustrator at Mahon Illustrations LLC and at private enterprise. He received his M.A. in Medical and Biological Illustration from the Department of Art as Applied to Medicine at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. For his master’s thesis he developed a novel tool for orthopedic trauma education with the Johns Hopkins University Computer Aided Medical Procedures Laboratory and the Johns Hopkins Medicine Technology Innovation Center. He holds interest in the use of Extended Realty (XR) technology in healthcare and medical education. He is also a proud member of the Association of Medical Illustrators (AMI).

Rui Diogo is a multi-awarded researcher, speaker and writer that is renowned worldwide for addressing broader scientific questions and societal issues using state-of-the-art empirical data from many different fields of science. He obtained his Bachelor's degree in Biology from the University of Aveiro, Portugal, and later did a PhD at the University of Liege, Belgium, a postdoc at the King's College of London, and then a master's and a Ph.D. at the Department of Biology of George Washington University, U.S. A wonderer and a wanderer, he has done research, gave speeches, or travelled in more than 120 countries. He is the author of more than 150 papers in top journals and 20 books, including "Learning and understanding human anatomy and pathology" - used at several medical schools worldwide -, "Evolution driven by organismal behavior" - often listed among the ten best evolutionary books in 2017, and the already highly acclaimed "Meaning of life, human nature, and delusions".