Handbook of Superconductivity : Characterization and Applications, Volume Three book cover
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Handbook of Superconductivity
Characterization and Applications, Volume Three




ISBN 9781439817360
Published July 5, 2022 by CRC Press
880 Pages 705 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

This is the last of three volumes of the extensively revised and updated second edition of the Handbook of Superconductivity. The past twenty years have seen rapid progress in superconducting materials, which exhibit one of the most remarkable physical states of matter ever to be discovered. Superconductivity brings quantum mechanics to the scale of the everyday world. Viable applications of superconductors rely fundamentally on an understanding of these intriguing phenomena and the availability of a range of materials with bespoke properties to meet practical needs.

While the first volume covers fundamentals and various classes of materials, the second addresses processing of these into various shapes and configurations needed for applications, and ends with chapters on refrigeration methods necessary to attain the superconducting state and the desired performance. This third volume starts with a wide range of methods permitting one to characterize both the materials and various end products of processing. Subsequently, diverse classes of both large scale and electronic applications are described. Volume 3 ends with a glossary relevant to all three volumes.

Key Features:

  • Covers the depth and breadth of the field
  • Includes contributions from leading academics and industry professionals across the world
  • Provides hands-on familiarity with the characterization methods and offers descriptions of representative examples of practical applications

A comprehensive reference, the handbook is suitable for both graduate students and practitioners in experimental physics, materials science, and multiple engineering disciplines, including electronic and electrical, chemical, mechanical, metallurgy and others.

Table of Contents

Foreword

Preface

Acknowledgements

Editors-in-Chief

Contributors

Part G Characterization and Modelling Techniques

G1 Introduction to Section G1: Structure/Microstructure

Lance D. Cooley

G1.1 X-Ray Studies: Chemical Crystallography

Lance D. Cooley, Roman Gladyshevskii, and Theo Siegrist

G1.2 X-Ray Studies: Phase Transformations and Microstructure Changes

Christian Scheuerlein and M. Di Michiel

G1.3 Transmission Electron Microscopy

Fumitake Kametani

G1.4 An Introduction to Digital Image Analysis of Superconductors

Charlie Sanabria and Peter J. Lee

G1.5 Optical Microscopy

Pavel Diko

G1.6 Neutron Techniques: Flux-Line Lattice

Jonathan White

G2 Introduction to Section G2: Measurement and Interpretation of Electromagnetic Properties

Fedor Gömöry

G2.1 Electromagnetic Properties of Superconductors

Archie M. Campbell

G2.2 Numerical Models of the Electromagnetic Behavior of Superconductors

Francesco Grilli

G2.3 DC Transport Critical Currents

Marc Dhallé

G2.4 Characterisation of the Transport Critical Current Density for Conductor Applications

Mark J. Raine, Simon A. Keys, and Damian P. Hampshire

G2.5 Magnetic Measurements of Critical Current Density, Pinning, and Flux Creep

Michael Eisterer

G2.6 AC Susceptibility

Carles Navau, Nuria Del-Valle, and Alvaro Sanchez

G2.7 AC Losses in Superconducting Materials, Wires, and Tapes

Michael D. Sumption, Milan Majoros, and Edward W. Collings

G2.8 Characterization of Superconductor Magnetic Properties in Crossed Magnetic Fields

Philippe Vanderbemden

G2.9 Microwave Impedance

Adrian Porch

G2.10 Local Probes of Magnetic Field Distribution

Alejandro V. Silhanek, Simon Bending, and Steve Lee

G2.11 Some Unusual and Systematic Properties of Hole-Doped Cuprates in the Normal and Superconducting States

John R. Cooper

G3 Introduction to Section G3: Thermal, Mechanical, and Other Properties

Antony Carrington

G3.1 Thermal Properties: Specific Heat

Antony Carrington

G3.2 Thermal Properties: Thermal Conductivity

Kamran Behnia

G3.3 Thermal Properties: Thermal Expansion

Christoph Meingast

G3.4 Mechanical Properties

Wilfried Goldacker

G3.5 Magneto-Optical Characterization Techniques

Anatolii A. Polyanskii and David C. Larbalestier

Part H Applications

H1 Introduction to Large Scale Applications

John H. Durrell and Mark Ainslie

H1.1 Electromagnet Fundamentals

Harry Jones

H1.2 Superconducting Magnet Design

M’hamed Lakrimi

H1.3 MRI Magnets

Michael Parizh and Wolfgang Stautner

H1.4 High-Temperature Superconducting Current Leads

Amalia Ballarino

H1.5 Cables

Naoyuki Amemiya

H1.6 AC and DC Power Transmission

Antonio Morandi

H1.7 Fault-Current Limiters

Tabea Arndt

H1.8 Energy Storage

Ahmet Cansiz

H1.9 Transformers

Nicholas J. Long

H1.10 Electrical Machines Using HTS Conductors

Mark D. Ainslie

H1.11 Electrical Machines Using Bulk HTS

Mark D. Ainslie

H1.12 Homopolar Motors

Arkadiy Matsekh

H1.13 Magnetic Separation

James H. P. Watson and Peter A. Beharrell

H1.14 Superconducting Radiofrequency Cavities

Gianluigi Ciovati

H2 Introduction to Section H2: High-Frequency Devices

John Gallop and Horst Rogalla

H2.1 Microwave Resonators and Filters

Daniel E. Oates

H2.2 Transmission Lines

Orest G. Vendik

H2.3 Antennae

Heinz J. Chaloupka and Victor K. Kornev

H3 Introduction to Section H3: Josephson Junction Devices

John Gallop and Alex I. Braginski

H3.1 Josephson Effects

Francesco Tafuri

H3.2 SQUIDs

Jaap Flokstra and Paul Seidel

H3.3 Biomagnetism

Tilmann H. Sander Thoemmes

H3.4 Nondestructive Evaluation

Hans-Joachim Krause, Michael Mück, and Saburo Tanaka

H3.5 Digital Electronics

Oleg A. Mukhanov

H3.6 Superconducting Analog-to-Digital Converters

Alan M. Kadin and Oleg A. Mukhanov

H3.7 Superconducting Qubits

Britton Plourde and Frank K. Wilhelm-Mauch

H4 Introduction to Radiation and Particle Detectors that Use Superconductivity

Caroline A. Kilbourne

H4.1 Superconducting Tunnel Junction Radiation Detectors

Stephan Friedrich

H4.2 Transition-Edge Sensors

Douglas A. Bennett

H4.3 Superconducting Materials for Microwave Kinetic Inductance Detectors

Benjamin A. Mazin

H4.4 Metallic Magnetic Calorimeters

Andreas Fleischmann, Loredana Gastaldo, Sebastian Kempf, and Christian Enss

H4.5 Optical Detectors and Sensors

Roman Sobolewski

H4.6 Low-Noise Superconducting Mixers for the Terahertz Frequency Range

Victor Belitsky, Serguei Cherednichenko, and Dag Winkler

H4.7 Applications: Metrology

John Gallop, Ling Hao, and Alain Rüfenacht

Glossary

Index

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Editor(s)

Biography

Professor David Cardwell, FREng, is Professor of Superconducting Engineering and Pro-Vice-Chancellor responsible for Strategy and Planning at the University of Cambridge. He was Head of the Engineering Department between 2014 and 2018. Prof. Cardwell, who established the Bulk Superconductor research group at Cambridge in 1992, has a world-wide reputation on the processing and applications of bulk high temperature superconductors. He was a founder member of the European Society for Applied Superconductivity (ESAS) in 1998 and has served as a Board member and Treasurer of the Society for the past 12 years. He is an active board member of three international journals, including Superconductor Science and Technology, and has authored over 380 technical papers and patents in the field of bulk superconductivity since 1987. He has given invited presentations at over 70 international conferences and collaborates widely around the world with academic institutes and industry. Prof. Cardwell was elected to a Fellowship of the Royal Academy of Engineering in 2012 in recognition of his contribution to the development of superconducting materials for engineering applications. He is currently a Distinguished Visiting Professor at the University of Hong Kong. He was awarded a Sc.D. by the University of Cambridge in 2014 and an honorary D.Sc. by the University of Warwick in 2015.

Professor David Larbalestier is Krafft Professor of Superconducting Materials at Florida State University and Chief Materials Scientist at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory. He was for many years Director of the Applied Superconductivity Center, first at the University of Wisconsin in Madison (1991-2006) before moving the Center to the NHMFL at Florida State University, stepping down as Director in 2018. He has been deeply interested in understanding superconducting materials that are or potentially useful as conductors and made major contributions to the understanding and betterment of Nb-Ti alloys, Nb3Sn, YBa2Cu3O7-, Bi2Sr2Ca1Cu2Ox, (Bi,Pb)2Sr2Ca2Cu3Ox, MgB2 and the Fe-based compounds. Fabrication of high field test magnets has always been an interest, starting with the first high field filamentary Nb3Sn magnets while at Rutherford Laboratory and more recently the world’s highest field DC magnet (45.5 T using a 14.5 T REBCO insert inside a 31 T resistive magnet). These works are described in ~490 papers written in partnership with more than 70 PhD students and postdocs, as well as other collaborators. He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 2003 and is a Fellow of the APS, IOP, IEEE, MRS and AAAS. He received his B.Sc. (1965) and Ph.D. (1970) degrees from Imperial College at the University of London and taught at the University of Wisconsin in Madison from 1976-2006.

Professor Alex Braginski is retired Director of a former Superconducting Electronics Institute at the Research Center Jülich (FZJ), retired Professor of Physics at the University of Wuppertal, both in Germany, and currently a guest researcher at FZJ. He received his doctoral and D.Sc. degrees in Poland, where in early 1950s he pioneered the development of ferrite technology and subsequently their industrial manufacturing, for which he received a Polish National Prize. He headed the Polfer Research Laboratory there until leaving Poland in 1966. At the Westinghouse R&D Center in Pittsburgh, PA, USA, he then in turn managed magnetics, superconducting materials and superconducting electronics groups until retiring in 1989. Personally contributed there to technology of thin-film Nb3Ge conductors and Josephson junctions (JJs), both A15 and high-Tc, also epitaxial. Invited by FZJ, he joined it and contributed to development of high-Tc JJs and RF SQUIDs. After retiring in 1989, was Vice President R&D at Cardiomag Imaging, Inc. in Schenectady, NY, USA, 2000-2002. Co-edited and co-authored The SQUID Handbook, 2004-2006, several book chapters, and authored or co-authored well over 200 journal publications and 17 patents. He founded and served as Editor of the IEEE CSC Superconductivity News Forum (SNF), 2007-2017. Is Fellow of IEEE and APS, and recipient of the IEEE CSC Award for Continuing and Significant Contributions in the Field of Applied Superconductivity, 2006.