Handbook of Scientific Proposal Writing  book cover
1st Edition

Handbook of Scientific Proposal Writing

ISBN 9781138114203
Published October 26, 2017 by Chapman and Hall/CRC
243 Pages 59 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Investigators, their home institutions, and funding agencies play significant roles in the development and outcomes of scientific projects. Submitting a proposal to a funding agency is only one dimension of a multivariable and complex funding process, and understanding this is a good first step toward unlocking the puzzle behind why some research proposals receive awards while others are declined. The Handbook of Scientific Proposal Writing offers researchers and research administrators a broad perspective on the process of initiating and conducting funded scientific research projects.

Written for students and researchers in all fields and disciplines, this reference offers a holistic approach to conceiving and then converting new ideas into effective proposals. It focuses on the technical aspects of writing proposals rather than the fund-raising issues. Chapters provide full coverage of the scientific method, including information on how scientific research should be conducted.

Providing the tools necessary to organize ideas and obtain the funds needed to effectively manage projects, the Handbook of Scientific Proposal Writing includes:

  • 56 figures and 25 tables to help convey key ideas
  • More than 150 citations that provide pointers to additional sources for further reading
  • Examples to help the reader ease through more abstract concepts
  • End-of-chapter questions to stimulate further examination and comprehension

Table of Contents

Scientific research: The fountain of progress
A brief history and origins of scientific exploration
What is scientific research?
What makes a research activity more significant than others?
The scientific integrity and intellectual merit of a research activity
The scientific method: Common denominator of all scientific research
Empirical, experimental, and theoretical research
Interplay between basic and applied research
Role of technology in scientific research

Factors impacting outcomes of proposals
Intellectual merit: An essential ingredient for all research proposals
What is the broader impact and why is it important?
Should every proposal have a "real-world application?"
When should a research proposal be submitted?
Calibration of preliminary research ideas
Is every investigator equally qualified to win funding?
Using online bibliometric tools for self-assessment of research qualifications
Collaborating with other researchers

Building blocks of a winning proposal
How should a research proposal be organized?
Proposal summary templates and samples
Commonly used verbs in proposal summaries
How to organize and prose an effective introduction
Research problems and proposed work
Approach and preliminary results
Plan of proposed work
Expected contributions and broader impact
Qualifications of researchers
Ten most common mistakes that make proposals fail
What to do if your proposal is declined

Getting on with conducting a funded research project
Assembling a research team
Carrying out the proposed work
Reaching research milestones and publicizing results
Reporting functions
Working on several research projects at once
Getting ready for next research proposal

Promoting research in universities
Synergy between education and research
Graduate study and research programs
Measuring faculty contributions and performance
Top five mistakes universities should avoid

Scientific research: A funding agency perspective
A funding agency model for scientific research
Proposal solicitation and submission process
Classification of proposals
Reviewer selection and panel assignment process
Proposal review and evaluation process
Ranking proposals
Grant management and measuring effectiveness of funding
Role of program directors in proposal evaluation and funding decisions
Five mistakes funding agencies should avoid to improve their impact


Each chapter includes a Summary, Biographical notes, and Questions

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A. Yavuz Oruç¸ received the B.Sc. degree in electrical engineering from the Middle East Technical University in 1976, the M.Sc. degree in electronics from the University of Wales in 1978, and the Ph.D. degree in electrical engineering from Syracuse University in 1983. He has done research in computer systems, parallel processing, and interconnection network theory. His more recent research has focused on quantum packet switching, an emerging field of research in quantum information processing. He was the director of the Computer Systems Architecture Program at the US National Science Foundation from 2000 to 2002, and served as a senior advisor to the President of the Scientific Research and Technological Council of Turkey between 2005 and 2008.

Dr. Oruç has been a full professor at the University of Maryland, College Park since 1995. He previously held faculty positions at RPI and Bilkent University. His research resulted in more than 110 publications in archival journals and conference proceedings, and the supervision of 16 doctoral dissertations and 24 Masters theses. He was an associate editor for the IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems between 2003 and 2007.

He is the co-inventor of the CodeMill language and programming software for which he received the 2000 Teaching With Technology Award from University of Maryland. Dr. Oruç is also the co-inventor of Whowon, a computer application that provides election results on iPhones.