2nd Edition

Handbook of Superconductivity Characterization and Applications, Volume Three

    880 Pages 705 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    This is the last of three volumes of the extensively revised and updated second edition of the Handbook of Superconductivity. The past twenty years have seen rapid progress in superconducting materials, which exhibit one of the most remarkable physical states of matter ever to be discovered. Superconductivity brings quantum mechanics to the scale of the everyday world. Viable applications of superconductors rely fundamentally on an understanding of these intriguing phenomena and the availability of a range of materials with bespoke properties to meet practical needs.

    While the first volume covers fundamentals and various classes of materials, the second addresses processing of these into various shapes and configurations needed for applications, and ends with chapters on refrigeration methods necessary to attain the superconducting state and the desired performance. This third volume starts with a wide range of methods permitting one to characterize both the materials and various end products of processing. Subsequently, diverse classes of both large scale and electronic applications are described. Volume 3 ends with a glossary relevant to all three volumes.

    Key Features:

    • Covers the depth and breadth of the field
    • Includes contributions from leading academics and industry professionals across the world
    • Provides hands-on familiarity with the characterization methods and offers descriptions of representative examples of practical applications

    A comprehensive reference, the handbook is suitable for both graduate students and practitioners in experimental physics, materials science, and multiple engineering disciplines, including electronic and electrical, chemical, mechanical, metallurgy and others.






    Part G Characterization and Modelling Techniques

    G1 Introduction to Section G1: Structure/Microstructure

    Lance D. Cooley

    G1.1 X-Ray Studies: Chemical Crystallography

    Lance D. Cooley, Roman Gladyshevskii, and Theo Siegrist

    G1.2 X-Ray Studies: Phase Transformations and Microstructure Changes

    Christian Scheuerlein and M. Di Michiel

    G1.3 Transmission Electron Microscopy

    Fumitake Kametani

    G1.4 An Introduction to Digital Image Analysis of Superconductors

    Charlie Sanabria and Peter J. Lee

    G1.5 Optical Microscopy

    Pavel Diko

    G1.6 Neutron Techniques: Flux-Line Lattice

    Jonathan White

    G2 Introduction to Section G2: Measurement and Interpretation of Electromagnetic Properties

    Fedor Gömöry

    G2.1 Electromagnetic Properties of Superconductors

    Archie M. Campbell

    G2.2 Numerical Models of the Electromagnetic Behavior of Superconductors

    Francesco Grilli

    G2.3 DC Transport Critical Currents

    Marc Dhallé

    G2.4 Characterisation of the Transport Critical Current Density for Conductor Applications

    Mark J. Raine, Simon A. Keys, and Damian P. Hampshire

    G2.5 Magnetic Measurements of Critical Current Density, Pinning, and Flux Creep

    Michael Eisterer

    G2.6 AC Susceptibility

    Carles Navau, Nuria Del-Valle, and Alvaro Sanchez

    G2.7 AC Losses in Superconducting Materials, Wires, and Tapes

    Michael D. Sumption, Milan Majoros, and Edward W. Collings

    G2.8 Characterization of Superconductor Magnetic Properties in Crossed Magnetic Fields

    Philippe Vanderbemden

    G2.9 Microwave Impedance

    Adrian Porch

    G2.10 Local Probes of Magnetic Field Distribution

    Alejandro V. Silhanek, Simon Bending, and Steve Lee

    G2.11 Some Unusual and Systematic Properties of Hole-Doped Cuprates in the Normal and Superconducting States

    John R. Cooper

    G3 Introduction to Section G3: Thermal, Mechanical, and Other Properties

    Antony Carrington

    G3.1 Thermal Properties: Specific Heat

    Antony Carrington

    G3.2 Thermal Properties: Thermal Conductivity

    Kamran Behnia

    G3.3 Thermal Properties: Thermal Expansion

    Christoph Meingast

    G3.4 Mechanical Properties

    Wilfried Goldacker

    G3.5 Magneto-Optical Characterization Techniques

    Anatolii A. Polyanskii and David C. Larbalestier

    Part H Applications

    H1 Introduction to Large Scale Applications

    John H. Durrell and Mark Ainslie

    H1.1 Electromagnet Fundamentals

    Harry Jones

    H1.2 Superconducting Magnet Design

    M’hamed Lakrimi

    H1.3 MRI Magnets

    Michael Parizh and Wolfgang Stautner

    H1.4 High-Temperature Superconducting Current Leads

    Amalia Ballarino

    H1.5 Cables

    Naoyuki Amemiya

    H1.6 AC and DC Power Transmission

    Antonio Morandi

    H1.7 Fault-Current Limiters

    Tabea Arndt

    H1.8 Energy Storage

    Ahmet Cansiz

    H1.9 Transformers

    Nicholas J. Long

    H1.10 Electrical Machines Using HTS Conductors

    Mark D. Ainslie

    H1.11 Electrical Machines Using Bulk HTS

    Mark D. Ainslie

    H1.12 Homopolar Motors

    Arkadiy Matsekh

    H1.13 Magnetic Separation

    James H. P. Watson and Peter A. Beharrell

    H1.14 Superconducting Radiofrequency Cavities

    Gianluigi Ciovati

    H2 Introduction to Section H2: High-Frequency Devices

    John Gallop and Horst Rogalla

    H2.1 Microwave Resonators and Filters

    Daniel E. Oates

    H2.2 Transmission Lines

    Orest G. Vendik

    H2.3 Antennae

    Heinz J. Chaloupka and Victor K. Kornev

    H3 Introduction to Section H3: Josephson Junction Devices

    John Gallop and Alex I. Braginski

    H3.1 Josephson Effects

    Francesco Tafuri

    H3.2 SQUIDs

    Jaap Flokstra and Paul Seidel

    H3.3 Biomagnetism

    Tilmann H. Sander Thoemmes

    H3.4 Nondestructive Evaluation

    Hans-Joachim Krause, Michael Mück, and Saburo Tanaka

    H3.5 Digital Electronics

    Oleg A. Mukhanov

    H3.6 Superconducting Analog-to-Digital Converters

    Alan M. Kadin and Oleg A. Mukhanov

    H3.7 Superconducting Qubits

    Britton Plourde and Frank K. Wilhelm-Mauch

    H4 Introduction to Radiation and Particle Detectors that Use Superconductivity

    Caroline A. Kilbourne

    H4.1 Superconducting Tunnel Junction Radiation Detectors

    Stephan Friedrich

    H4.2 Transition-Edge Sensors

    Douglas A. Bennett

    H4.3 Superconducting Materials for Microwave Kinetic Inductance Detectors

    Benjamin A. Mazin

    H4.4 Metallic Magnetic Calorimeters

    Andreas Fleischmann, Loredana Gastaldo, Sebastian Kempf, and Christian Enss

    H4.5 Optical Detectors and Sensors

    Roman Sobolewski

    H4.6 Low-Noise Superconducting Mixers for the Terahertz Frequency Range

    Victor Belitsky, Serguei Cherednichenko, and Dag Winkler

    H4.7 Applications: Metrology

    John Gallop, Ling Hao, and Alain Rüfenacht




    David A. Cardwell