Handbook of Superconductivity
Theory, Materials, Processing, Characterization and Applications (3-Volume Set)
- Available for pre-order. Item will ship after April 2, 2021
Completely revised and updated, the second edition of the Handbook of Superconductivity is now available in three stand-alone volumes. As a whole they cover the depth and breadth of the field, drawing on an international pool of respected academics and industrial engineers. The three volumes provide hands-on guidance to the manufacturing and processing technologies associated with superconducting materials and devices. A comprehensive reference, the handbook supplies a tutorial on techniques for the beginning graduate student and a source of ancillary information for practicing scientists. The past twenty years have seen rapid progress in superconducting materials, which exhibit one of the most remarkable physical states of matter ever to be discovered. Superconductivity brings quantum mechanics to the scale of the everyday world where a single, coherent quantum state may extend over a distance of metres, or even kilometres, depending on the size of a coil or length of superconducting wire. Viable applications of superconductors rely fundamentally on an understanding of this intriguing phenomena and the availability of a range of materials with bespoke properties to meet practical needs. This first volume covers the fundamentals of superconductivity and the various classes of superconducting materials, which sets the context for volumes 2 and 3. Volume 1 ends with a tutorial on phase diagrams, and a glossary relevant to all 3 volumes.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction to Section A1: History, Mechanisms and Materials 2. Historical Development of Superconductivity 3. An Introduction to Superconductivity 4. The polaronic basis for high-temperature superconductivity 5. Introduction to Section A2: Fundamental Properties 6. Phenomenological Theories 7. Microscopic theory 8. Normal State Metallic Behavior in Contrast to Superconductivity: An Introduction 9. The Meissner–Ochsenfeld Effect 10. Loss of Superconductivity in Magnetic Fields 11. High frequency electromagnetic properties 12. Flux Quantization 13. Josephson Effects 14. Other Josephson-related Phenomena 15. Introduction to Section A3: Critical Currents of Type II Superconductors 16. Vortices and Their Interaction 17. Flux Quantization 18. Introduction to Section B: Low-Temperature Superconductors 19. Low-Temperature Superconductors 20. Magnesium Diboride 21. Chevrel Phases 22. Introduction to Section C: High-Temperature Superconductors 23. YBCO 24. Bismuth-based Superconductors 25. TIBCCO 26. HgBCCO 27. Iron-based superconductors 28. Hydrides 29. Introduction to Section D: Other Superconductors 30. Unconventional Superconductivity in Heavy Fermion and Ruthenate Superconductors 31. Organic Superconductors 32. Fullerene Superconductors 33. Future High-Tc Superconductors 34. Fe-based Chalcogenides Superconductors 35. Interface Superconductivity 36. Topological Superconductivity
1. Introduction to Processing Methods 2. Introduction to Section E2: Bulk Materials 3. Introduction to Bulk Firing Techniques 4. (RE)BCO Melt Processing Techniques: Fundamentals of the Melt Process 5. Melt Processing Techniques: Melt Process for BSCCO 6. Growth of Superconducting Single Crystals 7. Growth of A15 Type Single Crystals and Polycrystals and Their Physical Properties 8. Irradiation 9. Superconductors in future accelerators: Irradiation problems 10. Introduction to Section E3: Processing of Wires and Tapes 11. Processing of High Tc Conductors: The Compound Bi(2212) 12. Processing of High Tc Conductors: The Compound Bi,Pb(2223) 13. Processing of High Tc conductors: The Compound Tl(1223) 14. Processing of High Tc Conductors: The Compound YBCO 15. Processing of High Tc Conductors: The Compound Hg(1223) 16. Overview of high field LTS materials (without Nb3Sn) 17. Processing of Low Tc Conductors: The Alloy Nb–Ti 18. Processing of Low Tc Conductors: The Compound Nb3Sn 19. Processing of Low Tc Conductors: The Compound Nb3Al 20. Processing of Low Tc Conductors: The Compounds PbMo6S8 and SnMo6S8 21. Processing of Low Tc Conductors: The Compound MgB2 22. Processing of Pnictides 23. Introduction to Section E4: Thick and Thin Films 24. Substrates and Functional Buffer Layers 25. Physical Vapor Thin Film Deposition Techniques 26. Chemical Deposition Processes for REBa2Cu3O7 coated conductors 27. High Temperature Superconductor Films: Processing Techniques 28. Processing and Manufacture of Josephson Junctions: Low Tc 29. Processing & Manufacture of Josephson Junctions: High Tc 30. Introduction to Section E5: Superconductor Contacts 31. Superconductor Contacts 32. High-current cable joints (new) 33. Persistent-current joints (new) 34. Introduction to Section F: Refrigeration Methods 35. Review of Refrigeration Methods 36. Pulse Tube Cryocoolers 37. Gifford-McMahon Refrigerators 38. Microcoolers 39. Cooling with Liquid Helium
1. Introduction to Section G1: Structure/Microstructure 2. X-ray Studies: Chemical Crystallography 3. X-ray Studies: Phase transformations and microstructure changes 4. Transmission Electron Microscopy 5. An Introduction to Digital Image Analysis of Superconductors 6. Optical Microscopy 7. Neutron Techniques: Flux-Line Lattice 8. Introduction to Section G2: Measurement and Interpretation of Electromagnetic Properties 9. Electromagnetic Properties of Superconductors 10. Numerical Models of the Electromagnetic 11. Behavior of Superconductor 12. DC Transport Critical Currents 13. Characterisation of the Transport Critical Current Density for Conductor Applications 14. Magnetic Measurements of Critical Current Density, Pinning and Flux Creep 15. AC Susceptibility 16. AC Losses in Superconducting Materials, Wires, and Tapes 17. Characterization of Superconductor Magnetic Properties in Crossed Magnetic Fields 18. Microwave Impedance 19. Local Probes of Field Distribution 20. Some unusual and systematic properties of hole-doped cuprates in the normal and superconducting states 21. Thermal, Mechanical & Other Properties 22. Thermal Properties: Specific Heat 23. Thermal Properties: Thermal Conductivity 24. Thermal Properties: Thermal Expansion 25. Mechanical Properties 26. Magneto-Optical Characterization Techniques 27. Introduction to Large Scale Applications 28. Electromagnet Fundamentals 29. Superconducting Magnet Design 30. MRI 31. Current Leads 32. Cables 33. AC and DC Power Transmission 34. Fault-Current Limiters 35. Energy Storage 36. Transformers 37. Electrical Machines Using HTS Conductors 38. Electrical Machines Using Bulk HTS 39. Homopolar Motors 40. Magnetic Separation 41. Superconducting Radiofrequency Cavities 42. Introduction to Section H2: High-Frequency Devices 43. Microwave Resonators and Filters 44. Transmission Lines 45. Antennae 46. Introduction to Section H3: Josephson Junction Devices 47. Josephson Junctions Properties 48. SQUIDs and Applications 49. Biomagnetism 50. Non-destructive Evaluation 51. Digital Electronics 52. SC AD Converters 53. Superconducting Qubits 54. Introduction to Radiation and Particle Detectors that Use Superconductivity 55. Superconducting Tunnel Junction Radiation Detectors 56. Transition-edge Sensors 57. Superconducting Materials for Microwave Kinetic Inductance Detectors 58. Metallic Magnetic Calorimeters 59. Optical Detectors and Sensors 60. Low Noise Superconducting Mixers for the Terahertz Frequency Range 61. Applications: Metrology
Professor David Cardwell, FREng, is Professor of Superconducting Engineering and Pro-Vice-Chancellor responsible for Strategy and Planning at the University of Cambridge. He was Head of the Engineering Department between 2014 and 2018. Prof. Cardwell, who established the Bulk Superconductor research group at Cambridge in 1992, has a world-wide reputation on the processing and applications of bulk high temperature superconductors. He was a founder member of the European Society for Applied Superconductivity (ESAS) in 1998 and has served as a Board member and Treasurer of the Society for the past 12 years. He is an active board member of three international journals, including Superconductor Science and Technology, and has authored over 380 technical papers and patents in the field of bulk superconductivity since 1987. He has given invited presentations at over 70 international conferences and collaborates widely around the world with academic institutes and industry. Prof. Cardwell was elected to a Fellowship of the Royal Academy of Engineering in 2012 in recognition of his contribution to the development of superconducting materials for engineering applications. He is currently a Distinguished Visiting Professor at the University of Hong Kong. He was awarded a Sc.D. by the University of Cambridge in 2014 and an honorary D.Sc. by the University of Warwick in 2015.
Professor David Larbalestier is Krafft Professor of Superconducting Materials at Florida State University and Chief Materials Scientist at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory. He was for many years Director of the Applied Superconductivity Center, first at the University of Wisconsin in Madison (1991-2006) before moving the Center to the NHMFL at Florida State University, stepping down as Director in 2018. He has been deeply interested in understanding superconducting materials that are or potentially useful as conductors and made major contributions to the understanding and betterment of Nb-Ti alloys, Nb3Sn, YBa2Cu3O7-, Bi2Sr2Ca1Cu2Ox, (Bi,Pb)2Sr2Ca2Cu3Ox, MgB2 and the Fe-based compounds. Fabrication of high field test magnets has always been an interest, starting with the first high field filamentary Nb3Sn magnets while at Rutherford Laboratory and more recently the world’s highest field DC magnet (45.5 T using a 14.5 T REBCO insert inside a 31 T resistive magnet). These works are described in ~490 papers written in partnership with more than 70 PhD students and postdocs, as well as other collaborators. He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 2003 and is a Fellow of the APS, IOP, IEEE, MRS and AAAS. He received his B.Sc. (1965) and Ph.D. (1970) degrees from Imperial College at the University of London and taught at the University of Wisconsin in Madison from 1976-2006.
Professor Alex Braginski is retired Director of a former Superconducting Electronics Institute at the Research Center Jülich (FZJ), retired Professor of Physics at the University of Wuppertal, both in Germany, and currently a guest researcher at FZJ. He received his doctoral and D.Sc. degrees in Poland, where in early 1950s he pioneered the development of ferrite technology and subsequently their industrial manufacturing, for which he received a Polish National Prize. He headed the Polfer Research Laboratory there until leaving Poland in 1966. At the Westinghouse R&D Center in Pittsburgh, PA, USA, he then in turn managed magnetics, superconducting materials and superconducting electronics groups until retiring in 1989. Personally contributed there to technology of thin-film Nb3Ge conductors and Josephson junctions (JJs), both A15 and high-Tc, also epitaxial. Invited by FZJ, he joined it and contributed to development of high-Tc JJs and RF SQUIDs. After retiring in 1989, was Vice President R&D at Cardiomag Imaging, Inc. in Schenectady, NY, USA, 2000-2002. Co-edited and co-authored The SQUID Handbook, 2004-2006, several book chapters, and authored or co-authored well over 200 journal publications and 17 patents. He founded and served as Editor of the IEEE CSC Superconductivity News Forum (SNF), 2007-2017. Is Fellow of IEEE and APS, and recipient of the IEEE CSC Award for Continuing and Significant Contributions in the Field of Applied Superconductivity, 2006.