Handbook of Superconductivity : Fundamentals and Materials, Volume One book cover
2nd Edition

Handbook of Superconductivity
Fundamentals and Materials, Volume One

ISBN 9781439817322
Published July 5, 2022 by CRC Press
472 Pages 313 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description


This is the first of three volumes of the extensively revised and updated second edition of the Handbook of Superconductivity. The past twenty years have seen rapid progress in superconducting materials, which exhibit one of the most remarkable physical states of matter ever to be discovered. Superconductivity brings quantum mechanics to the scale of the everyday world where a single, coherent quantum state may extend over a distance of metres, or even kilometres, depending on the size of a coil or length of superconducting wire. Viable applications of superconductors rely fundamentally on an understanding of this intriguing phenomena and the availability of a range of materials with bespoke properties to meet practical needs. This first volume covers the fundamentals of superconductivity and the various classes of superconducting materials, which sets the context and background for Volumes 2 and 3.


Key Features:

  • Covers the depth and breadth of the field
  • Includes contributions from leading academics and industry professionals across the world
  • Provides hands-on guidance to the manufacturing and processing technologies


A comprehensive reference, this handbook is suitable for both graduate students and practitioners in experimental physics, materials science and multiple engineering disciplines, including electronic and electrical, chemical, mechanical, metallurgy and others.

Table of Contents






Part A Fundamentals of Superconductivity

A1 Introduction to Section A1: History, Mechanisms and Materials

David A. Cardwell and David C. Larbalestier

A1.1 Historical Development of Superconductivity

Brian Pippard

A1.2 An Introduction to Superconductivity

William F. "Joe" Vinen and Terry P. Orlando

A1.3 The Polaronic Basis for High-Temperature Superconductivity

K. Alex Müller

A2 Introduction to Section A2: Fundamental Properties

Alexander V. Gurevich

A2.1 Phenomenological Theories

Archie M. Campbell

A2.2 Microscopic Theory

Anthony J. Leggett

A2.3 Normal-State Metallic Behavior in Contrast to Superconductivity: An Introduction

David Welch

A2.4 The Meissner–Ochsenfeld Effect

Rudolf P. Huebener

A2.5 Loss of Superconductivity in Magnetic Fields

Rudolf P. Huebener

A2.6 High-Frequency Electromagnetic Properties

Adrian Porch, Enrico Silva, and Ruggero Vaglio

A2.7 Flux Quantization

Colin Gough

A2.8 Josephson Effects

Edward J. Tarte

A2.9 Other Josephson-Related Phenomena

Alexander A. Golubov and Francesco Tafuri

A3 Introduction to Section A3: Critical Currents of Type II Superconductors

David A. Cardwell

A3.1 Vortices and Their Interaction

E. Helmut Brandt

A3.2 Flux Pinning

Kees van der Beek and Peter H. Kes

Part B Low-Temperature Superconductors

B Introduction to Section B: Low-Temperature Superconductors

Peter J. Lee

B1 Nb-Based Superconductors

Gianluca De Marzi and Luigi Muzzi

B2 Magnesium Diboride

Chiara Tarantini

B3 Chevrel Phases

Damian P. Hampshire

Part C High-Temperature Superconductors

C Introduction to Section C: High-Temperature Superconductors

Jeffery L. Tallon


Jeffery L. Tallon

C2 Bismuth-Based Superconductors

Jun-ichi Shimoyama


Emilio Bellingeri and René Flükiger


Judy Z. Wu

C5 Iron-Based Superconductors

Hideo Hosono

C6 Hydrides

Jeffery L. Tallon

Part D Other Superconductors

D Introduction to Section D: Other Superconductors

Peter B. Littlewood

D1 Unconventional Superconductivity in Heavy Fermion and Ruthenate Materials

Stephen R. Julian

D2 Organic Superconductors

Gunzi Saito and Yukihiro Yoshida

D3 Fullerene Superconductors

Yoshihiro Iwasa and Kosmas Prassides

D4 Future High-Tc Superconductors

Ching-Wu Chu, Liangzi Deng, and Bing Lv

D5 Fe-Based Chalcogenide Superconductors

Ming-Jye Wang, Phillip M. Wu, and Maw-Kuen Wu

D6 Interface Superconductivity

Jörg Schmalian

D7 Topological Superconductivity

Panagiotis Kotetes



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Professor David Cardwell, FREng, is Professor of Superconducting Engineering and Pro-Vice-Chancellor responsible for Strategy and Planning at the University of Cambridge. He was Head of the Engineering Department between 2014 and 2018. Prof. Cardwell, who established the Bulk Superconductor research group at Cambridge in 1992, has a world-wide reputation on the processing and applications of bulk high temperature superconductors. He was a founder member of the European Society for Applied Superconductivity (ESAS) in 1998 and has served as a Board member and Treasurer of the Society for the past 12 years. He is an active board member of three international journals, including Superconductor Science and Technology, and has authored over 380 technical papers and patents in the field of bulk superconductivity since 1987. He has given invited presentations at over 70 international conferences and collaborates widely around the world with academic institutes and industry. Prof. Cardwell was elected to a Fellowship of the Royal Academy of Engineering in 2012 in recognition of his contribution to the development of superconducting materials for engineering applications. He is currently a Distinguished Visiting Professor at the University of Hong Kong. He was awarded a Sc.D. by the University of Cambridge in 2014 and an honorary D.Sc. by the University of Warwick in 2015.

Professor David Larbalestier is Krafft Professor of Superconducting Materials at Florida State University and Chief Materials Scientist at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory. He was for many years Director of the Applied Superconductivity Center, first at the University of Wisconsin in Madison (1991-2006) before moving the Center to the NHMFL at Florida State University, stepping down as Director in 2018. He has been deeply interested in understanding superconducting materials that are or potentially useful as conductors and made major contributions to the understanding and betterment of Nb-Ti alloys, Nb3Sn, YBa2Cu3O7-, Bi2Sr2Ca1Cu2Ox, (Bi,Pb)2Sr2Ca2Cu3Ox, MgB2 and the Fe-based compounds. Fabrication of high field test magnets has always been an interest, starting with the first high field filamentary Nb3Sn magnets while at Rutherford Laboratory and more recently the world’s highest field DC magnet (45.5 T using a 14.5 T REBCO insert inside a 31 T resistive magnet). These works are described in ~490 papers written in partnership with more than 70 PhD students and postdocs, as well as other collaborators. He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 2003 and is a Fellow of the APS, IOP, IEEE, MRS and AAAS. He received his B.Sc. (1965) and Ph.D. (1970) degrees from Imperial College at the University of London and taught at the University of Wisconsin in Madison from 1976-2006.

Professor Alex Braginski is retired Director of a former Superconducting Electronics Institute at the Research Center Jülich (FZJ), retired Professor of Physics at the University of Wuppertal, both in Germany, and currently a guest researcher at FZJ. He received his doctoral and D.Sc. degrees in Poland, where in early 1950s he pioneered the development of ferrite technology and subsequently their industrial manufacturing, for which he received a Polish National Prize. He headed the Polfer Research Laboratory there until leaving Poland in 1966. At the Westinghouse R&D Center in Pittsburgh, PA, USA, he then in turn managed magnetics, superconducting materials and superconducting electronics groups until retiring in 1989. Personally contributed there to technology of thin-film Nb3Ge conductors and Josephson junctions (JJs), both A15 and high-Tc, also epitaxial. Invited by FZJ, he joined it and contributed to development of high-Tc JJs and RF SQUIDs. After retiring in 1989, was Vice President R&D at Cardiomag Imaging, Inc. in Schenectady, NY, USA, 2000-2002. Co-edited and co-authored The SQUID Handbook, 2004-2006, several book chapters, and authored or co-authored well over 200 journal publications and 17 patents. He founded and served as Editor of the IEEE CSC Superconductivity News Forum (SNF), 2007-2017. Is Fellow of IEEE and APS, and recipient of the IEEE CSC Award for Continuing and Significant Contributions in the Field of Applied Superconductivity, 2006.