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Handbook of Surface Metrology



ISBN 9780750300391
Published January 1, 1994 by CRC Press
350 Pages

 
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Book Description

Written by the leading authority in the subject, Handbook of Surface Metrology covers every conceivable aspect of measuring and characterizing a surface. Focusing both on theory and practice, the book provides useful guidelines for the design of precision instruments and presents data on the functional importance of surfaces. It also clearly explains the essential theory relevant to surface metrology. The book defines most terms and parameters according to national and international standards. Many examples and illustrations are drawn from the esteemed author's large fund of groundbreaking research work. This unparalleled, all-encompassing "metrology bible" is beneficial for engineering postgraduate students and researchers involved in tribology, instrumentation, data processing, and metrology.

Table of Contents

Foreword by Professor D. Dowson

GENERAL PHILOSOPHY OF MEASUREMENT
Where does surface metrology fit in engineering metrology?
Importance of surface metrology

SURFACE CHARACTERIZATION-THE NATURE OF SURFACES AND THE SIGNALS OBTAINED FROM THEM
Surface roughness characterization
Waviness
Errors of form
Comparisons of definitions for surface metrology and coordinate measuring
Characterization of defect shapes on the surface

PROCESSING
Digital methods
Digital properties of random surfaces
Fourier transform and the FFT
Statistical parameters in digital form
Properties and implementation of ambiguity function and Wigner distribution function
Digital estimation of reference lines for surface metrology
Algorithms
Transformation in surface metrology
Graphical methods
Other methods of processing
Surface generation

INSTRUMENTATION
Introduction and historical
Measurement systems
Optical techniques for measurement of surfaces
Capacitance techniques for measurement of surfaces of slopes
Inductance techniques
Impedance technique-skin effect
Other non-standard techniques
Electron microscopy
Merit of transducers

ERRORS, CALIBRATION, TRACEABILITY AND STANDARDIZATION
Nature of errors
Deterministic or systematic error model
Basic components of accuracy evaluation
Basic error theory for a system
Propagation of errors
Some useful statistical tests for surfaces
Uncertainty in instruments-calibration in general
Calibration of stylus instruments
Calibration of form instruments
Parameter variation
National and international standards
Drawing symbols

SURFACE METROLOGY IN MANUFACTURE
Manufacturing processes
Cutting
Abrasive processes
Unconventional machining
Surface roughness produced by machining difficult materials
Surface effects other than geometry
Surface geometry-a fingerprint of manufacture

SURFACE GEOMETRY-ITS IMPORTANCE IN FUNCTION
Two body interaction - static effects
Functional properties of contact
Two body interactions - dynamic effects
General roughness and system life
One body interactions
One body with radiation (optical)
Scattering by other waves
Systems function

SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
Characterization and nature of signal
Data processing
Measurement of trends
Calibration
Manufacture
Function
Overview

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Reviews

"The book is clearly written, well illustrated, and comprehensive in its coverage. … a very important addition to the engineering literature written by possibly the best qualified person in this country."
-Industrial Lubrication and Technology

"Given its importance to modern engineering, an authoritative and comprehensive guide to surface metrology has been long overdue: this book is well worth the wait. It will provide a central and essential reference for many years to come. … This is an immense and rich mine of information, and both the scope and the inadequacies of current theories are fully explored."
-M.A. Player (Aberdeen University), Measurement Science and Technology

"… no laboratory where surface metrology is an issue can afford to be without a copy. … The section on characterization and signal processing is the major portion of the book, and is likely to remain the definitive account of the topic for some time."
-Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers

"Based on the personal knowledge and experience of the author who is a leading authority on the subject, this well-presented and comprehensive reference work covers both theory and practice. … The book contains a great deal of data, a useful glossary, and is exceptionally well referenced."
-Aslib Book Guide

"All you need to know about this subject is covered in depth: from the essential theory of surface metrology, the relevant national and international standards, to the design of precision instruments and processing of data. … There is no doubt that this reference work will be found essential for engineers involved in any aspect of development and production engineering concerned with metrology, tribology, instrumentation, and associated data processing."
-Vacuum

"It provides, for the first time I believe, a comprehensive analysis of modern techniques and instrumentation for surface metrology, including a description of the historical background to this important branch of engineering, in which the author himself played a major role. … all this and much more has been described in an easily readable manner with plenty of sensible diagrams and a wealth of useful references."
-Professor Jack Dinsdale, NCR Industrial Professor, University of Dundee, Scotland