Handbook of Railway Vehicle Dynamics, Second Edition: 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Handbook of Railway Vehicle Dynamics, Second Edition

2nd Edition

Edited by Simon Iwnicki, Maksym Spiryagin, Colin Cole, Tim McSweeney

CRC Press

992 pages | 842 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781138602854
pub: 2019-12-05
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Description

The Handbook of Railway Vehicle Dynamics, Second Edition provides expanded, fully updated coverage of railway vehicle dynamics. With chapters by international experts, this work surveys main areas of rolling stock and locomotive dynamics. Through mathematical analysis and numerous practical examples, it builds a deep understanding of wheel–rail interface, suspension and suspension component design, simulation and testing of electrical and mechanical systems, interaction with surrounding infrastructure, noise and vibration. Topics added in the Second Edition include magnetic levitation, rail vehicle aerodynamics, and advances in traction and braking for full trains and individual vehicles.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction

Simon Iwnicki, Maksym Spiryagin, Colin Cole, Tim McSweeney

1.1 Structure of the Handbook

Chapter 2: A History of Railway Vehicle Dynamics

A. H. Wickens

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Coning and the Kinematic Oscillation

2.3 Concepts of Curving

2.4 Dynamic Response, Hunting and the Bogie

2.5 Innovations for Improved Steering

2.6 Carter

2.7 Wheel-Rail Geometry

2.8 Creep

2.9 Matsudaira

2.10 The ORE Competition

2.11 The Complete Solution of the Hunting Problem

2.12 Later Research on Curving

2.13 Dynamic Response to Track Geometry

2.14 Suspension Design Concepts and Optimisation

2.15 Derailment

2.16 Active Suspensions

2.17 The Development of Computer Simulation

2.18 The Expanding Domain of Rail Vehicle Dynamics

References

Chapter 3: Design of Unpowered Railway Vehicles

Anna Orlova, Roman Savushkin, Iurii Boronenko, Kirill Kyakk, Ekaterina Rudakova, Artem Gusev, Veronika Fedorova, Nataly Tanicheva

3.1 General Vehicle Structure, Main Functions and Terminology

3.2 Design of car bodies

3.3 Running Gears and Components

3.4 Design of Freight Wagons Bogies

3.5 Design of Unpowered Bogies for Passenger Coaches

3.6 Design of Inter-Car Connections

3.7 Principles for the Design of Suspensions

References

Chapter 4: Design of Powered Rail Vehicles and Locomotives

Maksym Spiryagin, Qing Wu, Peter Wolfs, Valentyn Spiryagin

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Types of Railway Traction Rolling Stock and their Classification

4.3 Motive Power Energy Principles

4.4 Classification of Main Rail Traction Vehicle Components and Suspension Systems

4.5 Connection between a Frame/Car Body and Bogies

4.6 Traction Systems and their Classification

4.7 Brake Systems and their Components

4.8 Design Classification and Critical Parameters for Vehicle System Dynamics

References

Chapter 5: Magnetic Levitation Vehicles

Shihui Luo, Weihua Ma

5.1 The Option of Magnetic Levitation (Maglev) Vehicles

5.2 Classification and System Characteristics of Maglev Vehicles

5.3 Dynamics of Moving Loads on Flexible Girder

5.4 The Methodology for Maglev Vehicle Dynamics Analysis

5.5 Simulation Examples of Maglev by MBS

5.6 Concluding Remarks

References

Chapter 6: Suspension Elements and their Characteristics

Sebastian Stichel, Anna Orlova, Mats Berg, Jordi Vinolas

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Elastic Elements

6.3 Dampers

6.4 Constraints and Bumpstops

6.5 Car Body to Bogie Connections

References

Chapter 7: Wheel-Rail Contact Mechanics

Jean-Bernard Ayasse, Hugues Chollet, Michel Sebes

7.1 Introduction

7.2 The Normal Contact

7.3 The Tangent Problem

7.4 Contact Forces in the Railway Context

7.5 Recent Works and Advanced Models

Appendix 7.1 Kinematic Movement and the Klingel Formula

Appendix 7.2 Kinematic Hunting and Equivalent Conicity

Appendix 7.3 The Circle Theory

Appendix 7.4 Analysis of Y/Q and Nadal’s Criteria

List of Nomenclature

References

Chapter 8: Tribology of the Wheel-Rail Contact

Ulf Olofsson, Roger Lewis, Matthew Harmon

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Contact Conditions for the Wheel-Rail Interface

8.3 Surface Damage Mechanisms

8.4 Friction

8.5 Lubrication and Surface Modification

8.6 Emission of Sound and Airborne Particles

Chapter 9: Track Design, Dynamics and Modelling

Wanming Zhai, Shengyang Zhu

9.1 The Railway Track System

9.2 Brief Overview of Track Dynamics Modelling

9.3 Modelling of Track Dynamics

9.4 Interaction between Track and Train

9.5 System Excitations

9.6 Dynamic Properties of Track Components

9.7 Track Design Based on Vehicle-Track Coupled Dynamics

Acknowledgements

References

Chapter 10: Gauging Issues

Dr David M. Johnson

10.1 Philosophy and History of Gauging

10.2 Components of Gauging

10.3 The Gauging System

References

Chapter 11: Railway Vehicle Derailment and Prevention

Huimin Wu, Nicholas Wilson, Adam Klopp, Alexander Keylin

11.1 Introduction

11.2 History and Statistics

11.3 Railway Vehicle Derailment Mechanisms and Safety Criteria

11.4 Causes of Railway Vehicle Derailments

11.5 Assessment and Prediction of Derailment

11.6 Prevention of Derailment

References

Chapter 12: Rail Vehicle Aerodynamics

Hongqi Tian

12.1 Terminology

12.2 Introduction

12.3 Research Methods of Aerodynamics for Rail Vehicles

12.4 Properties of Exterior Flow Structure of Rail Vehicles

12.5 Properties of Aerodynamic Load on Rail Vehicles

12.6 Evaluation of Aerodynamic Indexes for Rail Vehicles

Chapter 13: Longitudinal Train Dynamics and Vehicle Stability in Train Operations

Colin Cole

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Modelling Longitudinal Train Dynamics

13.3 Wagon Dynamic Responses to Longitudinal Train Dynamics

13.4 Longitudinal Train Dynamics and Train Crashworthiness

13.5 Longitudinal Passenger Comfort

References

Chapter 14: Noise and Vibration from Railway Vehicles

David Thompson, Giacomo Squicciarini, Evangelos Ntotsios, Luis Baeza

14.1 Introduction

14.2 Rolling Noise

14.3 Reducing Rolling Noise

14.4 Impact Noise and Vibration

14.5 Curve Squeal

14.6 Aerodynamic Noise

14.7 Other Sources of Noise

14.8 Vehicle Interior Noise

14.9 Ground-Borne Vibration and Noise

14.10 Vibration Comfort on Trains

References

Chapter 15: Active Suspensions

Roger M. Goodall, T.X. Mei

15.1 Introduction

15.2 Basics of Active Suspensions

15.3 Tilting Trains

15.4 Active Secondary Suspensions

15.5 Active Primary Suspensions

15.6 Overall Summary and Long-Term Trends

Nomenclature

References

Chapter 16: Dynamics of the Pantograph-Catenary System

Stefano Bruni, Giuseppe Bucca, Andrea Collina, Alan Facchinetti

16.1 Introduction to Pantograph-Catenary Interaction Problems

16.2 Problems and Issues in Pantograph Design

16.3 Numerical Simulation of Pantograph-Catenary Interaction

16.4 Measurement, Testing and Qualification of Pantographs

16.5 Wear, Damage and Condition Monitoring in Pantograph-Catenary Systems

16.6 Long Term Trends

References

Chapter 17: Simulation of Railway Vehicle Dynamics

Oldrich Polach, Mats Berg, Simon Iwnicki

17.1 Introduction

17.2 Modelling Vehicle-Track Interaction

17.3 Simulation Methods

17.4 Computer Simulation Tools

17.5 Dynamics in Railway Vehicle Engineering

17.6 Typical Railway Vehicle Dynamics Computation Tasks

17.7 Conclusions

References

Chapter 18: Field Testing and Instrumentation of Railway Vehicles

Julian Stow

18.1Introduction

18.2 Common Transducers

18.3 Test Equipment Configuration and Environment

18.4 Data Acquisition

18.5 Measurement of Wheel and Rail Profiles

18.6 Track Geometry Recording

18.7 Laboratory and Field Testing for Validation and Acceptance

References

Chapter 19: Roller Rigs

P. D. Allen, Weihua Zhang, Yaru Liang, Jing Zeng, Henning Jung, Enrico Meli, Alessandro Ridolfi, Andrea Rindi, Martin Heller, Joerg Koch

19.1 Introduction

19.2 The History of Roller Rigs

19.3 Roller Rig Facilities and Analysis of Capabilities

19.4 Roller Rig Case Studies

19.5 Roller Rig Experimental Methods and Errors

19.6 Conclusions

Acknowledgements

References

Chapter 20: Scale Testing Theory and Approaches

Nicola Bosso, P. D. Allen, Nicolo Zampieri

20.1 Introduction

20.2 A Brief History of Scaled Roller Rigs

20.3 Roller Rigs: The Scaling Problem

20.4 Scaling Errors

20.5 Survey of Current Scaled Roller Rigs

20.6 Scaled Prototype Testing on Track

20.7 Scaled Prototypes: Typical Applications

20.8 Conclusions

Acknowledgments

References

Chapter 21: Railway Vehicle Dynamics Glossary

Tim McSweeney

21.1 Vagaries of Railway Terminology and Jargon

21.2 Glossary

About the Editors

Simon Iwnicki is Professor of Railway Engineering at the University of Huddersfield in the UK where he is Director of the Institute of Railway Research (IRR). The IRR has an international reputation for its research and support to industry, providing not only valuable practical solutions to specific problems in the industry, but making significant contributions to the understanding of some of the fundamental mechanisms of the wheel-rail interaction on which the safe and economical operation of railways depends. Professor Iwnicki is Editor in Chief of Part F of the Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers (the Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit) and Co-Editor (responsible for railway matters) of the journal Vehicle System Dynamics. He was the academic co-chair of RRUKA (the Rail Research UK Association) from 2010 to 2014 and, from 2014 to 2015, he was Chair of the Railway Division of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. He is a former member of the Scientific Committee of Shift2Rail.

Maksym Spiryagin is a Professor of Engineering and the Deputy Director of the Centre for Railway Engineering at Central Queensland University, Australia. He received his PhD in the field of railway transport in 2004 at the East Ukrainian National University. Professor Spiryagin’s involvement in academia and railway industry projects includes research experience in Australia, China, Italy, South Korea and Ukraine involving locomotive design and traction, rail vehicle dynamics, acoustics and real-time and software-enabled control systems, mechatronics and the development of complex mechatronic systems using various approaches (co-simulation, software-in-the-loop, processor-in-the-loop and hardware-in-the loop simulations).

Colin Cole is a Professor of Mechanical Engineering and the Director of the Centre for Railway Engineering at Central Queensland University, Australia. His work history includes over 31 years in railway industry and research roles starting in 1984 with six years working in Mechanised Track Maintenance in Queensland Railways. Since then his experience has included both rolling stock and infrastructure areas. He has worked in railway research for the past 25 years and his 1999 PhD thesis was on Longitudinal Train Dynamics. He has conducted a range of rail projects related to field testing of trains, simulation of dynamics, energy studies, train braking, derailment investigation, railway standards and innovations in measurement and control devices.

Tim McSweeney is an Adjunct Research Fellow at the Centre for Railway Engineering (CRE) at Central Queensland University in Australia. He has over 45 years of experience in the field of railway fixed infrastructure asset management, specialising particularly in track engineering in the heavy-haul environment. He was the senior Infrastructure Manager overseeing the Bowen Basin coal network for Queensland Rail from 1991 until 2001. He then joined the CRE to follow his interest in railway research. Tim is a Member of the Railway Technical Society of Australasia and a Fellow of the Permanent Way Institution. Central Queensland University awarded him an Honorary Master of Engineering degree in 2011. He has co-authored two books and thirty technical papers and consultancy reports on various aspects of railway engineering and operations.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI041000
SCIENCE / Mechanics / General
TEC007000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Electrical
TEC009020
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / General
TEC009070
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Mechanical
TEC009160
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / Transport
TEC016000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Design / General
TEC027000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Nanotechnology & MEMS