4th Edition

Handbook of Personality, Fourth Edition Theory and Research

Edited By Oliver P. John, Richard W. Robins Copyright 2021

    Now in a revised and expanded fourth edition, this definitive reference and text has more than 50% new material, reflecting a decade of theoretical and empirical advances. Prominent researchers describe major theories and review cutting-edge findings. The volume explores how personality emerges from and interacts with biological, developmental, cognitive, affective, and social processes, and the implications for well-being and health. Innovative research programs and methods are presented throughout. The concluding section showcases emerging issues and new directions in the field.

    New to This Edition
    *Expanded coverage of personality development, with chapters on the overall life course, middle childhood, adolescence, and early adulthood.
    *Three new chapters on affective processes, plus chapters on neurobiology, achievement motivation, cognitive approaches, narcissism, and other new topics.
    *Section on cutting-edge issues: personality interventions, personality manifestations in everyday life, geographical variation in personality, self-knowledge, and the links between personality and economics.
    *Added breadth and accessibility--42 more concise chapters, compared to 32 in the prior edition.

    I. Theoretical Perspectives and Conceptual Units
    1. The Evolution of Human Personality, David M. G. Lewis & David M. Buss
    2. History, Measurement, and Conceptual Elaboration of the Big-Five Trait Taxonomy: The Paradigm Matures, Oliver P. John & Christopher J. Soto
    3. Toward an Integrative Theory of Motivation, Personality, and Development, Carol S. Dweck
    4. Achievement Goal Complexes: Integrating the “What” and the “Why” of Achievement Motivation, Nicolas Sommet, Andrew J. Elliot, & Kennon M. Sheldon
    5. Narrative Identity and the Life Story, Dan P. McAdams
    II. Biological Foundations
    6. Temperament: Theory and Research, Lee Anna Clark & David Watson
    7. Personality in Animals: What Can We Learn from a Species-Comparative Approach?, Alexander Weiss
    8. The Neurobiology of Personality, Colin G. DeYoung, Rachael G. Grazioplene, & Timothy A. Allen
    9. Behavioral Genetics and Personality: Ongoing Efforts to Integrate Nature and Nurture, Robert F. Krueger & Wendy Johnson
    10. Molecular Genetics of Personality, Marleen H. M. de Moor
    III. Development
    11. Personality Development across the Life Course: A Neo-Socioanalytic Perspective, Brent W. Roberts & Lauren B. Nickel
    12. Personality Development in Middle Childhood, Rebecca L. Shiner
    13. Personality in Adolescence, Filip De Fruyt & Evalill Bølstad Karevold
    14. Personality and Life Transitions in Young Adulthood, Wiebke Bleidorn & Jaap J. A. Denissen
    15. Personality Development in Adulthood and Later Life, Daniel K. Mroczek, Eileen K. Graham, Nicholas A. Turiano, & Mazeed Omotilewa Aro-Lambo
    16. Personality and Parenting, Olivia E. Atherton & Thomas J. Schofield
    IV. Cognitive and Motivational Processes
    17. Cognitive Approaches to Personality, Michael D. Robinson
    18. Implicit Motives, Oliver C. Schultheiss & Martin G. Köllner
    19. A Cognitive–Affective Processing System Approach to Personality Dispositions: Rejection Sensitivity as an Illustrative Case Study, Ozlem Ayduk & Rodolfo Mendoza-Denton
    20. Creativity and Genius, Dean Keith Simonton
    V. Affective Processes
    21. Emotion and Personality: A Social Functionalist Approach, Dacher Keltner & Michelle N. Shiota
    22. The Approach System as a Component of Personality, Sheri L. Johnson, Benjamin Swerdlow, Jennifer Pearlstein, Manon Ironside, & Charles S. Carver
    23. The Self-Conscious and Social Emotions: A Personality and Social Functionalist Account, Jessica L. Tracy & Aaron C. Weidman
    24. Emotion Regulation: Basic Processes and Individual Differences, Tammy English, Lameese Eldesouky, & James J. Gross
    25. Self-Regulatory Processes, Stress, and Coping, Charles S. Carver & Michael F. Scheier
    VI. Self- and Social Processes: Relationships, Culture, Environment
    26. Naturalizing the Self, Richard W. Robins
    27. Identity Negotiation: A Theory of Self and Social Interaction, William B. Swann, Jr. & Jennifer K. Bosson
    28. Self-Regulation and Personality, Rick H. Hoyle & Erin K. Davisson
    29. Narcissism in Contemporary Personality Psychology, M. Brent Donnellan, Robert A. Ackerman, & Aidan G. C. Wright
    30. Attachment Theory and Its Place in Contemporary Personality Theory and Research, R. Chris Fraley & Phillip R. Shaver
    31. Persons, Situations, and Person–Situation Interactions, R. Michael Furr & David C. Funder
    32. Culture and Personality: Current Directions, Shigehiro Oishi, Kostadin Kushlev, & Verónica Benet-Martinez
    VII. Applications and Implications
    33. Personality and Religion, Sarah A. Schnitker & Robert A. Emmons
    34. Personality and Subjective Well-Being, Richard E. Lucas & Ed Diener
    35. Personality and Psychopathology, Jennifer L. Tackett & Stephanie Mullins-Sweatt
    36. Personality and Personality Disorder, Thomas A. Widiger & Joshua R. Oltmanns
    37. Personality and Health: A Lifespan Perspective, Howard S. Friedman & Sarah E. Hampson
    VIII. Emerging Issues and New Directions
    38. Personality Interventions, Joshua J. Jackson, Emorie D. Beck, & Anissa Mike
    39. Ecological Sampling Methods for Studying Personality in Daily Life, Matthias R. Mehl & Cornelia Wrzus
    40. Putting Personality in Its Place: A Geographical Perspective on Personality Traits, Peter J. Rentfrow & Samuel D. Gosling
    41. What Do We Know When We Know Ourselves?, Simine Vazire & Erika Carlson
    42. Some Contributions of Economics to the Study of Personality, James J. Heckman, Tomáš Jagelka, & Tim Kautz
    Author Index
    Subject Index


    Oliver P. John, PhD, is Professor of Psychology and Research Psychologist at the Institute of Personality and Social Research at the University of California, Berkeley. He has served as Associate Editor of Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin and has contributed nationally and internationally to the application of psychological research to economic and education policy. Dr. John is a recipient of the Jack Block Award for Senior Career Contributions to Personality Psychology from the Society for Personality and Social Psychology and the Best Paper of the Year Award from the Journal of Research in Personality, among numerous other honors. His research focuses on personality structure and development, emotion expression and regulation, self and self-perception processes, and research methods; his Big Five Inventory and Emotion Regulation Questionnaire have been translated into more than 20 languages.

    Richard W. Robins, PhD, is Professor of Psychology at the University of California, Davis, where he is Director of the Personality, Self, and Emotions Laboratory; Director of the California Families Project; and a member of the core faculty for the National Institute of Mental Health Training Program in Affective Science. Dr. Robins is Associate Editor of Personality and Social Psychology Review and past Associate Editor of the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. He is a recipient of the Distinguished Scientific Award for Early Career Contribution to Psychology from the American Psychological Association and both the Theoretical Innovation Prize and the Diener Award for Outstanding Mid-Career Contributions to Personality Psychology from the Society for Personality and Social Psychology. His research focuses on personality, emotion, the self, and ethnic-minority youth development.

    "The study of personality is the study of the person in context--and requires psychologists to integrate the contributions of disciplines as disparate as genetics, biology, mathematics, sociology, and economics. This handbook is a powerful example of the breadth of the field. The contributions of over 75 leading scholars are organized into one volume. This fourth edition will be required reading for graduate students and will help scholars continue to integrate the diverse approaches to personality."--William Revelle, PhD, Department of Psychology, Northwestern University

    "This fourth edition is a tour de force! Chapters cover the gamut of contemporary personality theory and research, ranging from biological to cultural approaches. Several chapters unpack in great detail the biological underpinnings of personality. A particularly great addition to this volume is Carol Dweck’s chapter on her integrative theory of motivation, personality, and development. The writing is engaging and clear, at a level of detail suitable for graduate students and advanced undergraduates; instructors can pick and choose chapters and the order in which they appear in a syllabus. This is a terrific resource for any psychologist’s bookshelf."--Jennifer Crocker, PhD, Ohio Eminent Scholar in Social Psychology, The Ohio State University

    "The contributors to this book are a stellar group of researchers and scholars. As a developmental scientist, I am particularly interested in the numerous chapters in the fourth edition that touch on developmental issues from a personality psychology perspective. I am also excited to see the fundamental topics of emotion and self-regulation addressed from so many different perspectives. The knowledgeable and nuanced discussions of important topics will provide graduate students, researchers, and instructors with a valuable overview of the field. This is an excellent volume for graduate classes on personality."--Nancy Eisenberg, PhD, Regents' Professor of Psychology, Arizona State University

    "The Handbook of Personality has been the go-to reference for summaries of cutting-edge personality science for decades. The fourth edition brings together a range of researchers to cover all of the important topics. This edition has expanded coverage on personality development, a key sub-area that has witnessed dramatic growth during the last decade. It also addresses new questions, such as the efficacy of personality interventions and geographic differences in personality traits. This is an indispensable resource for students and scholars of personality psychology."--Christopher J. Hopwood, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis

    "With the publication of its fourth edition, this handbook now enters its fourth decade of defining the state of the science in personality theory, research, and application. Balancing coverage of classically enduring themes with newly emerging directions, the editors and contributors have captured the field's conceptual sophistication and methodological rigor. Forty-two chapters--many of them new to this edition--are organized to capture both the breadth and depth of personality science, and written in an informed and informative style."--Mark Snyder, PhD, Professor and McKnight Presidential Chair in Psychology, University of Minnesota-