Handbook of Package Engineering: 3rd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Handbook of Package Engineering

3rd Edition

By Joseph F. Hanlon, Robert J. Kelsey, Hallie Forcinio

CRC Press

698 pages

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Hardback: 9781566763066
pub: 1998-04-23
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pub: 1998-04-23
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Now in its third edition, the Handbook of Package Engineering is still considered the standard industry reference on packaging materials and engineering. This text is a useful source of information for anyone involved in packaging. Designed as a refresher on packaging fundamentals, this complete guide also provides information on recent changes in the materials and structures of packaging. It reviews the essentials of production - packaging operations, line layout, and the machines that are required in order to perform basic packaging functions. It introduces the increasing web of laws and regulations controlling virtually all packaged products.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Elements of Packaging


Fields of Packaging

State of the Art

The Newest Challenge

The Packaging Function

Preparation for a Packaging Career

The Packaging Professional

Successful Package Design

Handbook Structure

1. Chapter 2 Paper and Paperboard


The Structure of Wood

Making Pulp

Processing Pulp


Papermaking Machines

Type of Paper

Types of Paperboard

Chapter 3 Films and Foils


Film Production Methods

Common Packaging Films and Uses

Speciality Films

Metal Foils

Chapter 4 Coating and Lamination of Flexible Materials



Coating Techniques

Coating Materials


Chapter 5 Bags, Sacks, and Pouches


Advantages and Disadvantages

Types of Paper Bags

Design Considerations

Types of Plastic Bags

Filling Methods

Types of Pouches

Pouch Applications

Chapter 6 Folding Cartons and Set-up Boxes



Advantages and Disadvantages

The Materials

Folding Carton Design

Carton Manufacture

Carton Filling

Printing Methods

Set-up Boxes

Chapter 7 Fibre Tubes, Cans, and Drums

Composite Cans and Tubes

Fibre Drums

Chapter 8 Plastics

General Background


General Chemistry

General Properties and Testing

Plastic Properties

Plastic Additives

Selected Plastics for Packaging

Plastic Processes

Plastic Drums

Coatings and Coextrusion



Chapter 9 Glassware


Advantages and Disadvantages

Chemistry of Glass

Mechanical Properties of Glass

Design Considerations





Tubing Products

Chapter 10 Metal Containers


Advantages and Disadvantages

Can Materials

Can Manufacturing

Types of Cans


Aluminum Trays

Collapsible Tubes

Steel Drums and Pails

Chapter 11 Pressurized Packaging


Advantages and Disadvantages

Principles of Operation

Selection Criteria


Filling Processes



Pumps and Sprayers

Chapter 12 Labeling and Decorating



Label Materials

Label Storage

Types of Labels

Printing/Decorating Processes

Label Design

Label Costs


Chapter 13 Caps and Seals


Screw Caps

Lug Caps


Dispensing Caps

Special Functions


Rubber Closure


Inner Seals

Container Seals

Chapter 14 Corrugate Fiberwood


Box Construction

Board Construction

Design Considerations

Closing and Sealing


Chapter 15 Wood Containers


History and Statistics

Characteristics of Wood

Advantages and Disadvantages

Selection Criteria

Nailed Boxes

Wirebound Boxes and Crates





Pallet Containers

Chapter 16 Cushioning


Required Data

Cushioning Materials

Selecting a Cushioning Method

Chapter 17 Machinery Selection and Specification

General Considerations

The Systems Approach

Selection of Equipment

Line Layout

The Machine Manufacturer

Type of Machines

Machine Ordering and Scheduling

Chapter 18 Preshipment Testing



Testing Equipment

Distribution Testing

Chapter 19 Quality Control


Quality Control

Incoming Material


Chapter 20 Laws and Regulations



Basic Legal Procedure

Packaging Regulations

Government Packaging

Other Laws and Regulations

Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights

Chapter 21 Packaging and the Environment


The Current Situation

Recycling of Packaging

Source Reduction

Packaging Reuse

Biodegradable Packaging

Certification Programs

Foreign Packaging Waste Regulations


Joseph F. Hanlon

A Rutgers University graduate in chemistry, Joseph F. Hanlon had a distinguished career in packaging, beginning at White Laboratories where he started a packaging department in 1935. He went on to work for Johnson & Johnson, where he also established a packaging department and then held packaging positions at both American Cyanamid and Hoffman-LaRoche. After 10 years at Hoffman-LaRoche, he spent another decade consulting in the legal aspects of packaging.

The Handbook of Package Engineering, which was first published in 1973, quickly became the basic reference text for packaging professionals and students. He revised the book for a second edition in 1983 and was at work on the third edition at the time of his death in 1996. He was elected to the Packaging Education Forum's Packaging Hall of Fame later that year for his contributions to the packaging profession.

Robert J. Kelsey

Bob Kelsey holds a degree in food technology, a co-major in bacteriology and minors in both chemistry and process engineering from the University of Massachusetts, a certificate in mechanical engineering from the U.S. Navy, and certificates for courses in electronic engineering from the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.

Early in his career, he served as engineering editor of Food Engineering. At Modern Packaging magazine, he was successively engineering editor, editor-in-chief, and executive editor. He helped establish the Center for Packaging Science and Engineering at Rutgers University, where he has served as an adjunct professor of Packaging Law and Regulation. Since 1973, he has been president of Kelsey Corp., a consulting engineering firm specializing in structural packaging design and machine systems engineering.

In 1990 he was elected to the Packaging Education Forum's Packaging Hall of Fame. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Packaging Professionals, a Lifetime Member of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and belongs to the Society of Manufacturing Engineers' Machine Vision and Robotics International Divisions, and the American Society for Testing Materials Committees F-2 and D-10 for flexible and corrugated packaging. He is a long-time member of IoPP's Eastern Equipment Committee.

Hallie E. Forcinio

Hallie Forcinio has worked as a freelance journalist since January 1993. A specialist in packaging topics and technology issues, she writes regularly for Pharmaceutical Technology and BrandMarketing. She also is a contributor to Automatic ID News, Managing Automation and Packaging Technology & Engineering magazines. Her communications career includes 10 years as an editor on Food & Drug Packaging.

She is a member of the Institute of Packaging Professionals, the International Packaging Press Organisation, the Interational Association of Business Communicators and the American Society of Business Press Editors. She has been listed in Who's Who in the Midwest, Who's Who of Emerging Leaders in America, Who's Who in the Media and Communications and Who's Who of American Women.

An award-winning journalist, her publications experience began in college on the campus newspaper. She is a cum laude graduate of Baldwin-Wallace College, a liberal arts school in Berea, Ohio.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Design / Packaging