1st Edition

Handbook of Refinery Desulfurization




ISBN 9781466596719
Published September 25, 2015 by CRC Press
476 Pages 122 B/W Illustrations

USD $195.00

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Book Description

Handbook of Refinery Desulfurization describes the operation of the various desulfurization process units in a petroleum refinery. It also explains the processes that produce raw materials for the petrochemical industry. It illustrates all the possible processes to lower the sulfur contents in petroleum and its fractions to decrease emissions of sulfur oxides.

This book introduces you to desulfurization concepts, including biodesulfurization, as well as technology, giving guidance on how to accomplish desulfurization in various refining processes. It contains background chapters on the composition and evaluation of feedstocks and includes diagrams and tables of feedstocks and their respective produce. It also outlines how to decide which method should be employed to remove sulfur from different feedstocks.

A practical and thorough discussion of the field, Handbook of Refinery Desulfurization gives you a strong grasp of the various processes involved with industrial desulfurization while giving you pointers on which procedures to use under certain conditions.

Table of Contents

Desulfurization
Introduction
Hydrodesulfurization
Thermodynamic Aspects
Kinetics of Hydrodesulfurization
Sulfur Removal during Refining
Macromolecular Concepts
Sediment Formation and Fouling
References

Feedstocks
Introduction
Natural Feedstocks
Refinery-Produced Feedstocks
Sulfur in Petroleum
Sulfur Levels and Legislative Regulations
References

Feedstock Evaluation
Introduction
Feedstock Evaluation
Chromatographic Methods
Molecular Weight
Other Properties
Use of the Data
References

Desulfurization during Refining
Introduction
Refinery Configuration
Dewatering and Desalting
Distillation
Thermal Processes
Catalytic Cracking
Hydroprocesses
Deasphalting
Feedstock Modification
References

Upgrading Heavy Feedstocks
Introduction
Thermal Processes
Catalytic Cracking Processes
Solvent Processes
Future
References

Refining Chemistry
Introduction
Cracking
Hydrogenation
Isomerization
Alkylation
Polymerization
Process Chemistry
References

Influence of Feedstock
Introduction
Chemical Composition
Physical Composition
Feedstock Types
Feedstock Composition
Product Distribution
Use of the Data
References

Desulfurization Methods
Introduction
Methods for Sulfur Removal
Molecular Imprinting Technology
Future
References

Biocatalytic Desulfurization
Introduction
Scale-Up of the Biodesulfurization Technique
Nano-Biotechnology and Biodesulfurization
Future
References

Hydrodesulfurization
Introduction
Process Description
Reactor Design
Catalysts
Catalyst Bed Plugging
Catalyst Poisoning
Process Variables
References

Desulfurization Processes—Gases
Introduction
Gas Streams
Water Removal
Liquid Removal
Nitrogen Removal
Acid Gas Removal
Enrichment
Fractionation
Claus Process
References

Desulfurization Processes—Distillates
Introduction
Commercial Processes
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Polishing
Biodesulfurization
References

Desulfurization Processes—Heavy Feedstocks
Introduction
Process Options
Catalysts
References

Hydrogen Production and Management
Introduction
Feedstocks
Process Chemistry
Commercial Processes
Catalysts
Purification
Hydrogen Management and Safety
References

Conversion Factors

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Author(s)

Biography

Nour Shafik El-Gendy, PhD, is a professor of environmental biotechnology and head manager of Petroleum Biotechnology Lab, Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute, Cairo, Egypt. She is the author of three books on biofuels, petroleum refinery, and biotechnology, as well as more than 85 research papers on oil pollution, bioremediation, biosorption, biofuels, macro- and micro-corrosion, green chemistry, wastewater treatment, and nano-bio-technology and its applications in biofuels and the petroleum industry. She is also an editor and reviewer for 15 and 12 international journals on environmental biotechnology, respectively. She is a member of many international associations concerned with environmental health and science. She is also a lecturer and supervisor for undergraduate research projects at the British University in Egypt, a faculty member of chemical engineering at Cairo University, and teaches an environmental biotechnology course for postgraduates at Monufia University. Her biography is recorded in Who’s Who in Science and Engineering, Ninth Edition, 2006-2007.

James G. Speight, PhD, is the author of more than 60 books on petroleum science, petroleum engineering, and environmental sciences whose work has earned several awards in the United States, Russia, and Trinidad and Tobago. He has been an adjunct professor in the Department of Chemical and Fuels Engineering at the University of Utah and in the Departments of Chemistry and Chemical and Petroleum Engineering at the University of Wyoming. He has also been a visiting professor at the University of Missouri in Columbia, the Technical University of Denmark, and the University of Trinidad and Tobago.