Handbook of Refinery Desulfurization: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Handbook of Refinery Desulfurization

1st Edition

By Nour Shafik El-Gendy, James G. Speight

CRC Press

476 pages | 122 B/W Illus.

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Description

Handbook of Refinery Desulfurization describes the operation of the various desulfurization process units in a petroleum refinery. It also explains the processes that produce raw materials for the petrochemical industry. It illustrates all the possible processes to lower the sulfur contents in petroleum and its fractions to decrease emissions of sulfur oxides.

This book introduces you to desulfurization concepts, including biodesulfurization, as well as technology, giving guidance on how to accomplish desulfurization in various refining processes. It contains background chapters on the composition and evaluation of feedstocks and includes diagrams and tables of feedstocks and their respective produce. It also outlines how to decide which method should be employed to remove sulfur from different feedstocks.

A practical and thorough discussion of the field, Handbook of Refinery Desulfurization gives you a strong grasp of the various processes involved with industrial desulfurization while giving you pointers on which procedures to use under certain conditions.

Table of Contents

Desulfurization

Introduction

Hydrodesulfurization

Thermodynamic Aspects

Kinetics of Hydrodesulfurization

Sulfur Removal during Refining

Macromolecular Concepts

Sediment Formation and Fouling

References

Feedstocks

Introduction

Natural Feedstocks

Refinery-Produced Feedstocks

Sulfur in Petroleum

Sulfur Levels and Legislative Regulations

References

Feedstock Evaluation

Introduction

Feedstock Evaluation

Chromatographic Methods

Molecular Weight

Other Properties

Use of the Data

References

Desulfurization during Refining

Introduction

Refinery Configuration

Dewatering and Desalting

Distillation

Thermal Processes

Catalytic Cracking

Hydroprocesses

Deasphalting

Feedstock Modification

References

Upgrading Heavy Feedstocks

Introduction

Thermal Processes

Catalytic Cracking Processes

Solvent Processes

Future

References

Refining Chemistry

Introduction

Cracking

Hydrogenation

Isomerization

Alkylation

Polymerization

Process Chemistry

References

Influence of Feedstock

Introduction

Chemical Composition

Physical Composition

Feedstock Types

Feedstock Composition

Product Distribution

Use of the Data

References

Desulfurization Methods

Introduction

Methods for Sulfur Removal

Molecular Imprinting Technology

Future

References

Biocatalytic Desulfurization

Introduction

Scale-Up of the Biodesulfurization Technique

Nano-Biotechnology and Biodesulfurization

Future

References

Hydrodesulfurization

Introduction

Process Description

Reactor Design

Catalysts

Catalyst Bed Plugging

Catalyst Poisoning

Process Variables

References

Desulfurization Processes—Gases

Introduction

Gas Streams

Water Removal

Liquid Removal

Nitrogen Removal

Acid Gas Removal

Enrichment

Fractionation

Claus Process

References

Desulfurization Processes—Distillates

Introduction

Commercial Processes

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Polishing

Biodesulfurization

References

Desulfurization Processes—Heavy Feedstocks

Introduction

Process Options

Catalysts

References

Hydrogen Production and Management

Introduction

Feedstocks

Process Chemistry

Commercial Processes

Catalysts

Purification

Hydrogen Management and Safety

References

Conversion Factors

About the Authors

Nour Shafik El-Gendy, PhD, is a professor of environmental biotechnology and head manager of Petroleum Biotechnology Lab, Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute, Cairo, Egypt. She is the author of three books on biofuels, petroleum refinery, and biotechnology, as well as more than 85 research papers on oil pollution, bioremediation, biosorption, biofuels, macro- and micro-corrosion, green chemistry, wastewater treatment, and nano-bio-technology and its applications in biofuels and the petroleum industry. She is also an editor and reviewer for 15 and 12 international journals on environmental biotechnology, respectively. She is a member of many international associations concerned with environmental health and science. She is also a lecturer and supervisor for undergraduate research projects at the British University in Egypt, a faculty member of chemical engineering at Cairo University, and teaches an environmental biotechnology course for postgraduates at Monufia University. Her biography is recorded in Who’s Who in Science and Engineering, Ninth Edition, 2006-2007.

James G. Speight, PhD, is the author of more than 60 books on petroleum science, petroleum engineering, and environmental sciences whose work has earned several awards in the United States, Russia, and Trinidad and Tobago. He has been an adjunct professor in the Department of Chemical and Fuels Engineering at the University of Utah and in the Departments of Chemistry and Chemical and Petroleum Engineering at the University of Wyoming. He has also been a visiting professor at the University of Missouri in Columbia, the Technical University of Denmark, and the University of Trinidad and Tobago.

About the Series

Chemical Industries

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013000
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
SCI013060
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical
TEC009010
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Chemical & Biochemical
TEC010000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General
TEC031030
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Power Resources / Fossil Fuels