Handbook of OSHA Construction Safety and Health: 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Handbook of OSHA Construction Safety and Health

2nd Edition

By Charles D. Reese, James Vernon Eidson

CRC Press

984 pages | 132 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2006-03-23
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Description

A practical guide for eliminating safety and health hazards from construction worksites, the Handbook of OSHA Construction Safety and Health addresses the occupational safety and health issues faced by those working in the construction industry. The book covers a vast range of issues including program development, safety and health program implementation, intervention and prevention of construction incidents, regulatory interpretations, understanding, and compliance, OSHA's expectations, health and safety hazards faced by those working in the construction industry, and sources of information.

Highlighting contract liability and multi-employer sites, this second edition features updates for construction regulations, construction job audit, training requirements, and OSHA regulations. It includes new record-keeping guidelines and forms with additional material on focused inspections. Containing updated contact information for the newest agencies, the text also presents a model safety and health program, examples of accident analysis and prevention approaches, sample safety and health checklists, and more than 200 illustrations.

Taking a comprehensive approach to construction safety and health, the authors address issues seldom discussed in the construction arena such as perceptions and motivation while also discussing issues gleaned from the safety and health disciplines such as the analyzing of incidents and accident prevention techniques. Including an in-depth discussion of regulations promulgated by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, the book lays the foundation upon which to build stronger safety and health initiatives, while intervening and preventing jobsite deaths, injuries, and illnesses.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

Construction Industry

Construction as a Business

Contractor Liability

Management/Professional Positions

Supervisors

The Competent Person(s)

Women in Construction

The Construction Trades

Unions of the Building and Construction Trades Department

Why the Hazards

Cost of Accidents/Incidents

Why Do Accidents Occur

Construction Deaths

Construction Injuries

Construction Illnesses

Construction Hazards

Construction's Relationship to OSHA

Intent of This Book

PERCEPTIONS IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

Survey

Agreement

Disagreement

Contractors and Mixed Views

Other Areas

How to Use This Survey

Using the Results

Summary

THE PEOPLE ISSUE IN CONSTRUCTION SAFETY AND HEALTH

Setting the Stage

The Motivational Environment

Goal Setting

Self-Motivation

Dealing with People Along the Continuum

Motivational Leadership

The Ever-Changing Motivational Plan

Supervisory Motivational Initiatives

Motivational Techniques

Summary

CONSTRUCTION SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS

Reasons For a Comprehensive Safety Program

Building a Safety and Health Program

Explaining the Requirements and Elements of OSHA Guidelines for a Safety and Health Program

Model Construction Safety and Health Program

Safety and Health Program

Evaluation of Your Responses

Other Required Written Programs

ANALYZING CONSTRUCTION HAZARDS AND ACCIDENTS/INCIDENTS

Preconstruction Conference

Worksite Hazard Analysis

Accident/Incident Analysis

Job Safety Analysis

Hazard Analysis

Analyzing Accident Data

Summary

CONSTRUCTION ACCIDENT PREVENTION TECHNIQUES

Safety and Health Management

Communications

Toolbox Talks

Training

Hazard Identification

Safe Operating Procedures (SOPs)

When an Engineer is Needed

Special Programs

Preventive Maintenance Programs

Fleet Safety Program

Accident Investigation

Job Safety Observations

Safety and Health Audits

CONSTRUCTION SAFETY: A THROUGH H

Abrasive Grinding (1926.303)

Aerial Lifts (1926.556)

Air Receivers (1926.306)

Alarms (1926.159 and .602)

Arc Welding and Cutting (1626.351)

Barricades (1926.202)

Barriers

Batteries (1926.441)

Change Rooms (1926.51)

Compressed Air, Use of (1926.302)

Compressed Air, Working Under

Compressed Gas Cylinders (1926.350)

Compressed Gas Welding

Concrete Construction (1926.701)

Concrete - Cast-in-Place (1926.703)

Confined Spaces (1910.146 and 1926.21)

Construction Masonry (1926.706)

Conveyors (1926.555)

Cranes and Derricks (1926.550)

Demolition (1926. 850)

Disposal Chutes (1926.252)

Diving (1926.1071)

Drinking Water

Eating and Drinking Areas (1926.51)

Egress (1926.34)

Electrical (1926.400)

Employee Emergency Action Plans (1926.35)

Excavations /Trenches (1926.650)

Explosives and Blasting (1926.900)

Eye and Face Protection (1926.102)

Fall Protection (1926.500 - 503)

Fire Protection and Prevention (1926.150)

Flagperson (1926.201)

Floor and Wall Openings (1926.501)

Food Handling (1926.51)

Foot Protection (1926.96)

Hand Protection

Hand and Power Tools/Guarding (1926.300)

Hand Tools (1926.301)

Hazard Communications (1926.59)

Hazardous Waste Operations (1926.65)

Head Protection (1926.100)

Hearing Protection - Occupational Noise Exposure (1926.52)

Heating Devices (Temporary) (1926.154)

Heavy Equipment, Preventing Slips and Falls

Helicopters (1926.551)

Hoist, Base-Mounted Drum (1926.553)

Hoist, Materials (1926.552)

Hoist, Overhead (1926.554)

Hoist, Personnel

Housekeeping (1926.25)

CONSTRUCTION SAFETY: I THROUGH W

Illumination (1926.56)

Jacks (1926.305)

Ladders (1926.1053)

Lift-Slab Construction (1926.705)

Liquid-Fuel Tools (1926.302)

Liquid Petroleum Gas (1926.153)

Lockout/Tagout (1910.147)

Marine Equipment (1926.605)

Material Handling and Storage (1926.250)

Material Handling Equipment (1926.602)

Medical Services and First Aid (1926.23 and .50)

Motor Vehicles and Mechanized Equipment (1926.601)

Nonpotable Water (1926.51)

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) (1926.95)

Pile Driving (1926.603)

Pneumatic Tools (1926.302)

Potable Water (1926.51)

Powder-Actuated Guns (1926.302)

Power Tools (1926. 300)

Power Tools, Electrical (1926.302)

Power Tools, Fuel Driven (1926.302)

Power Tools, Hydraulic (1926.302)

Power Transmission and Distribution (1926.950)

Precast Concrete (1926.704)

Process Chemical Safety Management (1926.64)

Radiation, Ionizing (1926.53)

Radiation, Non-Ionizing (Lasers) (1926.54)

Rigging (1926.251)

Rollover Protective Structures (1926.1000)

Safety Harness

Safety Nets (1926.105 and 502)

Scaffolds (1926.450)

Signs, Signals, and Barricades

Site Clearance (1926.604)

Slips, Trips, and Falls

Stairways (1926.1052)

Steel Erection (1926.750)

Temporary Sleeping Quarters (19126.51)

Tire Cages (1926.600)

Toeboards

Toilets (1926.51)

Transportation

Tunnels/Shaft (Underground Construction) (1926.800)

Vermin Control (1926.51)

Washing Facilities (1926.51)

Welding (1926.350)

Woodworking Tools (1926.304)

Working Over Water (1926.106)

INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE ACTIVITIES IN CONSTRUCTION

Background

Construction Industrial Hygiene

Physical Hazards

Health Hazards

Routes of Entry and Modes of Action

Chemical Exposure Guidelines

Types of Airborne Contaminants

Typical Hazardous Chemicals in Construction

Exposure Monitoring

Biological Monitoring

Known Cancer-Causing Chemicals and Hazardous Construction Materials

Construction Training Requirements

PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT

Introduction

Chemical Protective Equipment Standards

Chemical Protective Clothing

Protective Clothing Applications

The Clothing Ensemble

Level of Protection

Ensemble Selection Factors

Protective Clothing Selection Factors

General Guidelines

Management Program

Clothing Donning, Doffing, and Use

Decontamination Procedures

Inspection, Storage, and Maintenance

Training

Heat Stress Due to Clothing

Respiratory Protection

ERGONOMICS IN CONSTRUCTION

Back Injury Prevention

Cumulative Trauma Disorders in Construction

Construction Tasks and Ergonomics Risks

Tools and their Design

Conducting Ergonomics Assessments

Ergonomics Regulations

Ergonomics Programs

Summary

SAFETY AND HEALTH HANDBOOK

Cover

Safety Policy

Responsibility and Accountability

Table of or Index

Company Policies and Procedures

Some Cardinal Safety and Health Rules

Special Emphasis Programs and Permit-Required Procedures/ Initiatives

Special Section on First Aid

Other Sections

Rules and SOPs for Construction-Specific Tasks

Reference Materials, Diagrams, and Illustrations

Acknowledgement of Receipt of S&H Handbook/Manual

OSHA COMPLIANCE

OSHA Standards

Protections Under the OSHAct

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)

Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission (OSHRC)

Employer Responsibilities Under the OSHAct

Workers' Rights and Responsibilities Under the OSHAct

Discrimination Against Workers

Right to Information

Assuring a Safe and Healthy Workplace

Workers' Complaints

OSHA Inspections

Workers' Complaints and Request for Inspections

Citations, Penalties, and Other Enforcement Measures

State OSHA Plans

Worker Training

Occupational Injuries and Illnesses

Medical and Exposure Records

Posting

What to do When OSHA Comes Knocking

Focused Inspections in Construction

Multi-Employer Worksites

Summary

CONSTRUCTION STANDARDS

Federal Laws

OSHAct

The Content of the OSHAct

The Regulatory Process

The Federal Register

The Code of Federal Regulations

Regulation Paragraph Numbering System

29 CFR 1926 - Safety and Health Regulations for Construction

More Detailed and Other Sources of Regulatory Information

WORKERS' COMPENSATION

Employers' Liability

Workers' Compensation as an Exclusive Remedy

Covered Employment

Covered Events

Selecting the Physician

Benefits

Cash Benefits

Medical Benefits

Rehabilitation

Administration

Risk Management

Summary

RESOURCES AND INFORMATION ACCESS

The Computer

Professional Organizations and Agencies

Federal Government Sources

Construction-Related Associations

Electronic Sources (Internet)

Books

Selecting Consultants

CONSTRUCTION TERMS AND SLANG

Construction Terms

Construction Slang

SUMMARY

Planning the Safety and Health Initiative

The People in Construction Safety and Health

This Book is for You

Incorporate Safety and Health

APPENDICES

APPENDIX A: NAICS versus SIC

APPENDIX B: Construction Training Requirements

APPENDIX C: Sample of Written Hazard Communications Program

APPENDIX D: Construction Standards - Jobsite Audit Instrument

APPENDIX E: Electrical Hazardous Location Classification

APPENDIX F: Rigging - The Crosby User's Lifting Guide

APPENDIX G: Jobsite Rules

APPENDIX H: Ergonomics Program Survey Instruments

APPENDIX I: OSHA Regional Offices and Offices of State-Approved Programs

APPENDIX J: 29 CFR 1926 Key Words

APPENDIX K: Definitions for Subparts of 29 CFR 1926

APPENDIX L: Crane Illustrations

APPENDIX M: Scaffolds and Aerial Lift Illustrations

INDEX

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LAW034000
LAW / Environmental
TEC009020
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / General
TEC009060
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Engineering
TEC017000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Health & Safety