This handbook series includes several naturally occurring chemicals that exhibit biological activity. These chemicals are derived from plants, insects, and several microorganisms. Volume II of this series is devoted to methods for isolation and identification for pest control technology.Methods for isolation and characterization are very important for gaining knowledge on how to discover these chemicals when present in such minute amounts (ppm to ppb levels) in nature. Several chemical and biological methods have been developed for isolation, characterization, and analysis of natural pesticides and are included in Volume II.
Part 1: Methods for Isolation 1. Methods and Techniques for Isolation of Pesticides 2. Chromatographic Methods for Isolation and Identification of Naturally Occurring Pesticides 3. Countercurrent Chromatography 4. Countercurrent Distribution Part 2: Methods for Identification 1. Introduction to Spectroscopy 2. Ultraviolet (UV) Spectroscopy 3. Application of UV Spectroscopy � Plant Growth Substances 4. Application of UV Spectroscopy � Other Naturally Occurring Pesticides 5. Infrared (IR) Spectroscopy 6. Supplemental Data 7. Applications of IR Spectroscopy 8. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy 9. Mass Spectroscopy 10. Optical Rotatory Dispersion and Circular Dichroism 11. Molecular Structure Determination by X-Ray Diffraction Analysis 12. Electron Spin Resonance 13. Fluorescence of Naturally Occurring Chemicals 14. Methodology for Gene Expression