2nd Edition

Handbook of Standards and Guidelines in Human Factors and Ergonomics

Edited By Waldemar Karwowski, Anna Szopa, Marcelo M. Soares Copyright 2021
    774 Pages 126 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    With an updated edition including new material in additional chapters, this one-of-a-kind handbook covers not only current standardization efforts, but also anthropometry and optimal working postures, ergonomic human computer interactions, legal protection, occupational health and safety, and military human factor principles. While delineating the crucial role that standards and guidelines play in facilitating the design of advantageous working conditions to enhance individual performance, the handbook suggests ways to expand opportunities for global economic and ergonomic development.


    This book features:

    • Guidance on the design of work systems including tasks, equipment, and workspaces as well as the work environment in relation to human capacities and limitations
    • Emphasis on important human factors and ergonomic standards that can be utilized to improve product and process to ensure efficiency and safety
    • A focus on quality control to ensure that standards are met throughout the worldwide market

    SECTION I Standardization Efforts in Human Factors and Ergonomics

    Chapter 1 An Overview of International Standardization Efforts in Human Factors and Ergonomics

    Anna Szopa and Waldemar Karwowski

    Chapter 2 Positioning Ergonomics Standards and Standardization

    Jan Dul and Henk J. de Vries

    Chapter 3 Ergonomic Performance Standards and Regulations—Their Scientific and Operational Basis

    Thomas J. Smith

    SECTION II Nature of HF/E Standards and Guidelines

    Chapter 4 Standardization Efforts in the Fields of Human Factors and Ergonomics

    James M. Oglesby, Kimberly Stowers, Kevin Leyva, and Eduardo Salas

    Chapter 5 Overview of National and International Standards and Guidelines

    Carol Stuart-Buttle

    Chapter 6 Balancing Stakeholder Representation: An Example of Stakeholder Involvement in Ergonomics Standardization

    H. Willemse, Henk J. de Vries, and Jan Dul

    Chapter 7 Ergonomics Standards in Ancient China

    Pei-Luen Patrick Rau

    Chapter 8 Standard in Safety Management that Takes into Account Humans’ Irrational Behavior and Decision Making

    Atsuo Murata

    Chapter 9 The Brazilian Federal Standard Applied to Ergonomics

    Marcelo M. Soares, Eduardo Ferro dos Santos, Carlos Mauricio Duque dos Santos, Rosangela Ferreira Santos, Andréa Ferreira Santos, and Karine de Oliveira

    Chapter 10 Design in the Absence of Standards

    Daniel P. Jenkins and Pete Underwood

    Chapter 11 Standards of Human Factors/Ergonomics in Cuba: Theoretic-Practical Considerations Developed

    Sandra Haydeé Mejías Herrera

    SECTION III Standards for Evaluation of Working Postures

    Chapter 12 Standards in Anthropometry

    Andreas Seid, Rainer Trieb, Anke Rissiek, and Heiner Bubb

    Chapter 13 Evaluation of Static Working Postures

    Nico J. Delleman and Jan Dul

    Chapter 14 Evaluation of Working Postures and Movements in Relation to Machinery

    Nico J. Delleman and Jan Dul

    Chapter 15 Standards on Physical Work: Demands in the Construction Industry

    Henk F. van der Molen and Nico J. Delleman

    Chapter 16 Safety of Machinery—Human Physical Performance: Manual Handling of Machinery and Component Parts of Machinery

    Karlheinz G. Schaub

    SECTION IV Standards for Manual Material Handling Tasks

    Chapter 17 Repetitive Actions and Movements of the Upper Limbs

    Enrico Occhipinti and Daniela Colombini

    Chapter 18 Ergonomics of Manual Handling—Part 1: Lifting and Carrying

    Karlheinz G. Schaub

    Chapter 19 Ergonomics of Manual Handling—Part 2: Pushing and Pulling

    Karlheinz G. Schaub and Peter Schaefer

    Chapter 20 Recommended Force Limits for Machinery Operation: A New Approach Reflecting User Group Characteristics

    Peter Schaefer and Karlheinz G. Schaub

    Chapter 21 Guidelines for the Prevention of WMSDs: The Italian Experience

    Enrico Occhipinti and Daniela Colombini

    Chapter 22 Assessment of Manual Material Handling Based on Key Indicators: German Guidelines

    Ulf Steinberg, Gustav Caffier, and Falk Liebers

    Chapter 23 Manual Lifting Standards: Ergonomic Assessment and Proposals for Redesign

    Lilia R. Prado-León and Enrique Herrera Lugo

    Chapter 24 ISO Technical Report 12295: Application Document for ISO Standards on Manual Handling (ISO 11228-1, ISO 11228-2, and ISO 11228-3) and Evaluation of Static Working Postures (ISO 11226)

    Enrico Occhipinti and Daniela Colombini

    SECTION V Standards for Human-Computer Interaction

    Chapter 25 Standards, Guidelines, and Style Guides for Human-Computer Interaction

    Tom Stewart

    Chapter 26 International Standards in Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Accessibility and Their Application in Operating Systems

    Anna Szopa

    Chapter 27 Human Factors Engineering of Computer Workstations: HFES Draft Standard for Trial Use

    Thomas J. Albin

    Chapter 28 Practical Universal Design Guidelines: A New Proposal

    Kazuhiko Yamazaki, Toshiki Yamaoka, Akira Okada, Sohsuke Saitoh,

    Masatoshi Nomura, Koji Yanagida, and Sadao Horino

    Chapter 29 Virtual Environment Usage Protocols

    Kay M. Stanney, David A. Graeber, and Robert S. Kennedy

    Chapter 30 Location and Arrangement of Displays and Control Actuators

    Robert W. Proctor and Kim-Phuong L. Vu

    Chapter 31 Maximizing the Value of Enterprise Human-Computer Interaction,Standards: Strategies and Applications

    Wei Xu

    SECTION VI Management of Occupational Safety and Health

    Chapter 32 The Benefits of Occupational Health and Safety Standards

    Denis A. Coelho, João C. O. Matias, and João N. O. Filipe

    Chapter 33 Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems: Trends, Analysis, and Effectiveness

    P. K. Nag and Anjali Nag

    Chapter 34 European Union’s Legal Standard on Risk Assessment

    Kaj Frick

    Chapter 35 ILO Guidelines on Occupational Safety and Health Management Systems

    Daniel Podgόrski

    Chapter 36 The Selected Elements of Shaping the Occupational Health and Safety Culture in a Company Based on a Polish PN-N-18001 Standard

    Radosław Wolniak and Anna Gembalska-Kwiecienì

    Chapter 37 Standards in Architectural and Building Acoustics

    Joanna Jablonska and Elzbieta Trocka-Leszczynska

    Chapter 38 Development of Medical Devices: Between Regulatory and Standards Requirements Versus Adopted Models

    Omar Kheir, Alexis Jacoby, and Stijn Verwulgen

    SECTION VII Safety and Legal Protection Standards

    Chapter 39 Printed Warning Signs, Tags, and Labels: Their Choice, Design,and Expectation of Success

    Charles A. Cacha

    Chapter 40 Record Keeping and Statistics in Safety and Risk Management

    Charles A. Cacha

    Chapter 41 User Needs in Standards—Older People and People with Disabilities

    Anne Ferguson

    SECTION VIII Military Human Factors Standards

    Chapter 42 The Role of Human Systems Integration Standards in the Modern Department of Defense Acquisition Process

    Joe W. McDaniel and Gerald Chaikin

    SECTION IX Sources of Human Factors and Ergonomics


    Chapter 43 Sources and Bibliography of Selected Human Factors and Ergonomics Standards

    Anna Szopa and Waldemar Karwowski



    Waldemar Karwowski, Anna Szopa, Marcelo M. Soares