Optofluidics is an emerging field that involves the use of fluids to modify optical properties and the use of optical devices to detect flowing media. Ultimately, its value is highly dependent on the successful integration of photonic integrated circuits with microfluidic or nanofluidic systems. Handbook of Optofluidics provides a snapshot of the state of the field, captures current trends, and gives insight into the technology of tomorrow, which will enable researchers to tackle challenges and opportunities that it can uniquely answer.
Divided into three sections, this comprehensive resource begins by introducing the scientific foundations that contribute to optofluidics. It details the connections to related research areas and reveals the scientific influences currently shaping the design and function of optofluidic systems. It provides brief reviews of those established fields from which optofluidics has evolved, putting special emphasis on how they currently intersect.
This introductory material provides a basis for understanding the chapters that follow. The second section explores the synthesis of fundamental concepts to create novel devices, specifically those with optical properties that are manipulated by fluids. A main theme that runs through this part is the dynamic reconfigurability made possible by flowing and reshaping fluids. The final section looks to future applications of the field, presenting recent developments in particle detection and manipulation primarily being developed for biosensing and biomedical applications.
Enhanced by thematic connections throughout the chapters that help define the field, this volume is a concise reference for the growing optofluidics community and is poised to provide a stepping stone for continued research in an area that holds promise for a myriad of applications.
Table of Contents
Foundations of Optofluidics
Introduction to Microfluidic and Optofluidic Transport; Mekala Krishnan and David Erickson
Microfabrication; Aaron R. Hawkins, Matthew R. Holmes, Tao Shang, and Yue Zhao
Passive Integrated Optics; Siegfried Janz
Photonic Crystal Hollow Waveguides; Fetah Benabid and P. John Roberts
Optoelectronics; Romeo Bernini and Luigi Zeni
Spectroscopic Methods; Jin Z. Zhang
Lab-on-a-Chip; Su Eun Chung, Wook Park, Seung Ah Lee, Sung Eun Choi, Jisung Jang, Sung Hoon Lee, and Sunghoon Kwon
Optical Elements and Devices
Fluid-Controlled Optical Elements; Christian Karnutsch and Benjamin J. Eggleton
Optofluidic Imaging Elements; Xiaole Mao, Zackary S. Stratton, and Tony Jun Huang
Optofluidic Switches and Sensors; Steve Zamek, Boris Slutsky, Lin Pang, Uriel Levy, and Yeshaiahu Fainman
Optofluidic Ring Resonators; Jonathan D. Suter and Xudong Fan
Optofluidic Light Sources; Anders Kristensen and N. Asger Mortensen
Single-Molecule Detection; Benjamin Cipriany and Harold Craighead
Optical Trapping and Manipulation; Eric Pei-Yu Chiou
Fluid-Filled Optical Fibers; Michael Barth, Hartmut Bartelt, and Oliver Benson
Integrated Optofluidic Waveguides; Holger Schmidt
Raman Detection in Microchips and Microchannels; Melodie Benford, Gerard L. Coté, Jun Kameoka, and Miao Wang
Plasmonics; David Sinton, Alexandre G. Brolo, and Reuven Gordon
Flow Cytometry and Fluorescence-Activated Cell Sorting; Chun-Hao Chen, Jessica Godin, Sung Hwan Cho, Frank Tsai, Wen Qiao, and Yu-Hwa Lo
Appendix A: Optical Properties of Water
Appendix B: Refractive Index of Liquids and Solids
Appendix C: Viscosity and Surface Tension of Typical Liquids
Appendix D: Common Fluorescent Dyes
Appendix E: Common Physical Constants
Appendix F: Common Biological Buffers
Aaron R. Hawkins is an Associate Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering and the Director of the Integrated Microfabrication Laboratory at Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah. Holger Schmidt is an Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering at the University of California, Santa Cruz.
This excellent reference provides broad coverage of the emerging and developing field of optofluidics. The book will be extremely useful for professionals and graduate students working on nanotechnologies that deploy optofluidic designs such as the lab on a chip and optofluidic transport mechanisms. … Those interested in waveguides will find useful information about photonic crystal waveguides and integrated optofluidic waveguides.
—OPN Optics & Photonics News, November 2010
I've found this book to be very useful, and am delighted that the project has been so successful. From my own perspective, the part on optical elements and devices is a great reference, and the data in the appendices will save my students a lot of time in the future!
—Graham A. Turnbull, University of St. Andrews, Scotland