4th Edition

Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology

Edited By Mohammad Pessarakli Copyright 2021
    1200 Pages 52 Color & 65 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    1200 Pages 52 Color & 65 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Continuous discoveries in plant and crop physiology have resulted in an abundance of new information since the publication of the third edition of the Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology. Following its predecessors, the fourth edition of this well-regarded handbook offers a unique, comprehensive, and complete collection of topics in the field of plant and crop physiology.

    Divided into eleven sections, for easy access of information, this edition contains more than 90 percent new material, substantial revisions, and two new sections. The handbook covers the physiology of plant and crop growth and development, cellular and molecular aspects, plant genetics and production processes. The book presents findings on plant and crop growth in response to climatic changes, and considers the potential for plants and crops adaptation, exploring the biotechnological aspects of plant and crop improvement.

    This content is used to plan, implement, and evaluate strategies for increasing plant growth and crop yield. Readers benefit from numerous tables, figures, case studies and illustrations, as well as thousands of index words, all of which increase the accessibility of the information contained in this important handbook.

    New to the Edition:

    • Contains 37 new chapters and 13 extensively revised and expanded chapters from the third edition of this book.
    • Includes new or modified sections on soil-plant-water-nutrients-microorganisms physiological relations; and on plant growth regulators, both promoters and inhibitors.
    • Additional new and modified chapters cover the physiological responses of lower plants and vascular plants and crops to metal-based nanoparticles and agrichemicals; and the growth responses of plants and crops to climate change and environmental stresses.

    With contributions from 95 scientists from 20 countries, this book provides a comprehensive resource for research and for university courses, covering plant and crop physiological responses under normal and stressful conditions ranging from cellular aspects to whole plants.

    Part 1: Soil-Plant-Water-Nutrients-Microorganisms Physiological Relations

    1. Evaluating the Recruitment of Soilborne Microbes to Seeds and Their Effects on Seed Germination of Crop Plants in Agricultural and Non-agricultural Soils 

    Betsy Arnold et al.

    2. Regulation of phosphate starvation in higher plants and role of mycorrhizae 

    Muhammad Baqir Hussain et al.

    3. Potassium Effect on Growth and Physiology of Alfalfa 

    Anowarul Islam et al.

    4. Evaluating and Managing Crops Water Requirement with Theoretical Methods and Remote Sensing Technology 

    Zohrab Samani

    Part 2: Physiology of Plant/Crop Growth and Development Stages

    5. Seed Dormancy and Germination in Medicinal Plants, Inhibitors and Promoters 

    Amir Hossein Saeidnejad

    6. Plant Aging, Developmental Stages, Reproductive and the Beginning of Flowering Stage 

    Behnam Asgari Lajayer et al.

    7. Longan Fruit Tree Physiology and Its Flowering Induction 

    Hong Li

    8. The Final Phase of Plant Life 

    Behnam Asgari Lajayer

    Part 3: Cellular and Molecular Aspects of Plant/Crop Physiology

    9. Carbon Assimilation and Partitioning in Crop Plants: A Biochemical and Physiological View 

    Alberto A. Iglesias et al.

    10. Epitranscriptomics in Plant Physiology: m6 A modifications 

    Fatemeh Aflaki et al.

    11. Characteristics of Grain Quality in Rice: Physiological and Molecular Aspects 

    Mojtaba Kordrostami et al.

    12. Role of Melatonin in Improving the Tolerance of Plants to Salinity Stress  

    Magdi T. Abdelhamid et al.

    13. Phytohormones and Abiotic Stresses - Roles of Phytohormones in Plants under Abiotic Stresses 

    Behnam Asgari Lajayer et al.

    14. Physiological Roles of Plant Nutrients, Ions, and Phytometabolites Homeostasis in Activating Antioxidative Defense Systems and Conferring Tolerance to Osmotic Stress  

    Askari-Khorasgani et al.

    Part 4: Plant/Crop Physiology and Physiological Aspects of Plant/Crop Production Processes

    15. Physiology of Grain Development in Cereals 

    Muhammad Farooq et al.

    16. Plant Nutrition: Rates of Transport and Metabolism 

    Thomas Crawford

    17. Plant Nutrition: Interactions of Mineral and Organic Substances 

    Thomas Crawford

    18. Roles and Implications of Arbuscular Mycorrhizas in Plant Nutrition 

    Catello Di Martino et al.

    19. Turfgrass Nitrogen Management: A Review  

    Haibo Liu et al.

    Part 5: Plant Growth Regulators: The Natural Hormones (Growth Promoters and Inhibiters)

    20. Plant Growth Regulators and Secondary Metabolites, Downregulation and Upregulation 

    Amir Hossein Saeidnejad

    Part 6: Physiological Responses of Plants/Crops Under Stressful (Salt, Drought, Heat, Nutrient Deficiency, and Other Environmental Stresses) Conditions

    21. Physiological Basis of Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants  Tanveer

    Ul Haq et al.

    22. Physiological adaptations in temperate crops to environmental constraints during the growing season 

    Klára Kosová et al.

    23. Osmotic Stress: An Outcome of Drought and Salinity 

    Askari-Khorasgani et al.

    24. Drought Stress Sensing-Signaling in Plants 

    Askari-Khorasgani et al.

    25. Plant Morphological and Physiological Responses to Drought Stress  

    Askari-Khorasgani et al.

    26. Morphological, Physiological and Biochemical Responses of Plants to Drought and Oxidative Stresses 

    Behnam Asgari Lajayer et al.

    27. Effects of Salinity Stress on Morpho-physiology, Biochemistry, and Proteomic Responses of Plants 

    Behnam Asgari Lajayer et al.

    28. Metabolic Regulation of Cytokinins for Conferring Heat and Drought Tolerance in Perennial Grass Species 

    Yan Xu et al.

    29. Drought Physiology of Forage Crops 

    Anowarul Islam et al.

    30. Physiological Mechanisms of Nitrogen Absorption and Assimilation in Plants under Stressful Conditions 

    Rama Shanker Dubey et al.

    31. Reactive Oxygen Species Generation, Hazards, and Defense Mechanisms in Plants under Environmental (Abiotic and Biotic) Stress Conditions 

    Rama Shanker Dubey et al.

    32. Oxidative Stress: Repercussions for Crop Productivity 

    Muhammad Farooq et al.

    33. Physiological and Biophysical Responses of Plants under Low and Ultralow Temperatures  

    Jiří Zamecnik et al.

    34. Physiological Responses of Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) to Salt Stress 

    Mohammad Pessarakli

    35. Growth and Physiological Responses of Turfgrasses Under Stressful Conditions 

    Haibo Liu et al.

    36. Urban Landscape, Trees Physiological and Environmental Stresses, Challenges and Solutions 

    Ali Nikbakht et al.

    37. Consequences of Water Stress and Salinity on Plants/Crops; Physiobiochemical and Molecular Mitigation Approaches 

    Mojtaba Kordrostami et al.

    Part 7: Physiological Responses of Plants/Crops to Heavy Metal Concentrations and Agrichemicals

    38. Heavy Metals and Phytoremediation in Plants 

    Mojtaba Kordrostami et al.

    39. Arsenic Toxicity and Tolerance Mechanisms in Crop Plants 

    Rama Shanker Dubey et al.

    40. Interactions of Nanomaterials and Plants in Remediation of the Heavy Metal Contaminated Soils 

    Behnam Asgari Lajayer et al.

    Part 8: Physiological Responses of Lower Plants (Algae) and Vascular Plants/Crops to Metal-based Nanoparticles

    41. Impact of Metal Nanoparticles on Marine and Freshwater Algae 

    Katarina Kralova et al.

    42. Risks and Benefits of Metal-based Nanoparticles for Vascular Plants 

    Katarina Kralova et al.

    Part 9: Physiology of Plant/Crop Genetics and Development

    43. Genotyping, Phenotyping, Genetic Engineering, and Screening Techniques required for Developing Drought-Tolerant Plants 

    Askari-Khorasgani et al.

    44. Genetic Diversity in Leaf Photosynthesis Among Soybeans under Field Environment 

    Wataru Yamori et al.

    Part 10: Plants/Crops Growth Responses to Climate Change and Environmental Factors

    45. Climate Change and Secondary Metabolites Production, an Ecophysiological Perspective 

    Amir Hossein Saeidnejad et al.

    46. Regulation of Growth Factors in Plants by Artificial and Supplementary LED Light: An Integrated View on Morphology and Physiology 

    Behnam Asgari Lajayer et al.

    Part 11: Future Promises: Plants and Crops Adaptation, and Biotechnological Aspects of Plants/Crops Improvement under Normal and Stressful Conditions

    47. Management of Plant Stress Physiology to Improve Crop Production and Quality 

    Ramón G. Guevara-González et al.

    48. CAM Plants as Crops: Metabolically Flexible, Hardy Plants for a Changing World 

    Alberto A. Iglesias et al.

    49. Digging deeper to define the physiological responses to environmental stress: The case of common bean and brachiaria grasses 

    Idupulapati Madhusudana Rao

    50. New Approaches for Improving Turfgrass Nutrition: Usage of Humic Substances and Mycorrhizal Inoculation 

    Ali Nikbakht et al.


    Dr. Mohammad Pessarakli is a Professor in the School of Plant Sciences, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at the University of Arizona, Tucson. His work at the University of Arizona include research and extension services as well as teaching courses in Turfgrass Science, Management, and Stress Physiology, currently teaching Plants and Our World course to large classes of over 200 students each semester. The Editor of the Handbook of Plant and Crop Stress and the Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology (both titles published by, formerly Marcel Dekker, Inc., currently Taylor and Francis Group, CRC Press), and Handbook of Photosynthesis, Handbook of Turfgrass Management and Physiology, Handbook of Cucurbits. He has written forty book chapters, is Editor-in-Chief of the Advances in Plants & Agriculture Research (APAR) Journal, Editorial Board member of the Journal of Plant Nutrition and Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis as well as Journal of Agricultural Technology, and a member of the Book Review Committee of the Crop Science Society of America, and Reviewer of the Crop Science, Agronomy, Soil Science Society of America, and HortScience Journals. He is the author or co-author of over 200 journal articles. He is an executive Board member of the American Association of the University Professors (AAUP), Arizona Chapter. He is a Certified Professional Agronomist and Certified Professional Soil Scientist (CPAg/SS), designated by the American Registry of the Certified Professionals in Agronomy, Crop Science, and Soil Science. Dr. Pessarakli is a United Nations Consultant in Agriculture for underdeveloped countries. Dr. Pessarakli’s environmental stress research work and expertise on plants and crops is internationally recognized.